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Research into tv documentaries style and influences

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  • 1. Research into TV documentaries style and influences Emily Jones
  • 2. Techniques Direct Cinema • • • • Style of documentary produced in the 1960s Came about as a result of the availability of cheap portable lightweight equipment making it easier to carry around Aimed at objectivity: no narrator, simple fly on the wall techinque by watching people’s lives and events that are happening. Leaving it up to the audience to draw a conclusion. Approach is in direct contrast to the traditional documentaries. Rules of direct cinema: • • • • • No interviews included No rehearsals prior to filming No staging events or commentary No film lights No edits used • • Examples: D A Pennebaker ‘Don’t Look Back’ (1968) Has had a massive influence on reality TV, docu-soaps, video diaries
  • 3. Techniques Cinema Verite • Styles of European film making in the early 1960s using documentary techniques such as hand held camera to convey life as realistically as possible. • Similar to Direct Cinema but CV believe that the film makers opinions should be expressed- art as propaganda. CV uses interviews also whereas DC don’t. • Linked to ‘Social Realist’ tradition fiction film.
  • 4. Techniques Institutional Documentary • Use direct cinema techniques to give a fly on the wall insight to the day to day working life. • Popular genre which is often informative, humorous and sometimes critical in the way in which these places of work are represented.
  • 5. Docusoaps Take ordinary, common experience and look at it through the eyes of the public. Are called Docu-soaps because they are similar to the soap operas in terms of: • Fast editing • Multi-strand narrative • Part of a series often left on a cliff hanger
  • 6. Public Affairs Documentary • Probably the most traditional of documentary formats‘Paranorma’, ‘Dispatches’. • Usually shown by public service broadcasting channels such as BBC, Channel 4 normally discussing or investigating current affairs/issues.
  • 7. Video Diary • Descended from DC, seen by the audiences as reliable and truthful as to the subject that is being filmed themselves. • An off shoot of this are documentaries which use technology as entertainment such as ‘Police, camera, action.’
  • 8. Drama Documentaries These documentaries will be exploring social issues and may be demonstrated in a drama like style to show the issue that is or has happened.
  • 9. Theatrical Documentaries • Film documentaries that are shown in cinemas • This could be about pop stars, famous people, sports etc. • This could be for example like Supersize me, whereby looking at the impacts of fast foods and the day to day life and been created into a movie.
  • 10. Mockumentaries • This is a form of documentary that is created in a comic form, this can be used for children also.