- Period between late teens
and mid- to late 20s when
individuals are not
adolescents but are not yet
Exploration of career, self-identity
Biological and Physiological
development trends peak.
Brain development continues in
Risk for certain mental problems
Is movement into the
next stage of
development marked by
assumption of new
Some components of role transitions in
Going to College
Going to College
Students start acting and thinking like adults
because of advances in intellectual
development and personal and social identity.
Much of this developmental changes occurs
through social interaction.
Returning adult students
College students over age 25.
Implies that these individual have already reached
Tend to be problem solvers, self-directed, may
have increased stress due to work-family-school
conflict, and have relevant life experiences that
they can integrate with their course work.
So when do people become
- There is no definite answer. The
transition depends on numerous cultural and
- Challenges faced by many adults in their
20s have been termed as “ quarterlife crisis ”
- Adjustment to adulthood is more difficult
when the process of transition is less clear.
Smoking is the biggest contributor
to health problems. One is never too
old to quit smoking.
For most people, drinking alcohol
poses few health risks.
*Binge Drinking – type of
drinking defined for men as
consuming 5 or more
drinks in a row and for
women as consuming 4 or
more drinks in a row.
*Addiction – physical
dependence on a substance like
Nutritional needs change somewhat during
adulthood, mostly due to changes in
Metabolism – how much energy the body needs
The ratio of LDLs (Low-Density Lipoproteins-chemicals
that cause fatty deposits to accumulate in arteries,
impeding blood flow) to HDLs (High-Density
Lipoproteins-chemicals that help keep arteries clear
and break down LDLs) in serum cholesterol, which can
be controlled through diet or medication, is an
important risk factor of cardiovascular disease.
Body Mass Index (BMI)
Ratio of body weight and height and is related
to total body fat
You can compute BMI as follows:
BMI = w/h²
w – weight in kg
h – height in meters
The two most important social factors in
health are socioeconomic status and
The poorest health conditions exist for
African Americans living in poor, inner city
neighborhoods. Other ethnic groups with
limited access to health care also suffer.
Higher education is associated with better
health and more knowledge about proper
diet and lifestyle.
Whether women or men are healthier is
difficult to answer because women have been
excluded from much health research.