Pedagogical patterns

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What are pedagogical patterns, how they could be used in teaching and research.

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Pedagogical patterns

  1. 1. Pedagogical patterns Andrea Valente www.create.aau.dk/av
  2. 2. Education • How can we university professors… ? – support each other • improve/simplify teaching • share best practice • re-use what works but retain ownership professional pride – use it: • feel free to experiment with the teaching • then reflect and research on what happened
  3. 3. Enter: PPP • Pedagogical Pattern Project (1996) http://www.pedagogicalpatterns.org/ • Approach and initial results: – observe and classify strategies for Computer Science courses – found 14 “pedagogical patterns” (as in Christopher Alexander’s Pattern Language [1]) – patterns are described individually, then relations are found • a template for description: NAME, THUMBNAIL, AUDIENCE/CONTEXT, FORCES, SOLUTION, DISCUSSION/ CONSEQUENCES/IMPLEMENTATION, SPECIAL RESOURCES, RELATED PATTERNS
  4. 4. Examples • Early Bird http://csis.pace.edu/~bergin/PedPat1.2.html#earlybird – THUMBNAIL: Teach the most important material, the "big ideas," first (and often) – FORCES: Students need to see where they are headed. They need to see that detail presented early in the course will relate to important ideas. – SOLUTION: A course is mined for its most important ideas. … The ideas, and especially their relationships are introduced at the beginning of the course and are returned to repeatedly throughout the course. … order class topics in order of importance and find ways to teach the most important ideas early. – SPECIAL RESOURCES: Time and deep thought are clearly required. • Tool Box http://csis.pace.edu/~bergin/PedPat1.3.html#toolbox • Mistake http://csis.pace.edu/~bergin/PedPat1.3.html#mistake
  5. 5. State of the PPP now • Online repository: http://193.61.44.29:42042/ODC.html • What is it? The Pedagogical Patterns Collector suite of tools enables teachers to share their good teaching ideas. Demo: try to… use the "browser" mode, for example check "understanding authentic practice" which could be relevant for desing-related subjects
  6. 6. Benefit • in teaching – assess how good patterns work in different subjects • in research – the idea of collecting, classifying and make available best practices is very good -> it can be used as a method
  7. 7. Bib • [1] A pattern language http://www.patternlanguage.com/labyrinth/apltour1.html • [2] Collections of Pedagogical Design Patterns http://www.ldgrid.org/resources/representations-and-languages/designpatterns/patterncollections • [3] Fourteen Pedagogical Patterns http://csis.pace.edu/~bergin/PedPat1.3.html • [4] Pedagogical Pattern Collector http://193.61.44.29:42042/ODC.html

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