An environmental
   riff -- where
technology fits in
        Tom Raftery
       blog: tomrafteryit.net
     blog: synergym...
Background


• Social media?
• Building a Data Centre
 • Cork Internet eXchange (CIX)
   • First in Ireland outside Dublin
Geek Porn!
Geek Porn!
Geek Porn!
Geek Porn!
Geek Porn!
Geek Porn!
Geek Porn!
Geek Porn!
Energy Efficiency?
Energy Efficiency?

• Data Centre costs
 • Staffing
 • Connectivity
 • Energy
   • => focus on energy
Energy efficient DC
               Standard DC   CIX
                  33%        12%
   Chiller
                   3%     ...
National Energy picture

       Electricity
                     Wind Energy   Wind
        Demand



       5GW max      ...
National Energy picture

       Electricity
                     Wind Energy   Wind
        Demand



       10GW max     ...
The Problem!



• Wind energy de-stabilises
• Grid infrastructure max’d
 • 2GW outstanding
Wind supply problems
out of sync




Wind Supply    Energy Demand
2007 energy situation

       Electricity
                     Wind Energy   Wind
        Demand



       5GW max       0...
2025 energy situation

       Electricity
                     Wind Energy   Wind
        Demand



       10GW max      6...
2025 energy situation




                                   s
                               arm
       Electricity
     ...
3 Energy strategies



• Build a hyper energy-efficient DC
• Network data centres
• Energy Demand Management
DC Power Network


• Network DC Power systems
• Generate power by day, consume
  surplus power by night
• Give control of ...
More Geek Porn!
Energy Demand
 Management


• Can’t control supply
 • => Control demand
 • => Energy Demand
   Management (EDM)
EDM Incentives



  • Single Energy Market
   • Reduced energy costs
   • Reduced carbon footprint
EDM Strategies



 • Demand reduction
 • Energy time-shift
 • Demand stimulation
Demand reduction



  • Diesel Generators
  • Heating and
  • Cooling Thermostat Control
Energy time-shift


  • Refrigeration
  • Ice Bank Air Conditioning
  • Storage heating
  • Smart Domestic Appliances
Demand Stimulation



   • Swimming Pool Heating
   • Plug In Hybrid Vehicles
   • H2 production
Last bit of Geek Porn!
Synergy Module
                             Eirgrid
                              NCC


                             Syner...
Conclusion


• Wind power has massive
  potential
• Wreaks havoc on grid
• EDM can counter the instability
 • => Greater u...
Final Word
References

•   Uptime Institute - upsite.com

•   APC - apc.com

•   GE - ge.com

•   CIX Energy Efficiency White Paper - ...
Thanks
 Tom Raftery

 Blogs: cix.ie
      tomrafteryit.net
      synergymodule.com

 Email: tom@tomrafteryit.net
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Energy Demand Management talk for Le Web3

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This is the presentation I gave at the Le Web3 conference on Energy Demand Management.

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Transcript of "Energy Demand Management talk for Le Web3 "

  1. 1. An environmental riff -- where technology fits in Tom Raftery blog: tomrafteryit.net blog: synergymodule.com blog: cix.ie podcast: podleaders.com email: tom@tomrafteryit.net
  2. 2. Background • Social media? • Building a Data Centre • Cork Internet eXchange (CIX) • First in Ireland outside Dublin
  3. 3. Geek Porn!
  4. 4. Geek Porn!
  5. 5. Geek Porn!
  6. 6. Geek Porn!
  7. 7. Geek Porn!
  8. 8. Geek Porn!
  9. 9. Geek Porn!
  10. 10. Geek Porn!
  11. 11. Energy Efficiency?
  12. 12. Energy Efficiency? • Data Centre costs • Staffing • Connectivity • Energy • => focus on energy
  13. 13. Energy efficient DC Standard DC CIX 33% 12% Chiller 3% <1% Humidifier 9% 4% CRAC 30% 80% IT Equipment 5% 0.01% PDU 18% <2% UPS 1% <1% Lighting 1% 1% Switch Gear
  14. 14. National Energy picture Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 5GW max 0.9GW max 6.5% 2006 avg 1.8GW min 0.0GW min
  15. 15. National Energy picture Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 10GW max 6.3GW max 33% 2025 avg 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min
  16. 16. The Problem! • Wind energy de-stabilises • Grid infrastructure max’d • 2GW outstanding
  17. 17. Wind supply problems
  18. 18. out of sync Wind Supply Energy Demand
  19. 19. 2007 energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 5GW max 0.9GW max 2006 6.5% 1.8GW min 0.0GW min
  20. 20. 2025 energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 10GW max 6.3GW max 2025 33% 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min
  21. 21. 2025 energy situation s arm Electricity Wind Energy Wind nd f Demand i ff w ut o 10GW max 6.3GW max 2025 33% ’t sh 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min Can
  22. 22. 3 Energy strategies • Build a hyper energy-efficient DC • Network data centres • Energy Demand Management
  23. 23. DC Power Network • Network DC Power systems • Generate power by day, consume surplus power by night • Give control of network to TSO • TSO can now buy more wind power
  24. 24. More Geek Porn!
  25. 25. Energy Demand Management • Can’t control supply • => Control demand • => Energy Demand Management (EDM)
  26. 26. EDM Incentives • Single Energy Market • Reduced energy costs • Reduced carbon footprint
  27. 27. EDM Strategies • Demand reduction • Energy time-shift • Demand stimulation
  28. 28. Demand reduction • Diesel Generators • Heating and • Cooling Thermostat Control
  29. 29. Energy time-shift • Refrigeration • Ice Bank Air Conditioning • Storage heating • Smart Domestic Appliances
  30. 30. Demand Stimulation • Swimming Pool Heating • Plug In Hybrid Vehicles • H2 production
  31. 31. Last bit of Geek Porn!
  32. 32. Synergy Module Eirgrid NCC Synergy Module NCC Synergy Synergy Synergy Synergy Module Module Module Module Diesel Refrigeration Ice Bank PIHV Generator
  33. 33. Conclusion • Wind power has massive potential • Wreaks havoc on grid • EDM can counter the instability • => Greater use of wind energy
  34. 34. Final Word
  35. 35. References • Uptime Institute - upsite.com • APC - apc.com • GE - ge.com • CIX Energy Efficiency White Paper - www.cix.ie/air- conditioning-efficiency-at-the-cix-data-centre • Synergy Module - synergymodule.com • Eirgrid - eirgrid.ie
  36. 36. Thanks Tom Raftery Blogs: cix.ie tomrafteryit.net synergymodule.com Email: tom@tomrafteryit.net
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