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Reducing our Carbon
                 Footprint
                                Tom Raftery
                               blog: tomrafteryit.net
                             blog: synergymodule.com
                                     blog: cix.ie
                              podcast: podleaders.com
                            email: tom@tomrafteryit.net

Wednesday 7 November 2007                                 1
Background


              • Social media?
              • Building a Data Centre
                  • Cork Internet eXchange (CIX)
                      • First in Ireland outside Dublin




Wednesday 7 November 2007                                 2
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                3
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                4
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                5
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                6
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                7
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                8
Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                9
Influencing factors

                  • Controlling DC running costs
                      • Staffing - reasonably controllable
                      • Connectivity - decreasing
                      • Energy - increasing
                            • => focus on energy



Wednesday 7 November 2007                                   10
Current energy
                               situation

                            Electricity
                                          Wind Energy   Wind
                             Demand



                            5GW max       0.9GW max
                                                        6.5%
            2006
                                                        avg
                            1.8GW min      0.0GW min




Wednesday 7 November 2007                                      11
2025 energy situation

                            Electricity
                                          Wind Energy   Wind
                             Demand



                            10GW max      6.3GW max
                                                        33%
            2025
                                                        avg
                            3.6 GW min     0.0GW min




Wednesday 7 November 2007                                      12
The Problem!


                      • Wind energy de-stabilises grid
                      • Current grid infrastructure can’t take
                        any more
                            • Currently 2GW outstanding




Wednesday 7 November 2007                                        13
Wind Energy supply




Wednesday 7 November 2007                14
Energy Demand




Wednesday 7 November 2007                   15
Current energy
              situation - problematic

                            Electricity
                                          Wind Energy   Wind
                             Demand



                            5GW max       0.9GW max
            2006                                        6.5%
                            1.8GW min      0.0GW min




Wednesday 7 November 2007                                      16
2025 energy situation

                            Electricity
                                          Wind Energy   Wind
                             Demand



                            10GW max      6.3GW max
            2025                                        33%
                            3.6 GW min     0.0GW min



Wednesday 7 November 2007                                      17
2025 energy situation

                            Electricity
                                          Wind Energy   Wind
                             Demand



                            10GW max      6.3GW max
            2025                                        33%
                            3.6 GW min     0.0GW min



Wednesday 7 November 2007                                      18
Also Climate Change




Wednesday 7 November 2007               19
3 Energy strategies



                      • Build a hyper energy-efficient DC
                      • Network data centres
                      • Energy Demand Management




Wednesday 7 November 2007                                  20
Energy efficient DC

                                Standard DC   CIX
                                   33%         12%
                     Chiller
                                    3%         <1%
                  Humidifier
                                    9%          4%
                     CRAC
                                   30%         80%
                 IT Equipment
                                    5%        0.01%
                      PDU
                                   18%         <2%
                      UPS
                                    1%         <1%
                    Lighting
                                    1%          1%
                  Switch Gear

Wednesday 7 November 2007                             21
DC Power Network

                      • Create a Data Centre power network
                      • Network generates power for grid by
                        day and pulls surplus power from grid
                        by night
                      • Give control of network to Eirgrid
                      • Eirgrid can now buy more wind power



Wednesday 7 November 2007                                       22
More Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                     23
More Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                     24
Energy Demand
                             Management


                            • Can’t control supply
                             • => Control demand
                             • => Energy Demand
                               Management



Wednesday 7 November 2007                            25
Energy Demand
                             Management


                             • Energy Reduction
                              • Diesel Generators
                              • Heating and Cooling
                                Thermostat Control



Wednesday 7 November 2007                             26
Energy Demand
                             Management

                             • Energy Time Shift
                              • Refrigeration
                              • Ice Bank Air Conditioning
                              • Storage heating
                              • Smart Domestic Appliances


Wednesday 7 November 2007                                   27
Energy Demand
                             Management

                             • Energy Demand Stimulation
                              • Swimming Pool Heating
                                (via Heat Pump)
                              • Plug In Hybrid Vehicles
                                (Toyota Prius 2009)
                              • H2 production


Wednesday 7 November 2007                                  28
Energy Demand
              Management Incentives


                            • Single Energy Market
                             • Dynamic energy pricing
                             • Reduced energy bills
                            • Reduced carbon footprint



Wednesday 7 November 2007                                29
More Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                     30
More Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                     31
Synergy Module
                                             Eirgrid
                                              NCC


                                             Synergy
                                             Module
                                              NCC


         Synergy              Synergy                  Synergy    Synergy
         Module               Module                   Module     Module


          Diesel
                             Refrigeration             Ice Bank    PIHV
         Generator



Wednesday 7 November 2007                                                   32
Conclusion


                            • Wind power has massive
                              potential
                            • Wreaks havoc on grid
                            • EDM can counter the instability
                             • => Greater use of wind energy



Wednesday 7 November 2007                                       33
Last bit of Geek Porn!




Wednesday 7 November 2007                34
References

                            •   Uptime Institute - upsite.com

                            •   APC - apc.com

                            •   GE - ge.com

                            •   CIX Energy Efficiency White Paper - www.cix.ie/air-
                                conditioning-efficiency-at-the-cix-data-centre

                            •   Synergy Module - synergymodule.com

                            •   Eirgrid - eirgrid.ie




Wednesday 7 November 2007                                                            35
Thanks

                                   Tom Raftery

                             Blog: www.tomrafteryit.net
                            Podcast: www.podleaders.com

                            Email: tom@tomrafteryit.net

Wednesday 7 November 2007                                 36

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Reducing our carbon footprint

  • 1. Reducing our Carbon Footprint Tom Raftery blog: tomrafteryit.net blog: synergymodule.com blog: cix.ie podcast: podleaders.com email: tom@tomrafteryit.net Wednesday 7 November 2007 1
  • 2. Background • Social media? • Building a Data Centre • Cork Internet eXchange (CIX) • First in Ireland outside Dublin Wednesday 7 November 2007 2
  • 3. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 3
  • 4. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 4
  • 5. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 5
  • 6. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 6
  • 7. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 7
  • 8. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 8
  • 9. Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 9
  • 10. Influencing factors • Controlling DC running costs • Staffing - reasonably controllable • Connectivity - decreasing • Energy - increasing • => focus on energy Wednesday 7 November 2007 10
  • 11. Current energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 5GW max 0.9GW max 6.5% 2006 avg 1.8GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 11
  • 12. 2025 energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 10GW max 6.3GW max 33% 2025 avg 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 12
  • 13. The Problem! • Wind energy de-stabilises grid • Current grid infrastructure can’t take any more • Currently 2GW outstanding Wednesday 7 November 2007 13
  • 14. Wind Energy supply Wednesday 7 November 2007 14
  • 15. Energy Demand Wednesday 7 November 2007 15
  • 16. Current energy situation - problematic Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 5GW max 0.9GW max 2006 6.5% 1.8GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 16
  • 17. 2025 energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 10GW max 6.3GW max 2025 33% 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 17
  • 18. 2025 energy situation Electricity Wind Energy Wind Demand 10GW max 6.3GW max 2025 33% 3.6 GW min 0.0GW min Wednesday 7 November 2007 18
  • 19. Also Climate Change Wednesday 7 November 2007 19
  • 20. 3 Energy strategies • Build a hyper energy-efficient DC • Network data centres • Energy Demand Management Wednesday 7 November 2007 20
  • 21. Energy efficient DC Standard DC CIX 33% 12% Chiller 3% <1% Humidifier 9% 4% CRAC 30% 80% IT Equipment 5% 0.01% PDU 18% <2% UPS 1% <1% Lighting 1% 1% Switch Gear Wednesday 7 November 2007 21
  • 22. DC Power Network • Create a Data Centre power network • Network generates power for grid by day and pulls surplus power from grid by night • Give control of network to Eirgrid • Eirgrid can now buy more wind power Wednesday 7 November 2007 22
  • 23. More Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 23
  • 24. More Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 24
  • 25. Energy Demand Management • Can’t control supply • => Control demand • => Energy Demand Management Wednesday 7 November 2007 25
  • 26. Energy Demand Management • Energy Reduction • Diesel Generators • Heating and Cooling Thermostat Control Wednesday 7 November 2007 26
  • 27. Energy Demand Management • Energy Time Shift • Refrigeration • Ice Bank Air Conditioning • Storage heating • Smart Domestic Appliances Wednesday 7 November 2007 27
  • 28. Energy Demand Management • Energy Demand Stimulation • Swimming Pool Heating (via Heat Pump) • Plug In Hybrid Vehicles (Toyota Prius 2009) • H2 production Wednesday 7 November 2007 28
  • 29. Energy Demand Management Incentives • Single Energy Market • Dynamic energy pricing • Reduced energy bills • Reduced carbon footprint Wednesday 7 November 2007 29
  • 30. More Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 30
  • 31. More Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 31
  • 32. Synergy Module Eirgrid NCC Synergy Module NCC Synergy Synergy Synergy Synergy Module Module Module Module Diesel Refrigeration Ice Bank PIHV Generator Wednesday 7 November 2007 32
  • 33. Conclusion • Wind power has massive potential • Wreaks havoc on grid • EDM can counter the instability • => Greater use of wind energy Wednesday 7 November 2007 33
  • 34. Last bit of Geek Porn! Wednesday 7 November 2007 34
  • 35. References • Uptime Institute - upsite.com • APC - apc.com • GE - ge.com • CIX Energy Efficiency White Paper - www.cix.ie/air- conditioning-efficiency-at-the-cix-data-centre • Synergy Module - synergymodule.com • Eirgrid - eirgrid.ie Wednesday 7 November 2007 35
  • 36. Thanks Tom Raftery Blog: www.tomrafteryit.net Podcast: www.podleaders.com Email: tom@tomrafteryit.net Wednesday 7 November 2007 36