Momentary perspectives on entrepreneurial learning
Towards sustainable entrepreneurship education
If only there was a better way… Why does it matter? Acknowledgements to the work of E.H Shepard The icons of ‘Pooh’, ‘Piglet’, ‘ Eeyore’, ‘Wol’ and ‘ Christopher Robin’ may (or may not) represent entrepreneurial identities at a subliminal level…
A conceptual model of entrepreneurial learning based on narratives & social constructionism:
Personal and social emergence - entrepreneurial identity
- opportunity & practice through social participation
- creating the venture in
concert with others
Triadic model of entrepreneurial learning: with sub-themes
Enterprise Education Entrepreneurship Leading to Innovation and The Creation of New Value In a Subject Context Development of Personal / Social Skills Self Awareness Action Orientation Strategic Thinking Opportunity Awareness Practical Creativity Collaborative Working Employment Volunteering The Teacher as a facilitator Students given the autonomy to tackle self directed projects and take responsibility for their learning Enterprise embedded across the curricula Pathways of Enterprise Skills A Pedagogical Model Of Enterprise Education
With work from Professor David Rae – Lincoln University Learning Outcomes: Entrepreneurial teaching and learning should encourage the development of following skills: 1. Self Awareness: practitioners are able to understand their own values, experiences, motivations and emotional behaviours and use this knowledge to make changes in themselves. 2. Collaborative Working: Working as part of team sharing knowledge and ideas and networking with others. 3. Practical Creativity: The application of creative techniques to solving problems and generate new value (in a situational context). 4. Opportunity Awareness: The ability to explore opportunities in a range of contexts and react to them. 5. Strategic Thinking: The planning of projects / resources and evaluation of these against outcomes. 6. Action Orientation: The disposition to do; engaging with people and environments to create new value.
Entrepreneurial Learning See article in JSBED, 17.4
Entrepreneurial education in the new era Entrepreneurial Learning Dynamic learning relationships (active, social, connected) Global economic change Learner expectations: Personal, social, active Volatile markets Gov’t policy Changing technology Cultural change Ethics Constrained resources FORMATIVE INFLUENCES CHANGING THEORIES Outcomes: Applying learning Purpose: education economic ideology Content: What is learned Experience: how learning occurs Educators role Green thinking & environmental change
Momentary perspectives: Living & learning in the moment Entrepreneurial Learning
‘ Everything that you do creatively has a moment – moments of coherence and comprehension and great communion – and then things don’t. It just changes.’ Robert Plant, singer, interview in Mojo magazine July 2010.
Moment: ‘a point in time, an instant’; ‘a turning point in a series of events’.
We live in the moment: authentic experience & self-actualisation situated in consciousness between past experience and future anticipation
Creative entrepreneurs make sense and act in the moment, connecting subjective experience with wider context
Momentary perspectives offer new understandings of entrepreneurial learning & behaviour: creativity, transformation, action.
Entrepreneurial Learning Perceiving Generating meaning Acting ‘ Being’ in the moment
Entrepreneurial Learning Generating meaning in ‘the moment’ Experience in the moment Past recollections Future anticipations Narrative or Kairotic time How do past experiences help make sense of the moment? What is likely to happen? What future possibilities & opportunities are there? What action can I take? Awareness through Sensory perceptions* Presence in physical environment Social interactions Behaviours Talk Insights Creativity Intuition Learning Meaning * Sensory perceptions: Visual, hearing, touch taste, smell Experiential memory Prospective imagination Emotions
Entrepreneurial Learning Types of entrepreneurial moments Incident! Creative Idea Inspiration Opportunity Problem Future possibility Innovation Encounter Social interaction Meeting Discovery New knowledge Learning
Entrepreneurial Learning Responding in the moment Judgement! Creative Idea Inspiration Opportunity Problem Future possibility Innovation Encounter Social interaction Meeting Discovery New knowledge Learning Emotion Feelings Positive: liking, pleasure, trust Negative: fear, dislike Cognition Add to/draw on memory New knowledge Learning Identity Being: who you are & aspire to be Narrative: story you tell Action Knowing what & how to act Behaviour Impact & self-awareness