Wg robert arnkil - Youth Entrepreneurship


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Wg robert arnkil - Youth Entrepreneurship

  1. 1. Youth Entrepreneurship Towards enterprising skills and attitudes in any career Robert Arnkil and Eddy Adams OECD LEED Forum, Stockholm Thu 24th April 2014
  2. 2. The traditional way • Waiting for the job to land on you The new ecology • Creating the job, enterprising, ’carv ing it out’, forming networks, connecting to workplaces We need a new understanding how employment is created
  3. 3. Young people need enterprising skills and attitudes – whether they are aiming for a salaried career, self-employment or setting up an enterprise These skills are built everywhere – homes, hobbies, ’activities’, education, with peers, further training, work practice and in work
  4. 4. Working life has changed Working life and careers are full of transitions and have become more and more ’hybrid’ Hybrid = Combined, multi-purpose, multi-task… Hybrid work: Work requires combinations of skills: technical, human relations, self- management, digital, enterprising… Hybrid careers: : altering between salaried and entrepreneurial phases, self-employment, co-ops… These kinds of skills can develop everywhere
  5. 5. Basic stages of education Entrepreneurial training Aiming for long salaried careers Enterprise and self-employment Salaried work and professions Traditional training and careers Work practice Work practice
  6. 6. Basic stages of education ’Hybrid’ training for hybrid careers ’Hybrid’ training and careers Work practice Work practice Co-op Salaried Both Both Entrepreneurial Self-employment Business participation Brokerage Peer learning Learning spaces
  7. 7. What are the key barriers to youth entrepreneurship? some examples... 1. Concept: Narrow and traditional understanding 2. Tradition: Working life is mostly understood as salaried work, where careers and work are in fact becoming more and more ‘hybrid’ 3. Curricuulms: Training and support for employment is divided, split into different ‘routes’, instead of an integrated approach 4. Security: Gaps, pitfalls and bureaucracies in social security 5. Incubation: Inadequate ‘spaces’ to develop ideas and try one’s wings 6. Brokerage: Weak connections to entrepreneurs, role models and peers as brokers
  8. 8. How to smartly scale-up support for youth entrepreneurship? 1. Integrated concept of enterprising and entrepreneurship • Good ‘learning spaces’ for developing enterprising skills and attitudes • Local partnerships are in a key role to develop an overall approach in providing spaces, brokerage and good transitions • Young people need to be a real cocreation force in transforming education, counselling and business support – and learn to be active in this participation • The business community needs to articulate their needs, provide spaces and brokerage, and participate in cocreation • We need skilful brokers of many ‘species’: cultural and street savvy brokers, facilitators, specialists, people with experience of different ‘worlds’ and able to move sideways and vertically
  9. 9. Thanks for listening! Robert Arnkil Robert.arnkil@armas.fi www.arnkildialogues