• Style of documentary produced in the 1960’s• It came out as a result of widespread availability of cheap, portable, light weight audio visual equipment• It was aimed at objectivity: No narrator, simply ‘Fly on the Wall’ filming of events and people, leaving it up to the viewer to draw conclusions• It’s approach is in direct contrast to the tradition of the ‘authorised documentary’ which is clearly the opinion of an individual
• No rehearsals prior to filming• No staged events or commentary• No film lights• No edits or dissolves• No interviews• Examples: D.A Pennebarker ‘Don’t look back’ (1968) and Albert and David Myres ‘Gimmie Shelter’ (1970)
• Style of European film-making in the early 1960’s using documentary techniques such as hand held camera to convey life in the most realistic way possible.• Similar to direct cinema but cinema verite believed that the film makers opinions should be expressed – ‘art as propaganda’ and also felt interviews should be used where as direct cinema didn’t like those two points.
• Uses Direct camera techniques to give a ‘fly on the wall’ insight to the day – to day workings of hospital, airports etc• Popular genre which is often informative, funny and sometimes critical in the way in which these places of work are represented. E.g. ‘Come fly with me’• They have given way to the popular genre ‘Docusoaps’ however in recent years
• These are very popular – ‘The Cruise’ averaged an 11 million viewers• Common characteristics:• Large emphasis on entertainment rather than instruction• Based around personalities who often ‘play up’ to the camera• They often become celebrities themselves e.g. Jeremy Sparke in ‘Airport’• Prominent, guiding voice-over often by an established actor• They focus on everyday life and problems rather than underlying social issues
• Probably the most traditional documentary formats e.g. ‘panorama’ & ‘dispatches’• Usually shown on more public service broadcasting channels e.g. BBC/Channel 4• They normally explore/investigate current affairs/issues.• Can often be polemical – drawing attention to a perceived wrong – and can have significant impact for example ‘world of action’ investigation leading to the ‘Birmingham 6’
• Again they descended from Direct Cinema• They are seen by audiences as reliable and truthful as the subject is filming themselves.• An off-shoot of these documentaries are the ones which use surveillances camera’s e.g. ‘Cops’
• These are documentaries exploring a social issue or drawing attention to a miscarriage of justice but they are scripted and acted e.g. ‘Hillsborough’ and ‘Roots’(1977)• Film equivalents would be something like ‘Ghandi’ (1982)