Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Tesol08 Efl Acad Session080404


Published on

Moving from Academic to Job- Related Writing: Distinguishing "Want" from "Needs"

Published in: Education, Business

Tesol08 Efl Acad Session080404

  1. 1. Moving from Academic to Job-Related Writing EFL-IS Academic Session Friday, April 4, 2008 – 8:30 – 11:15 am TESOL 2008, NY, NY, USA 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  2. 2. Agenda 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  3. 3. Learning vs Memory (1) 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  4. 4. Learning vs Memory (2) 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  5. 5. <ul><li>Education is a social process; </li></ul><ul><li>education is growth; education </li></ul><ul><li>is not a preparation for life but </li></ul><ul><li>is life itself. </li></ul><ul><li>John Dewey, (1859-1952) </li></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  6. 6. Learning Approaches 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  7. 7. Informal Learning & Formal Learning <ul><ul><li>“ Most of what we learn, we learn from other people - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At work we learn more in the break room than in the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>classroom. We discover how to do our jobs through </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>informal learning -- observing others, asking the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>person in the next cubicle, calling the help desk, trial- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and-error, and simply working with people in the know. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formal learning - classes and workshops and online </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>events - is the source of only 10% to 20% of what we </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>learn at work.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jay Cross (2003) </li></ul></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  8. 8. 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  9. 9. The Big Picture Of Informal Learning @ 2006 Jay Cross, Internet Time Groups LLC, Berkeley, California 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  10. 10. Push Learning vs Pull Learning <ul><ul><li>Formal learning = Push learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal Learning = Pull learning </li></ul></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  11. 11. Case Study: Gulf Bank of Kuwait <ul><li>Putting Theories into Action </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>A pilot ESP program for a group in the financial industry </li></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  12. 12. Case Study: A Pilot Blended ESP, (BE) Program for Branch Managers <ul><ul><li>Phases: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Needs Assessment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Objectives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Program Design </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Syllabus (weekly activities) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Program evaluation & Recommendations </li></ul></ul></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  13. 13. Needs Assessment <ul><li>Organizational Needs Assessment, (ONA) </li></ul><ul><li>Needed employees to write summary reports on job- </li></ul><ul><li>related (assigned) seminars and presentations (listening and writing skills, and to have fun). </li></ul><ul><li>Job-Task Needs Assessment, (TNA) </li></ul><ul><li>Needed employees to write: emails, memos, complaints </li></ul><ul><li>and recommendation letters, (technical professional </li></ul><ul><li>writing). </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional Needs Assessment (INA) </li></ul><ul><li>Oral skills: good to very good; Listening Skills: good to very good; Writing skills: Poor grammar (verb forms, sentences, spelling, and using caps). </li></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  14. 14. Distinguishing between “Wants&quot; and “Needs&quot; <ul><li>Blending Formal and Informal learning </li></ul><ul><li>approaches using new technologies to </li></ul><ul><li>teach communications skills: </li></ul><ul><li>Formal and informal Email </li></ul><ul><li>Memo </li></ul><ul><li>Summary report </li></ul><ul><li>Group-writing and presentation </li></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  15. 15. Building a Collaborative Professional Community to Enhance Formal & Informal Learning 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  16. 16. New Technologies for Learning by Doing 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008 used as a CMS, for announcements, and to practice email writing to practice writing through reflection and sharing information to practice collaborative group-writing for the final project for voice messages and audio activities ProActive English for performance support activities – to practice listening, speaking with focus on pronunciation and presentation skills
  17. 17. Formal vs Informal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  18. 18. Formal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  19. 19. Informal Email 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  20. 20. Virtual Environments to Support Just in Time Learning 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008 for voice & text instant messaging & international conversations For formal and informal activities: lessons, meetings, discussions, presentations Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Delicious - social bookmarking, using the tags Video to improve communications performance
  21. 21. Examples of Performance Support Blended Activities formal and informal learning situations: three participants were reflecting and reporting on a seminar using Elluminate 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  22. 22. Different Learning Environments for Performance Support convenient for the busy manager Learning from one another Practicing various communication skills at different environments to support informal learning approach and have fun! 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  23. 23. Other Effective Activities Dennis Oliver Dave Winet John Bradly Inviting Guest Speakers / Authentic Audience to communicate with the learners via live text and voice sessions 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  24. 24. Promoting Informal learning through International Conversation Activities Live conversation with authentic audience via Skype - Venue: Arab Planning Institute (API) Barbara Sawhill Abeer Bouftain 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  25. 25. Simulation Activities at the Virtual Classroom Performance support fun activities - (David Winet as Bill Gates  ) David Winet Bill Gates 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  26. 26. Summary of Program Evaluation’s Results 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  27. 27. Some Results of the Program Evaluation 4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  28. 28. Challenges <ul><li>HR team & training management </li></ul><ul><li>IT challenges ( equipment, support) </li></ul><ul><li>Training / classroom equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Miscommunication </li></ul><ul><li>Barriers and Motivation - (Principles of Adults Learning, by Stephen Lieb, Fall 1991 - ) </li></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  29. 29. Recommendations / future plans <ul><li>Improve Organizational Needs Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Suggest the use of virtual social network tools for HR and training managers </li></ul><ul><li>Provide orientation for each technology shortly before it’s used </li></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  30. 30. <ul><li>Final Word </li></ul><ul><li>Things manage to work themselves out and nature has always confirmed that…. </li></ul><ul><li>Change is happening; so, let’s let it be </li></ul><ul><li>Time to Learn how to learn  </li></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008
  31. 31. <ul><li>The only person who is educated is the one who has learned how to learn and change. </li></ul><ul><li>(Carl Rogers) </li></ul><ul><li>I think everyone should go to college and get a degree and then spend six months as a bartender and six months as a cabdriver. Then they would really be educated. </li></ul><ul><li>( Al MacGuire) </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge which is acquired under compulsion has no hold on the mind. </li></ul><ul><li>( Plato) </li></ul>4/4/2008 AlOthman, B. TESOL 2008