•Autocratic: telling / selling
•Democratic: testing or consulting
•Abdicratic: joining or delegating
Evolution of facilitation
1. Experience speaks for itself: learning and doing
2. Speaking for the experience-learning by telling
3. Debriefing the experience-learning through reflection
4. Directly frontloading the experience-direction with
5. Framing the experience-reinforcement with reflection
6. Indirectly frontloading the experience-redirection
How have we
framed or front
Framing the expedition
• Community development
• Environmental / connections with
• Self goals
- group goals for expedition.
- Identify fears, concerns.
- Rank them over time Identify everyone’s physical,
psychological, emotional strength at the start.Community
focus: e.g. Food: group cooking / community
- Move towards abdicratic style when possible
• i.e. leader is part of the group
- Use of questions to probe issues which
-Food: group cooking / community
•Human / Nature relationships
- solo experiences and reflection within
- nightly reflections
• Choose one aspect of the alpine environment
• Devise a creative method of delivering the
information to the rest of the group.
• The session is to be delivered during the
• Some possible topics are;
- ecological history, early European/indigenous history,
flora/fauna, geology, introduced species, history of the
Alpine National Park.
• Facilitate the transference of knowledge
gained to the group members on leadership
• Which day will you lead?
- create a route card for the whole day
- which meal on which day?
- who is to provide?
- dehydrator - keep it moving around the group
• Research topic
- what will you choose?