Direct Instruction - PowerPoint PresentationPresentation Transcript
Direct Instruction By: Cindy Davis & Dakota Smith By PresenterMedia.com
Direct Instruction Agenda What is Direct Instruction? Dakota Compare and contrast Direct Instruction with Constructivism Cindy Effectiveness of Direct Instruction / Pros and Cons for this method Dakota Interviews with teachers / How effective Direct Instruction is in their classroom. Cindy
What is Direct Instruction and what are some of its teaching methods? Direct instruction
I SEE, WE SEE, YOU SEE-I SAY, WE SAY, YOU SAY
I say we say you say
What Should Education Look Like???
Direct Instruction vs. Constructivism Direct Instruction Constructivism
Central role is assigned to the teacher.
Classroom management is key.
Effective when specific content and skills are primary goals.
Specific set of operations and procedures.
Provide multiple opportunities for feedback and practice.
Model is arranged with decreasing teacher control.
Learners construct their own knowledge.
Learning enhanced through social interaction.
Learning focuses on explanations and answers.
Teacher needs to be aware of when to intervene.
Verbalization and sharing of ideas.
Constructivist Teaching Benefits
Lends itself to higher order thinking
Provides student responsibility
Provides developmental learning
Does not belong in special education
More work involved
Creates difficulty when meeting standards are concerned
Direct Instruction Benefits
Invaluable in special education instructions
Allows you to group students by ability
Allows complex knowledge to be communicated
Can get dry if effort isn’t placed on presenting instruction
Provides inappropriate use of methods
Limits students ability to use critical thinking skills
Pros And Cons Why you should or shouldn’t use Direct Instruction. Disadvantages It is based on old learning theories: simple tasks before complex ones, only measurable learning is worthwhile. Students do not have a sense of the overall purpose when it comes to the simple steps. More difficult to access the students’ prior knowledge. Lower retention rate in problem solving. Direct instruction works best in conjunction with other teaching methods. Advantages The teacher has control of the timing of the lesson. Students are physically easy to monitor. The teacher has control over what will be learned and who will learn. The curriculum can be covered so the teacher can say that he/she taught the material. Any information for which there is one right answer can be taught efficiently and honestly by using direct instruction.
High Vs. Low Socioeconomic Income
How the Teachers teach is important.
Two different schools.
Two different styles of learning.
Two different socioeconomic incomes.
Research indicates that direct instruction works better even in other countries for teaching young children, children with disabilities, or children that are learning to speak more than one language.
OTHER LANGUAGES ~instructors are able to demonstrate the technique efficiently to students as a combination of instructional components.~ direct instruction in language skills can improve conversational grammar. ~Pre and post test comparisons between groups showed that the Direct instruction group made significantly greater gains than the traditional group on phonological/orthographic measures.
Interviews with teachers at SCES
Compare and contrast Direct Instruction with Cooperative Learning
Instruction that they personally use in their classroom
Works Cited McVittie, J. http://www.usask.ca/education/coursework/mcvittiej/methods/direct.html (accessed 9/16/2010). “What Should Education Look Like?” [Video webcast]. Retrieved September 16, 2010, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58K_aikV0YQ Lucks, Rachel. "184.108.40.206." 12/16/1999.http://ematusov.soe.udel.edu/final.paper.pub/_pwfsfp/0000017b.htm (accessed 9/16/2010). Granshow, Leonore. "Effects of Direct Instruction in Spanish Phonology on the Native- Language Skills and Foreign-Language Aptitude of At-Risk Foreign-Language LearnersJournal of learning disabillities 28. 2 (1995), 107-120, http://ldx.sagepub.com/content/28/2/107.abstract. (accessed September 17,2010). Durhan, Elva. "Reading Curriculum for Beginning Hispanic Bilingual Children Based on Direct InstructionEducation Resource Information Center 28. 2 (1980), 51, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/detailmini.jsp?_nfpb=true&_&ERICEx tSearch_SearchValue_0=ED191623&ERICExtSearch_SearchType_0=no&accno =ED191623. (accessed September 27, 2010).“Nick Nolte (Teachers 1983)” [Video Clip]. Retrieved September 18, 2010, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T-s_JHBDcfw