DomesticcivilprotectionWorldwidehumanitarianassistanceEuropeanemergencyassistanceVolunteer groups Armed forcesDisasters and crisesInternational NGOs
The international relief systemPUBLIC ANDCORPORATEDONORSINTERNATIONALNGOsDONOR COUNTRYGOVT. AGENCIESRECIPIENT COUNTRYGOVERNMENT AGENCIESRECIPIENT COUNTRYDONORSLOCALNGOsAFFECTED POPULATION AND VICTIMSUNITED NATIONS AGENCIESUN Office for the Co-ordination ofHumanitarian Affairs (UN-OCHA)UN Disaster Assistance Team (UNDAC)International SAR Advisory Group (INSARAG)UN High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)World Food Programme (WFP)Other UN AgenciesRAPID RESPONSE TEAMSInternational SAR teamsDisaster Assistance Response Teams (DARTs)RED CROSS-RED CRESCENTInternational Committee of the RC (ICRC)International Federation of RC Socs. (IFRC)National societies - donor countriesNational societies - recipient countries
UN Resident Co-ordinator (UN-RC)UN Humanitarian Aid Co-ordinator (UN-HC)Emergency Relief Co-ordinator (UN-ERC)(Undersecretary General for Humanitarian Affairs)Inter-Agency Standing Committee (UN-IASC)[UN Humanitarian Agencies; UNHCR,Red Cross, World Bank, various NGOs]Civil-Military Humanitarian Co-ordinator (UN-CMCoord)Department of Humanitarian Affairs (UN-DHA)Office for the Co-ordination ofHumanitarian Affairs (UN-OCHA)In the assisted country
Humanitarian assistance• direct: distribution of materials andservices directly to the beneficiaries• indirect: e.g. transport ofrelief personnel and supplies• infrastructure support:general services such as roadrepairs, air traffic control,electricity generation.
HumanitarianassistanceDomesticdisaster reliefDomestic civilinstitutions:• local• regional• nationalForeign civilinstitutions:• local• regional• nationalInternational organisations and NGOs:UN, IFRC, etc.Military aid to civilauthorities and communities
UK Armed ForcesMilitary Assistanceto civil authoritiesMilitary Aidto otherGovernmentDepartments(MAGD)Work ofnationalimportance(e.g. duringstrikes)Military Aidto the CivilPower (MACP)Maintenanceof publicsafety andsecurity;Counter-terrorismactivitiesMilitaryAid tothe CivilCommunity(MACC)Search &rescue;Logistics;DisasterresponseCivildefenceMilitaryoperationsThe British model of military assistance
Aceh (Indonesia)AfghanistanAfrica meridionaleAngolaBurundiCeceniaColombiaCorea del NordEritrea e EthiopiaGrandi Laghi AfricaniHaitiIl CaucasoIraqKenyaKosovo e i BalcaniLiberiaPakistan settentrionalePalestina e IsraeleRwandaSierra LeoneSomaliaSri Lankail SudanTimor OrientaleUgandaComplex emergencies: situations ofpolitical, economic and military collapseand damage to the fabric of society
Complex emergency:"a humanitarian crisis ina country, region orsociety where there is anotable lack of governmentas a result of internal orexternal conflict, whichto be adequately resolvedneeds more resources thanthose provided by anysingle UN programme."
• social and economic disruption• military instability andthe need for stabilisation• recurrent natural disasters• persistent poverty and inequality.Complex emergenciesare distinguished by:-
www.sphereproject.orgHumanitarian forces need tobe sensitive to cultural normsand the dilemmas of neutrality
Publicperceptionof disasterscontinues to bedominated bymyths andinaccuraciesenthusiasticallypropagated bythe mass media.
"Myth" no.13: Unburied deadbodies constitute a health hazard.
"Myth" no.14: Disease epidemics are analmost inevitable result of the disruptionand poor health caused by major disasters.
"Myth" no.15: Dead bodies, survivors,streets, rubble and other thingsshould be sprayed with disinfectantto stop the spread of disease.
"Myth" no.16: Great quantitiesand assortments of medicinesshould be sent to disaster areas.
"Myth" no.17: In the aftermath ofdisaster mass vaccination is an excellentway of stopping the spread of diseases.
"Myth" no.18: Field hospitals areparticularly useful for treating peopleinjured by sudden impact disasters.
"Myth" no.19: The mass mediacreate an accurate picture of thedisasters on which they report.
"Myth" no.20:In disastersthere are heroesand villains.
Our image of disasters is conditionedfar too much by Hollywood!
War andconflictPovertyNaturaldisastersInsecurityVulnerability andmarginalisationMilitaryHumanitarian assistanceassistanceThe "Military Cross"
What falls outof the sky?Cluster bombsHumanitarian rations
MilitaryassistanceHumanitarianassistanceCreationof poverty,marginalisation,precariousness"Capacitybuilding":creation ofresilienceGlobalexploitationInformal andblack economyScienceThe international community
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