THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
The Seven Years’ War was fought from
1756 to 1763.
The British Navy
declined in the
years after the
Seven Years War .
France began to
rebuild its navy
after the war.
during the Seven
13 Colonies 1763
This decree, passed
in 1763 to pay off
war debts built up
during the French
and Indian War,
exports to the
The Revenue Act
King George III
The Stamp Act of 1765
It required that every
from legal documents,
and even playing
cards, carry a stamp
on it to raise money
for the defense of the
The Townshend Act
This act, passed in 1767, taxed paper,
lead, and tea.
British soldiers shot and killed several
people including Crispus Attucks. They
were the first casualties of the American
5 March 1770
Samuel Adams and
as Indians, dumped
British tea into the
harbor rather than
pay taxes on it.
Boston Tea Party - 1773
The Coercive Acts
• Passed in retribution for the Boston
• Closed the port of Boston
• Abolished the right of the people of
Massachusetts to select their own
• Restricted other civil liberties
In the early days of
war, men were eager
As war continued,
it became difficult
to recruit because
of stricter discipline,
low pay, and rewards
Forcing men to serve in the Navy by taking
them on board ship against their will
Finding men to serve in the Navy would
be a problem throughout the war, and
ships were often unable to go to sea
because they lacked crews.
First Continental naval squadron was
composed of six small schooners, brigs,
and sloops assembled at Philadelphia.
Congress directs Hopkins
to neutralize loyalist craft
in the Virginia Capes.
Hopkins sailed to New Providence in the
Bahamas and overcame two British forts
and took more than eighty artillery pieces,
powder, and naval stores.
The Nassau expedition turned out to be
the last time American ships would put
to sea as a squadron during the war.
In a single month, August 1776, Jones
captured sixteen enemy vessels and
destroyed many others.
John Paul Jones would become
legendary among early American
in 1775 by
The Bat t l e of Lake
Champl ai n st opped
t he Bri t i sh
advance i n 1775The
When British reinforcements arrived,
the American patriots retreated toward
By not following
the British plan,
to the eventual defeat
of the British in the
Colonies. He was
relieved and sent back
By the summer of
forces were in
John Paul Jones renamed the East
Indiaman the Bonhomme Richard
in honor of Benjamin Franklin, who
had written Poor Richard’s Almanac.
As the Bonhomme Richard slowly
began to sink, John Paul Jones was
asked if he was ready to strike.
He replied with the immortal words,
“I have not yet begun to fight!”
• Maintain the defensive in the
• Mount an offensive in the
• Take the war to the West Indies.
British Strategy in 1778
Sir Henry Clinton now commanded British
forces in the colonies. He abandoned
Philadelphia to reinforce New York City.
Confident that Washington's troops were
not a threat to New York City, Clinton set
sail for Charleston, South Carolina, and
surrounded the American forces.
The last Continental
captured during the
Battle of Charleston
Navy was never
again an effective
in 1783 as
a result of
Gulf of Mexico
The small Continental Navy was
generally ineffective against the
powerful Navy of England.
Sea power played an important role in
• The artillery and supplies used by
the Continental Army came from
prizes captured at sea.
• The French fleet, off the Virginia
Capes in 1781, prevented the British
from helping Cornwallis, leading
directly to his surrender.
It was obvious to many Americans that
to keep its freedom America needed a
navy of its own.
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