Ttt Learning Instruction Mment Mary


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  • Ttt Learning Instruction Mment Mary

    1. 1. Learning/Instruction Management Presented by Mary Nassimbeni [email_address]
    2. 2. From IL theory to IL programme/s <ul><li>Inputs: IL programme/s will combine IL concepts/theory, learning theory & instructional design </li></ul><ul><li>Take into account diversity of educational/learning environments, experience/needs of clients, variety of learning styles and types of interventions available </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional collaboration is vital </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    3. 3. Something about learning theory: constructivist approach 4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town Inquiry learning (Bruner) Meaningful learning Cooperative learning (Slavin) Brain-based learning Student-centered learning
    4. 4. Constructivist approach (1) <ul><li>Practical problem-solving activity </li></ul><ul><li>Learning can be achieved by reflective thinking to solve problems through analysis of lifelike problems and potential alternative solutions, i.e. teachers acting as guides rather than as dispensers of information </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    5. 5. Constructivist approach (2) <ul><li>Building on prior knowledge (Bruner) </li></ul><ul><li>People build on their prior knowledge to reach more advanced levels of understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is an active process of discovery and categorisation </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    6. 6. Applications: curriculum <ul><li>Learners are engaged in meaningful, challenging tasks or solving real-world problems </li></ul><ul><li>People construct their own understanding when they are interested in what they are learning </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    7. 7. Applications: learning/teaching <ul><li>Students are given problems and resources to solve them </li></ul><ul><li>Learning is active & learners are encouraged to be self-directed, taking responsibility for their own learning </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction among students promotes achievement of learning goals more successfully than learning alone </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    8. 8. 4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town Learning Elements Factors in the learning process Multiple intelligences Learning styles Motivation Tools to promote learning process Coaching Questioning
    9. 9. Learning Menu 4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town Independent curricular courses Independent workshops Extra curricular courses Courses for faculty/ teachers Other activities: Demonstrations, lectures, library visits, training sessions Embedded in regular course
    10. 10. Part of regular course <ul><li>IL intervention is embedded in another regular course as a component: this is generally taken to be an ideal situation in an educational setting and requires joint planning with the lecturer and careful articulation with the subject syllabus </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    11. 11. Independent curricular course <ul><li>Courses are offered independently and devoted to IL, but part of students’ curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Full responsibility is given to IL professional </li></ul><ul><li>Plan your course to coincide with academic course </li></ul><ul><li>Plan exercises/examples to reflect content of subject discipline </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    12. 12. Extra-curricular course <ul><li>Independent of faculty curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>But plan to have it eventually become part of students’ curricula </li></ul><ul><li>Model it on format of usual type of course </li></ul><ul><li>Provide recognition of course such as certificate </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    13. 13. Independent short courses <ul><li>Means of training specific IL objectives and for updating skills of your learning community </li></ul><ul><li>But very important to contextualise it </li></ul><ul><li>A series of short courses can be integrated into a full course </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops should be focused, preferably marketed with a catchy title </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    14. 14. Courses for faculty/teachers <ul><li>These are key actors for the success of any IL programme </li></ul><ul><li>Very important to convince them of benefits of IL because they own the timetable a very precious space in any institution </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    15. 15. Courses for faculty/teachers <ul><li>Find out what they need/their problems, e.g. citation/plagiarism, students’ inability to evaluate web material </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of their influence as advocates and champions, so take care to demonstrate your ability as teachers </li></ul>
    16. 16. Other activities <ul><li>Create a menu of options </li></ul><ul><li>Provide information about benefits, objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Can include demonstrations, lectures, library visits, training sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Offer on-request sessions </li></ul><ul><li>Consider help-desk assistance, e.g. trouble shooting with new electronic resources, software applications etc. </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    17. 17. Some guidelines <ul><li>Be clear about objectives of each intervention because this will guide content, methods &assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Where you can, focus on IL standards for every activity </li></ul><ul><li>Establish measurable outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Scalability for large numbers </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    18. 18. Some guidelines contd <ul><li>Collaboration with all stakeholders is necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Work in teams </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint a leader to coordinate IL </li></ul><ul><li>Promote your programme/s well using all methods available </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic review and evaluation </li></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    19. 19. Curriculum design <ul><li>Cf handout on Standards for useful inputs for content/assessment </li></ul><ul><li>You need to answer a number of questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you teach? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whom do you teach? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why? What are the desired outcomes? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How? When? Where? </li></ul></ul>4 - 6 Oct 2008 TTT Workshop Cape Town
    20. 20. Some useful websites with examples of programmes <ul><li>University of Wollongong </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Griffith University </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>griffith_graduate/toolkit/infoLit/why.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>University of Australia </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>infolit/default.asp </li></ul></ul>