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Tesol08 Efl Acad Session080404

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Moving from Academic to Job- Related Writing: Distinguishing "Want" from "Needs"

Moving from Academic to Job- Related Writing: Distinguishing "Want" from "Needs"

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    • 1. Moving from Academic to Job-Related Writing EFL-IS Academic Session Friday, April 4, 2008 – 8:30 – 11:15 am TESOL 2008, NY, NY, USA 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 2. Agenda 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 3. Learning vs Memory (1) 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 4. Learning vs Memory (2) 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 5.
      • Education is a social process;
      • education is growth; education
      • is not a preparation for life but
      • is life itself.
      • John Dewey, (1859-1952)
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 6. Learning Approaches 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 7. Informal Learning & Formal Learning
        • “ Most of what we learn, we learn from other people -
        • At work we learn more in the break room than in the
        • classroom. We discover how to do our jobs through
        • informal learning -- observing others, asking the
        • person in the next cubicle, calling the help desk, trial-
        • and-error, and simply working with people in the know.
        • Formal learning - classes and workshops and online
        • events - is the source of only 10% to 20% of what we
        • learn at work.”
        • Jay Cross (2003)
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 8. 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 9. The Big Picture Of Informal Learning http://www.jaycross.com/informal_book/poster.htm @ 2006 Jay Cross, Internet Time Groups LLC, Berkeley, California 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 10. Push Learning vs Pull Learning
        • Formal learning = Push learning
        • Informal Learning = Pull learning
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 11. Case Study: Gulf Bank of Kuwait
      • Putting Theories into Action
      • http://alothman-b.tripod.com/content-gb.htm
      • A pilot ESP program for a group in the financial industry
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 12. Case Study: A Pilot Blended ESP, (BE) Program for Branch Managers
        • Phases:
          • Needs Assessment
          • Objectives
          • Program Design
          • Syllabus (weekly activities)
          • Logistics
          • Implementation
          • Program evaluation & Recommendations
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 13. Needs Assessment
      • Organizational Needs Assessment, (ONA)
      • Needed employees to write summary reports on job-
      • related (assigned) seminars and presentations (listening and writing skills, and to have fun).
      • Job-Task Needs Assessment, (TNA)
      • Needed employees to write: emails, memos, complaints
      • and recommendation letters, (technical professional
      • writing).
      • Instructional Needs Assessment (INA)
      • Oral skills: good to very good; Listening Skills: good to very good; Writing skills: Poor grammar (verb forms, sentences, spelling, and using caps).
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 14. Distinguishing between “Wants" and “Needs"
      • Blending Formal and Informal learning
      • approaches using new technologies to
      • teach communications skills:
      • Formal and informal Email
      • Memo
      • Summary report
      • Group-writing and presentation
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 15. Building a Collaborative Professional Community to Enhance Formal & Informal Learning http://alothman-b.tripod.com/content-gb-e-community.htm 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 16. New Technologies for Learning by Doing 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008 used as a CMS, for announcements, and to practice email writing to practice writing through reflection and sharing information to practice collaborative group-writing for the final project for voice messages and audio activities ProActive English for performance support activities – to practice listening, speaking with focus on pronunciation and presentation skills
    • 17. Formal vs Informal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 18. Formal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 19. Informal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 20. Virtual Environments to Support Just in Time Learning 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008 for voice & text instant messaging & international conversations For formal and informal activities: lessons, meetings, discussions, presentations Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Delicious - social bookmarking, using the tags Blip.tv Video to improve communications performance
    • 21. Examples of Performance Support Blended Activities formal and informal learning situations: three participants were reflecting and reporting on a seminar using Elluminate 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 22. Different Learning Environments for Performance Support convenient for the busy manager Learning from one another Practicing various communication skills at different environments to support informal learning approach and have fun! 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 23. Other Effective Activities Dennis Oliver Dave Winet John Bradly Inviting Guest Speakers / Authentic Audience to communicate with the learners via live text and voice sessions 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 24. Promoting Informal learning through International Conversation Activities Live conversation with authentic audience via Skype - Venue: Arab Planning Institute (API) Barbara Sawhill Abeer Bouftain 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 25. Simulation Activities at the Virtual Classroom Performance support fun activities - (David Winet as Bill Gates  ) David Winet Bill Gates 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 26. Summary of Program Evaluation’s Results 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 27. Some Results of the Program Evaluation 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 28. Challenges
      • HR team & training management
      • IT challenges ( equipment, support)
      • Training / classroom equipment
      • Miscommunication
      • Barriers and Motivation - (Principles of Adults Learning, by Stephen Lieb, Fall 1991 - http://tinyurl.com/8etyf )
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 29. Recommendations / future plans
      • Improve Organizational Needs Assessment
      • Suggest the use of virtual social network tools for HR and training managers
      • Provide orientation for each technology shortly before it’s used
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 30.
      • Final Word
      • Things manage to work themselves out and nature has always confirmed that….
      • Change is happening; so, let’s let it be
      • Time to Learn how to learn 
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • 31.
      • The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change.
      • (Carl Rogers)
      • I think everyone should go to college and get a degree and then spend six months as a bartender and six months as a cabdriver. Then they would really be educated.
      • ( Al MacGuire)
      • Knowledge which is acquired under compulsion has no hold on the mind.
      • ( Plato)
      4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008

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