Direct Instruction - PowerPoint Presentation
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  • YouTube link: (What Should Education Look Like? Clip from Ferris Bueller’s Day Off)
  • YouTube video clip from movie Teachers:
  • Kindergarten: While Marty spoke of using direct instruction integrated with cooperative learning, Elaine says she has to have direct instruction because the children are to young and have not been exposed to a lot of building blocks like older children would have been. She believes the more you can tie in your senses while using the direct instruction the better off you will be. Once direct instruction has taken place, then students can be broke into small groups to practice.First Grade: Becky uses direct instruction a lot. She did not feel that it is the most important form of instruction of but feels that in her class she has to start out with direct instruction. The older the students gets and the further into the year she goes, she is able to integrate different teaching styles.Second Grade: Shirley feels like you have to use direct instruction especially with the lowest learners in her classroom.Third Grade: Sandy feels that it is critical to teach direct instruction concepts. Once this has been accomplished then you can use cooperative learning. She describes using direct instruction as her foundation then moving towards guided practice, checking for understanding (critical), individual practice, and then assessment. She also felt that direct instruction is valuable when teaching all subjects. When she breaks her class into small groups, this is where she catches those students who have not yet grasped the concept or skill. If a teacher is not using direct instruction then students are losing our on valuable learning and an understanding of concepts. She believes in following up direct instruction with Kagen to keep things from becoming dry.

Direct Instruction - PowerPoint Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Direct Instruction
    By: Cindy Davis & Dakota Smith
  • 2. Direct Instruction Agenda
    What is Direct Instruction?
    Compare and contrast Direct Instruction with Constructivism
    Effectiveness of Direct Instruction / Pros and Cons for this method
    Interviews with teachers / How effective Direct Instruction is in their classroom.
  • 3. What is Direct Instruction and what are some of its teaching methods?
    Direct instruction
    Visual aids
    • Video tapes/clips
    • 4. Pictures
    • 5. Photos
    • 6. Power Point
    • 7. Black/White boards
    • 8. Books
  • I say
    we say
    you say
  • 9. What Should Education Look Like???
  • 10. Direct Instruction vs. Constructivism
    Direct Instruction
    • Central role is assigned to the teacher.
    • 11. Classroom management is key.
    • 12. Effective when specific content and skills are primary goals.
    • 13. Specific set of operations and procedures.
    • 14. Provide multiple opportunities for feedback and practice.
    • 15. Model is arranged with decreasing teacher control.
    • 16. Learners construct their own knowledge.
    • 17. Learning enhanced through social interaction.
    • 18. Learning focuses on explanations and answers.
    • 19. Teacher needs to be aware of when to intervene.
    • 20. Verbalization and sharing of ideas.
  • 21. Constructivist Teaching
    • Lends itself to higher order thinking
    • 22. Provides student responsibility
    • 23. Provides developmental learning
    • Does not belong in special education
    • 24. More work involved
    • 25. Creates difficulty when meeting standards are concerned
  • Direct Instruction
    • Invaluable in special education instructions
    • 26. Allows you to group students by ability
    • 27. Allows complex knowledge to be communicated
    • Can get dry if effort isn’t placed on presenting instruction
    • 28. Provides inappropriate use of methods
    • 29. Limits students ability to use critical thinking skills
  • 30. Pros And Cons
    Why you should or shouldn’t use Direct Instruction.
    It is based on old learning theories: simple tasks before complex ones, only measurable learning is worthwhile.
    Students do not have a sense of the overall purpose when it comes to the simple steps.
    More difficult to access the students’ prior knowledge.
    Lower retention rate in problem solving.
    Direct instruction works best in conjunction with other teaching methods.
    The teacher has control of the timing of the lesson.
    Students are physically easy to monitor.
    The teacher has control over what will be learned and who will learn.
    The curriculum can be covered so the teacher can say that he/she taught the material.
    Any information for which there is one right answer can be taught efficiently and honestly by using direct instruction.
  • 31. High Vs. Low Socioeconomic Income
    • How the Teachers teach is important.
    • 32. Two different schools.
    • 33. Two different styles of learning.
    • 34. Two different socioeconomic incomes.
  • Research indicates that direct instruction works better even in other countries for teaching young children, children with disabilities, or children that are learning to speak more than one language.
    ~instructors are able to demonstrate the technique efficiently to students as a combination of instructional components.~ direct instruction in language skills can improve conversational grammar. ~Pre and post test comparisons between groups showed that the Direct instruction group made significantly greater gains than the traditional group on phonological/orthographic measures.
  • 36.
  • 37.
    • Kindergarten
    • 38. Elaine Heger
    • 39. Marty Clayton
    • 40. First Grade
    • 41. Becky Woodbury
    • 42. Third Grade
    • 43. Sandy Woods
    • 44. Second Grade
    • 45. Shirley Carlton
    Interviews with teachers at SCES
    • Compare and contrast Direct Instruction with Cooperative Learning
    • 46. Instruction that they personally use in their classroom
  • Works Cited
    McVittie, J. (accessed 9/16/2010). “What Should Education Look Like?” [Video webcast]. Retrieved September 16, 2010, from Lucks, Rachel. "" 12/16/1999. (accessed 9/16/2010). Granshow, Leonore. "Effects of Direct Instruction in Spanish Phonology on the Native- Language Skills and Foreign-Language Aptitude of At-Risk Foreign-Language LearnersJournal of learning disabillities 28. 2 (1995), 107-120, (accessed September 17,2010). Durhan, Elva. "Reading Curriculum for Beginning Hispanic Bilingual Children Based on Direct InstructionEducation Resource Information Center 28. 2 (1980), 51, tSearch_SearchValue_0=ED191623&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno =ED191623. (accessed September 27, 2010).“Nick Nolte (Teachers 1983)” [Video Clip]. Retrieved September 18, 2010, from