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Moving from Academic to Job- Related Writing: Distinguishing "Want" from "Needs"

Moving from Academic to Job- Related Writing: Distinguishing "Want" from "Needs"

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Tesol08 Efl Acad Session080404 Tesol08 Efl Acad Session080404 Presentation Transcript

  • Moving from Academic to Job-Related Writing EFL-IS Academic Session Friday, April 4, 2008 – 8:30 – 11:15 am TESOL 2008, NY, NY, USA 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Agenda 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Learning vs Memory (1) 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Learning vs Memory (2) 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • Education is a social process;
    • education is growth; education
    • is not a preparation for life but
    • is life itself.
    • John Dewey, (1859-1952)
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Learning Approaches 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Informal Learning & Formal Learning
      • “ Most of what we learn, we learn from other people -
      • At work we learn more in the break room than in the
      • classroom. We discover how to do our jobs through
      • informal learning -- observing others, asking the
      • person in the next cubicle, calling the help desk, trial-
      • and-error, and simply working with people in the know.
      • Formal learning - classes and workshops and online
      • events - is the source of only 10% to 20% of what we
      • learn at work.”
      • Jay Cross (2003)
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • The Big Picture Of Informal Learning http://www.jaycross.com/informal_book/poster.htm @ 2006 Jay Cross, Internet Time Groups LLC, Berkeley, California 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Push Learning vs Pull Learning
      • Formal learning = Push learning
      • Informal Learning = Pull learning
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Case Study: Gulf Bank of Kuwait
    • Putting Theories into Action
    • http://alothman-b.tripod.com/content-gb.htm
    • A pilot ESP program for a group in the financial industry
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Case Study: A Pilot Blended ESP, (BE) Program for Branch Managers
      • Phases:
        • Needs Assessment
        • Objectives
        • Program Design
        • Syllabus (weekly activities)
        • Logistics
        • Implementation
        • Program evaluation & Recommendations
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Needs Assessment
    • Organizational Needs Assessment, (ONA)
    • Needed employees to write summary reports on job-
    • related (assigned) seminars and presentations (listening and writing skills, and to have fun).
    • Job-Task Needs Assessment, (TNA)
    • Needed employees to write: emails, memos, complaints
    • and recommendation letters, (technical professional
    • writing).
    • Instructional Needs Assessment (INA)
    • Oral skills: good to very good; Listening Skills: good to very good; Writing skills: Poor grammar (verb forms, sentences, spelling, and using caps).
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Distinguishing between “Wants" and “Needs"
    • Blending Formal and Informal learning
    • approaches using new technologies to
    • teach communications skills:
    • Formal and informal Email
    • Memo
    • Summary report
    • Group-writing and presentation
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Building a Collaborative Professional Community to Enhance Formal & Informal Learning http://alothman-b.tripod.com/content-gb-e-community.htm 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • New Technologies for Learning by Doing 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008 used as a CMS, for announcements, and to practice email writing to practice writing through reflection and sharing information to practice collaborative group-writing for the final project for voice messages and audio activities ProActive English for performance support activities – to practice listening, speaking with focus on pronunciation and presentation skills
  • Formal vs Informal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Formal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Informal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Virtual Environments to Support Just in Time Learning 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008 for voice & text instant messaging & international conversations For formal and informal activities: lessons, meetings, discussions, presentations Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Delicious - social bookmarking, using the tags Blip.tv Video to improve communications performance
  • Examples of Performance Support Blended Activities formal and informal learning situations: three participants were reflecting and reporting on a seminar using Elluminate 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Different Learning Environments for Performance Support convenient for the busy manager Learning from one another Practicing various communication skills at different environments to support informal learning approach and have fun! 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Other Effective Activities Dennis Oliver Dave Winet John Bradly Inviting Guest Speakers / Authentic Audience to communicate with the learners via live text and voice sessions 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Promoting Informal learning through International Conversation Activities Live conversation with authentic audience via Skype - Venue: Arab Planning Institute (API) Barbara Sawhill Abeer Bouftain 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Simulation Activities at the Virtual Classroom Performance support fun activities - (David Winet as Bill Gates  ) David Winet Bill Gates 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Summary of Program Evaluation’s Results 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Some Results of the Program Evaluation 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Challenges
    • HR team & training management
    • IT challenges ( equipment, support)
    • Training / classroom equipment
    • Miscommunication
    • Barriers and Motivation - (Principles of Adults Learning, by Stephen Lieb, Fall 1991 - http://tinyurl.com/8etyf )
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  • Recommendations / future plans
    • Improve Organizational Needs Assessment
    • Suggest the use of virtual social network tools for HR and training managers
    • Provide orientation for each technology shortly before it’s used
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • Final Word
    • Things manage to work themselves out and nature has always confirmed that….
    • Change is happening; so, let’s let it be
    • Time to Learn how to learn 
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
    • The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change.
    • (Carl Rogers)
    • I think everyone should go to college and get a degree and then spend six months as a bartender and six months as a cabdriver. Then they would really be educated.
    • ( Al MacGuire)
    • Knowledge which is acquired under compulsion has no hold on the mind.
    • ( Plato)
    4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008