Roll no. 3
B.S English 3rd
A seminar is, generally, a form of academic
instruction, either at an academic institution or offered by
a commercial or professional organization. It has the
function of bringing together small groups for recurring
meetings, focusing each time on some particular subject,
in which everyone present is requested to actively
A seminar is a type of meeting in which
people give views about the topic. It is conducted mainly
for the discussion.
At university or college level a small group of students
discuss the topic in the presence of a teacher but here the
role of the teacher is only to conduct the students.
Purposes of seminar presentation:
Following are some of the purposes of seminar:
To deepen and develop students’ understanding of
the topics being studied.
To enhance academic skills such as critical
evaluation and argument building.
To allow students to practise a wide range of
‘transferable’ or ‘key’ skills, such as communication
skills and group working.
To present data or result for research and finding.
To introduce a subject for discussion or exchange of
To create an awareness.
How a seminar should be presented?
While presenting a seminar following points should be
kept in mind:
Seminar should be as interesting as possible.
Seminar should be as brief as possible.
Seminar should be as simple as possible.
Seminar should be as memorable as possible.
What should be included in a
To present a good and effective seminar following
points should be present while presenting a seminar:
4.Results and Discussion
Abstract is the brief summary of the
whole presentation of the seminar. It should be designed
in such a way that the attention of the audience is
attracted. We should open the topic in such a way that it
creates interest in audience.
It is further divided into four parts:
The subject and object of the
research is introduced to the audience. Following points
must be discussed in introduction
i. What is the problem?
ii. Why is it so important?
iii. What is known (from literature)?
iv. What does one expect by doing the research?
v. How would your research benefit the society?
Methodology informs the audience
i. What important materials were used in your
experiment or research?
ii. Where did you get them from?
iii. How did you plan your experiments or research?
iv. What methods did you used for the analysis?
v. Any statistical analysis used?
4. Results and discussion:
discussion should have the following elements:
i. What did you find? ( may be presented in the form
of table or figures )
ii. Any problems in achieving your objectives?
iii. How do your results compare with others?
iv. How significant are your results in adding to the pool
of knowledge about the subject?
Conclusion should be very brief and
should remind the audience of:
i. What you have been telling them.
ii. It should highlight your important findings.
iii. It should tell the audience where you think you
should add a new thing.
iv. Shouldn`t remain thirsty.
Encourages students to learn actively and to
participate in class.
Provides a forum for deeper and more critical
engagement with a topic.
Allows the tutor to give feedback and support to
Requires the students to take responsibility for their
own preparation and learning.
Facilitates collaboration and group
Develops many forms of communication, analytical and
Allows a greater amount of interaction between teacher
and students – it is the place you get to know your
Allows students to explore a topic and, guided by the
learning outcomes for the course, take responsibility for
their own learning.
Requires significant investment of resources, especially
Depends on the facilitation skills of the tutor and so
may be variable in quality.
Needs to be organized and well managed to allow
discussion but to also ensure that the specific learning
outcomes for the session are met.
Requires all students to participate (even shy or quiet
people) and be encouraged and supported to do so.
This may be a particular issue if some students are non-
native English speakers and less confident to speak.
May be less effective if all students do not prepare
Tips for a good seminar:
To present a good seminar one should follow these
Leave nothing to chance.
Know exactly how to start.
Get straight to the point.
Talk to your audience.
Know what works.
Know your audience.
Treat your audience as equals.
Take your time.
Don`t make special efforts to be funny.
Let your visuals speak for themselves.
Develop your own style.
Enjoy the experience.
Welcome questions from your audience.