Bloom’s taxonomy


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Bloom’s taxonomy

  1. 1. 1Bloom’s TaxonomyDeborah BonitaDenise Thomas
  2. 2. 2Benjamin Bloom•Born: February 21, 1913•Bloom attend the University ofChicago as well asPennsylvania State University•American psychologist who iscredit for developing the Bloom’sTaxonomy Theory.•Developed the six levels oflearning which areknowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, andevaluation.
  3. 3. 3Bloom’s Taxonomy•Created by BenjaminBloom, Bloom’s is used forcategorizing and classifyinglevels of intellectual learning.•Bloom sought to classifylearning behaviors to betterunderstand how knowledge isabsorbed.•There are three domains ofBloom’s Taxonomy: cognitivedomain, affective domain, andpsychomotor domain.
  4. 4. Bloom andMasteryLearning• Bloom believed that all children can learnand aimed to demonstrate that through isresearch• Bloom’s Taxonomy has been linked to theidea and goal of mastery learning• Mastery Learning: a model for learning inwhich students continue to gaininformation and knowledge, workingthrough modules or teacher instructiononly after they have mastered the contentof the previous modules• Bloom believed that all children can learngiven the correct conditions for learningand sufficient time• The principal part of creating the correctconditions for learning is by changing themethods of instruction4
  5. 5. 5Key Peopleinvolved in TheoryLorin Anderson, a former student of Bloom, revisited thecognitive domain in the learning taxonomy in the mid-nineties and made some changes, with perhaps the twomost prominent ones being, 1) changing the names in thesix categories from noun to verb forms, and 2) slightlyrearranging them (Pohl, 2000).5
  6. 6. 6ClassroomImplicationsIn Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Cognitive domain, Bloombelieves there are 6 levels to learning:knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, andevaluation.•In knowledge stage, he believes teacher recite things so thestudents can recall the information.•In comprehension stage, have teachers ask open endedquestions for students to have the freedom to respond how theywant to evaluate comprehension of topic.•In application stage, teacher needs to use concept taught in anew situation so students to apply what they learned to adifferent situation.•In analysis stage, teachers need to give situation to student andhave them come up with how to resolve situation.•In synthesis stage: teacher gives students certain items and askstudents to build something.•In evaluation, teachers should tell their students how they havedone with their work so the students can learn from it.6
  7. 7. 7What Do We thinkabout Theory?We think that Bloom’s TaxonomyTheory is very interesting. Weagree with his 6 different stages ofcognitive domain.7
  8. 8. Skills/LearningObjectives• Knowledge: arrange, repeat, recall, define, list, match,name, order, narrate, describe• Comprehension: summarize, classify, explain, discuss,give examples, identify, translate• Application: apply, demonstrate, solve, change, discover,experiment, interpret, show, present• Analysis: analyze, experiment, examine, compare, contrast,associate, dissect, conclude, test• Synthesis: collect, assemble, compose, develop, design,invent, create, plan, revise, role-play, theorize• Evaluation: compare, assess, contrast, criticize, debate,judge, value, predict, estimate, appraise8Each level builds different learningskills. The higher the level, the moresophisticated the skill. This in turn alsoallows teachers to set the level theyexpect their students to be at whenassessing their work. This word list canbe included in learning objectives setby teachers to move towards masteryof the subject.
  9. 9. 9What the Teacher does with Technologyo Knowledge is Teaching the parts of the Computero Comprehension is Teaching the Students what the Parts of theComputer Doo Application is Teaching the Students how to Apply andDemonstrate the Use of the Computero Analysis is Teaching the Students how the Computer canChange Their Liveso Synthesis is Teaching the Student how to Integrate Everythingthe Computer Can Do into One Elemento Evaluation is Teaching the Student to make a Value Judgmentabout he Computer
  10. 10. 10What the Student Does with Technologyo Knowledge Students know the Parts of the Computero Comprehension Students know what the Parts of theComputer are use for.o Application Students know how to show and presentapplications on the Computero Analysis Students can Associate how the Computer canChange their Lives.o Synthesis Students can Collect Ideas and Compose themon the Computero Evaluation Student can Discriminate between which Ideasare Best to Use
  11. 11. 11Resources, Gary B.. "Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum."Teachers discovering computers: integrating technology anddigital media in the classroom. 6th ed. Boston, Mass.:Thomson/Course Technology, 2010. 375-376. Print.11