HTML Webinar Class

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Class for Florida libraries and learning HTML.

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HTML Webinar Class

  1. 1. HTML with Brian Pichman
  2. 2. HTML = Hypertext Markup Language • Displays web pages in a web browser. • Web browsers use the tags to interpret the content of the page. • HTML elements consisting of tags enclosed in angle brackets (e.g., <html>) • Tags most commonly come in pairs like <h1> and </h1>
  3. 3. Before we learn HTML… • A “website” is a collection of “webpages” – A webpage is PAGENAME.HTML in an HTML site – Your home page should always be index.html • Technically www.yoursitename.com is actually www.yoursitename.com/index.html – Webpages are linked together through “hyperlinks” • A website is stored on a server. – A Server has an IP Address (10.231.231.21) and a DNS translates www.yoursitename.com to that Address
  4. 4. This is typically at index.html
  5. 5. Color As A Code http://colorschemedesigner.com
  6. 6. What Does HTML Code Look Like?
  7. 7. What Does HTML Code Look Like? www.circtech.net
  8. 8. <html> <head> <title>Learning Sites</title> </head> <body> The content of the document...... </body> </html> The <html> element defines what the website is loading (whether it be an HTML site or PHP, etc) Important: Save your home page as: index.html
  9. 9. <html> <head> <title>Learning Sites</title> </head> <body> The content of the document...... </body> </html> The <head> element must include a title for the document, and can include scripts, styles, meta information etc. It lets the browser know what to load Scripts (Like JQUERY) are called in the “Head” Tag
  10. 10. <html> <head> <title>Learning Sites</title> </head> <body> The content of the document...... </body> </html> The <body> element must includes the content on the physical page. If you are using scripts, you can call the placement of the scripts in the body element. Here is where most of the “actual coding” takes place
  11. 11. Basic HTML Body Tags Formatting Text Tags o <h1> Creates the largest headline/heading o <h6> Creates the smallest headline/heading o <b> or <strong>,Creates bold text / words o <i> or <em> Creates italic text / words o <font size="3"></font> Sets size of font, from 1 to 7 o <font color="green"></font> Sets font color, using name or hex value o <blockquote> Indents text from both sides
  12. 12. Basic HTML Body Tags Formatting Paragraphs Tags o <p>Creates a new paragraph o <p align="left"> Aligns a paragraph to the left (default), right, or center. o <br> Inserts a line break o <ol>Creates a numbered list o <ul>Creates a bulleted list o <li>Precedes each list item, and adds a number or symbol depending upon the type of list selected o <hr /> Inserts a horizontal rule o <hr size="3" /> Sets size (height) of rule o <hr width="80%" /> Sets width of rule, in percentage or absolute value o <hr noshade /> Creates a rule without a shadow
  13. 13. Media HTML Tags Picture Tags o <img src="name"> Adds an image o <img src="name" align="left"> Aligns an image: left, right, center; bottom, top, middle o <img src="name" border="1"> Sets size of border around an image URL Tags o <a href="URL">NAME OF LINK</a> Creates a hyperlink o <a href="mailto:EMAIL">NAME OF LINK</a> Creates a mailto link o <a href="#NAME"></a> Links to that target location from elsewhere in the document (Defining A Book Mark) o <a name="NAME"></a> Creates a target location within a document
  14. 14. Basic Table Tags Formatting Paragraphs Tags Tables • <table></table> Creates a table • <tr></tr> Sets off each row in a table • <td></td> Sets off each cell in a row • <th></th> Sets off the table header (a normal cell with bold, centered text) Table Attributes • <table border="1"> Sets width of border around table cells • <table cellspacing="1"> Sets amount of space between table cells • <table cellpadding="1"> Sets amount of space between a cell’s border and its contents • <table width="500" or "80%"> Sets width of table, in pixels or as a percentage of document width • <tr align="left"> or <td align="left"> Sets alignment for cell(s) (left, center, or right) • <tr valign="top"> or <td valign="top"> Sets vertical alignment for cell(s) (top, middle, or bottom) • <td colspan="2"> Sets number of columns a cell should span (default=1) • <td rowspan="4"> Sets number of rows a cell should span (default=1) • <td nowrap> Prevents the lines within a cell from being broken to fit
  15. 15. Not closing your tags (</TAG>) can ruin your site
  16. 16. Practice Coding http://www.w3schools.com/html/tryit.asp?filename=tryhtml_intro
  17. 17. A Quick Bit About CSS • CSS = Cascading Style Sheets – You can set what “Style” <h1> or <font=1> should be instead of the default sizes / colors. – It can also set the layout of the site, backgrounds, different regions (called <div>’s) – CSS are basically your “template design” • There are free webpage templates available. Google “FREE HTML WEB TEMPLATES”
  18. 18. What’s HTML5 • HTML5 is the latest version of HTML. It – Removes the need for flash objects – Uses “responsive design”
  19. 19. You Mentioned Scripts? • Check out “DynamicDrive.Com” http://www.dynamicdrive.com/dynamicindex10 /matrixeffect.htm#.UjpxXMbbN8E
  20. 20. Live Demo
  21. 21. 1. If you don't have an FTP application, then I recommend that you download and install the following: http://filezilla-project.org/download.php 2. Upload files to your directory (e.g., lastname_firstname). 3. When you begin to work with the FTP client, you will need to enter the following credentials: •REMOVED FOR SLIDESHARE UPLOAD 4. You will need either a text editor (TextEdit on mac or Notepad on PC) or a tool like Dreamweaver. Uploading Files
  22. 22. Homework … • Pick 2 HTML5 tags (experiment with their attributes) and add them to your practice Web site. OR … • Find an interesting site that uses HTML5 and modify it for your needs. {Note: try a search for “HTML5 exercises” and use whatever interests you. http://goo.gl/MUpiM and http://html5demos.com/ are great resources too!} • Test and validate your site at http://validator.w3.org/ • Please take good notes because I’d like to spend some time next week discussing any issues you may have had using HTML5. • Build a simple page (index.html) that describes what you liked in the class and what else you would like to learn. Use at least 5 different tags in the body.
  23. 23. Stay In Contact! • Brian Pichman – bpichman@evolveproject.org – Please email me any questions you may have during the week.

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