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Research into TV documentaries
style and influences

Emily Jones
Techniques
Direct Cinema
•
•
•
•

Style of documentary produced in the 1960s
Came about as a result of the availability of...
Techniques
Cinema Verite
• Styles of European film making in the early 1960s
using documentary techniques such as hand hel...
Techniques
Institutional Documentary
• Use direct cinema techniques to give a fly on
the wall insight to the day to day wo...
Docusoaps
Take ordinary, common experience and look
at it through the eyes of the public. Are called
Docu-soaps because th...
Public Affairs Documentary
• Probably the most traditional of
documentary formats‘Paranorma’, ‘Dispatches’.
• Usually show...
Video Diary
• Descended from DC, seen by the audiences as
reliable and truthful as to the subject that is
being filmed the...
Drama Documentaries
These documentaries will be
exploring social issues and may be
demonstrated in a drama like style
to s...
Theatrical Documentaries
• Film documentaries that are shown in cinemas
• This could be about pop stars, famous
people, sp...
Mockumentaries
• This is a form of documentary that is created
in a comic form, this can be used for children
also.
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Research into tv documentaries style and influences

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Research into tv documentaries style and influences

  1. 1. Research into TV documentaries style and influences Emily Jones
  2. 2. Techniques Direct Cinema • • • • Style of documentary produced in the 1960s Came about as a result of the availability of cheap portable lightweight equipment making it easier to carry around Aimed at objectivity: no narrator, simple fly on the wall techinque by watching people’s lives and events that are happening. Leaving it up to the audience to draw a conclusion. Approach is in direct contrast to the traditional documentaries. Rules of direct cinema: • • • • • No interviews included No rehearsals prior to filming No staging events or commentary No film lights No edits used • • Examples: D A Pennebaker ‘Don’t Look Back’ (1968) Has had a massive influence on reality TV, docu-soaps, video diaries
  3. 3. Techniques Cinema Verite • Styles of European film making in the early 1960s using documentary techniques such as hand held camera to convey life as realistically as possible. • Similar to Direct Cinema but CV believe that the film makers opinions should be expressed- art as propaganda. CV uses interviews also whereas DC don’t. • Linked to ‘Social Realist’ tradition fiction film.
  4. 4. Techniques Institutional Documentary • Use direct cinema techniques to give a fly on the wall insight to the day to day working life. • Popular genre which is often informative, humorous and sometimes critical in the way in which these places of work are represented.
  5. 5. Docusoaps Take ordinary, common experience and look at it through the eyes of the public. Are called Docu-soaps because they are similar to the soap operas in terms of: • Fast editing • Multi-strand narrative • Part of a series often left on a cliff hanger
  6. 6. Public Affairs Documentary • Probably the most traditional of documentary formats‘Paranorma’, ‘Dispatches’. • Usually shown by public service broadcasting channels such as BBC, Channel 4 normally discussing or investigating current affairs/issues.
  7. 7. Video Diary • Descended from DC, seen by the audiences as reliable and truthful as to the subject that is being filmed themselves. • An off shoot of this are documentaries which use technology as entertainment such as ‘Police, camera, action.’
  8. 8. Drama Documentaries These documentaries will be exploring social issues and may be demonstrated in a drama like style to show the issue that is or has happened.
  9. 9. Theatrical Documentaries • Film documentaries that are shown in cinemas • This could be about pop stars, famous people, sports etc. • This could be for example like Supersize me, whereby looking at the impacts of fast foods and the day to day life and been created into a movie.
  10. 10. Mockumentaries • This is a form of documentary that is created in a comic form, this can be used for children also.

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