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Assessment of Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage Facilities of South Begunbari Slum through PRA Method and Proposing Upgrading Scheme
 

Assessment of Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage Facilities of South Begunbari Slum through PRA Method and Proposing Upgrading Scheme

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This PPT presents techniques of assessing the present state of water supply situation, sanitation condition and drainage system of an area by using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) method. South ...

This PPT presents techniques of assessing the present state of water supply situation, sanitation condition and drainage system of an area by using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) method. South Begunbari Slum, Dhaka has been selected as the study area for this study. Several participatory planning tools have been adopted in course of the study for determining the present scenario of the previously mentioned utility facilities in the selected study area. Finally some recommendations have been specified to develop the over-all condition. Local people’s participation has been ensured to the maximum limit during the study. Bottom-up approach of planning through PRA method has been demonstrated here. Existing scenario, local peoples vision and assessment of the prescribed needs with regards to the country standard has been also performed.

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    Assessment of Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage Facilities of South Begunbari Slum through PRA Method and Proposing Upgrading Scheme Assessment of Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage Facilities of South Begunbari Slum through PRA Method and Proposing Upgrading Scheme Presentation Transcript

    • Welcome to The PresentationImprovement of Water Supply , Sanitation and Drainage facilities of South Begunbari Slum Presented by: Group 06 Afia Sultana Shanta (0615002) Nabila Nur Kuhu (0615009) Tazrina Habib Ananya (0615019)Course No. Plan-412 Shahadat Hossain Shakil (0615020)Course Name: Participatory Planning Studio Khalid Bin Abdul Quader (0615030)Dept. of Urban and Regional Planning, BUET
    • Objectives of the study To explore the present condition of Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage facilities of South Begunbari Slum. To identify the problems related to Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage and their corresponding causes and effects. To provide some proposals for the improved Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage provision of South Begunbari slum.
    • Methodology of the study Formulation of Objectives Selection of Study Area Transect Walk and Time line Study area profile Social and Resource Map Present status of the facilities Flood MapDaily Activity Schedule & Seasonal Diagram Variation in Demand Process Map Management of facilities Venn Diagram Institutional relationship Pair wise ranking of causes Identification of problems, causes Cause -Effect Diagram and effects Dream Map Need assessment Analysis and Proposals
    • Study Area ProfileLocation Located at Ward No. 37 Hatir Jheel Lake at Eastern side Tejgaon industrial area at Western side Shahid Tajuddin Ahmed Sharani at Southern side North Begun Bari at Northern side South Begunbari SlumFig. Ward Map of Dhaka City Source: Google Map( Satellite)
    • Historical BackgroundSlum: South Begunbari Time line Date: 27th September, 2011Year EventBefore 1945 Badda Taltola to Sonargaon Square was termed as “Flood Zone”, used for agricultural purpose1945 British army made camp in the student hostel of Polytechnic Institute. The inhabitants forced to make new housing in their agricultural land because of this camp.1980 Initiation of “Pataton Ghar”. No Electricity, Water and Gas connection during this period. House rent was within 150-300 taka, Only Pucca houses had Electricity connection.1988 Severe flood ,15 feet high, Rapid development because of declaring Tejgaon industrial area1992 Establishment of the mosque.1996 Fire hazard – 42 houses burnt away.1998 Severe flood with long detention period, Fire hazard – 50/52 houses diminished.2002 Minor flood caused serious water logging.2005 Nearest 14 storied building established.2008 Acquisition of land by Bangladesh Army for the “Begunbari-Hatirjheel” Project without notice.2000-2010 Construction of contemporary houses in South Begunbari.2010 5 storied building collapse on nearby tin shed – death of 20 people. Fire hazard – 100 house burnt away, Hatir Jheel link road construction started. House rent 1500-3000 per room.Participants: Abdul Hannan, Nijam Uddin, Md. Hazrat Ali, Md. Liton and Others
    • Historical Background At the initial period this area was used for agricultural purpose. Gradually turned into a residential area for increasing housing demand by surrounding industrial area. Flood hazard caused serious damage in this area in several years. Inhabitants used “Pataton Ghar” technique , structures were built at least 10 feet above the ground. In recent years more threatening problem was the fire hazard and building collapse. Hatir Jheel Project acquired majority of its area past extent. New houses were constructed in the last two years with Tin and Wood.
    • General Description of the Study Area  Transect Walk North-South Section East-West Section Slum: South Begunbari 27 Sep, 2011Slum: South Begunbari 27 Sep., 2011Participants: Md. Faruque, Saiful, Md. Roni, Md. Mamun, Md. Akash, Md. Saki, Abdur Participants: Md. Faruque, Saiful, Md. Roni, Md. Mamun,Rahim Md. Akash, Md. Saki,Facilitators: Shakil, Ananya, Kuhu, Shanta and Khalid Facilitators: Shakil, Ananya, Kuhu, Shanta and Khalid
    • General Description of the Study Area Housing Pattern• Comprises of 20 tin-shed houses with• No significant gap between two houses• Poor living condition• 25 households in each houseRoad• Situated by the side of Hatir jheel Link road• Three access roads of 5-6 feet Two grocery Shops No Open SpaceHas the provision of electricity, gas and water supply
    • Present Condition of the FacilitiesSocial Map and Resource MapSlum: South Begunbari Date: 27th September, 2011
    • Present Condition of the Facilities Water Supply• Common Tube wells for a group of houses• Legal Water Supply from WASA• One tube well for 50 householdsSanitationCommon Toilets for a group of houses Sanitary latrine in maximum houses One toilets for 10 households
    • Present Condition of the FacilitiesDrainage• Piped drainage system• Both covered and open drainsFlood Map•The last end of the roads get flooded during heavy rainfall
    • Variation in DemandVariation in Daily Demand - Daily Activity Schedule Slum: South Begunbari 19 October, 2011 Water Supply• Availability of Water• Waiting time for Water• Daily Demand Sanitation• Daily Demand• Waiting Time
    • Variation in Demand Seasonal Variation in Demand - Seasonal Diagram Slum: South Begunbari 19 October, 2011• Availability of Water• Adjacent Water Source• Quality of Water• Waterborne Diseases• Water Demand• Condition of Toilet• Water Logging
    • Management of facilities  Hierarchical Process of Water Supply - Process MapSlum: South Begunbari Process Map of Water Supply & Payment System November, 2011
    • Institutional RelationshipSlum: South Begunbari Venn Diagram 10 November, 2011 Co- Party Operati Club ves MP Mast WC an South Begunbari Slum Govt NGO Service Manager Legend: Inflow Owner Outflow Size of the circle indicate the influences of the individual or institution Distance of the circle indicate the physical distance Width of the arrows indicates strength of relationship
    • Assessment of Problems, Effects and CausesProblems and Causes
    • Assessment of Problems, Effects and Causes Pair-wise Ranking (Water supply)Slum: South Begunbari 10 November, 2011 1.Insufficient 2.Insufficient 3.Leakage 4.High 5.Bad quality Frequ Causes water supply no. of taps in pipe demand of supplied -ency in peak Water1. Insufficient X 2 1 4 2 3 water supply2. Insufficient 2 X 2 2 6 8 no. of taps3. Leakage in 1 2 X 4 0 0 pipe4.High demand 4 2 4 X 4 6 in peak5. Bad quality of supplied 1 2 5 4 X 1 water Participants: Joj mia, Nargis, Md. Roni Participants: Joj mia, Nargis, Md. Roni
    • Assessment of Problems, Effects and Causes Pair-wise Ranking (Sanitation)Slum: South Begunbari 10 November, 2011 1. High demand 2. Lack of 3. Insufficient Frequency Causes in peak maintenance no. of toilets1. High demand X 2 3 0 in peak2. Lack of 2 X 3 2 maintenance3. Insufficient no. 3 3 X 4 of toiletsParticipants: Joj mia, Nargis, Md. Roni Participants: Joj mia, Nargis, Md. Roni
    • Assessment of Problems, Effects and Causes Pair-wise Ranking (Drainage) Slum: South Begunbari 10 November, 2011 Causes 1. Overflow of 2. Heavy rainfall Frequency sewage 1. Overflow of X 1 2 sewage 2. Heavy rainfall 1 X 0 Participants: Joj mia, Nargis, Md. Roni Participants: Joj mia, Nargis, Md. Roni
    • Assessment of Problems, Effects and CausesSlum: South Begunbari Cause Effect Diagram 10 November , 2011
    • Need Assessment and Proposal Dream Map Comparison of the Needs of dwellers and the Standards of DPHE Proposals for Improving Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage Provision • Water Supply • Sanitation • Drainage • Management and Maintenance
    • Dream Map
    • Need Assessment and ProposalTable: Existing, Needed and Proposed Provision of Water Supply SI No. No. of No. of Existing No. Needed No. Standard No. Proposed No. Remark Storey Households of Water of Water of Water of New Water Point (TW) Point Point Point 1 1 9 TW-1 1 1 1 ATN 3 3 24 TW-2 2 3 1 ATS,SC 4 2 8 TW-1 1 1 0 SC 5 2 24 TW-2 2 3 2 ATN 7 2 48 TW-2 2 5 2 ATN 8 3 44 TW-2 2 5 2 ATN 9 2 90 TW-4 10 9 2 SC 10 2 36 TW-2 3 4 1 SC 11-16 1 98 TW-2 3 10 3 SC 17 2 20 TW-1 1 2 1 ATN 18 2 23 TW-1 1 3 1 ATN 19 3 40 TW-1 2 4 2 ATN 20 2 22 TW-1 1 3 1 ATN
    • Need Assessment and ProposalTable: Existing, Needed and Proposed Provision of Sanitation and Drainage SI No. of No. of Existing Needed Standard Proposed Remarks Existing Needed No. Storey Household No. of No. of No. of No. of Drainage Drainage s Toilet Toilet Toilet New Facility Facility P/K Toilets C/O N/M & S/U 1 1 9 P-1 1 3 1 ATN,SC C&S - 3 3 24 K-3 2 7 2 ATN,SC C&S - 4 2 8 K-1 1 2 1 ATN,SC O&U M 5 2 24 P-6 2 6 0 SC C&S - 7 2 48 P-9 1 12 1 SC C&S - 8 3 44 P-8 1 11 1 ATN,SC C&S - 9 2 90 P-9 5 23 2 SC C&S M 10 2 36 P-3 2 9 1 SC O&U N11-16 1 98 P-6 4 25 3 SC O&U N 17 2 20 P-2 2 5 1 SC C&S - 18 2 23 P-2 2 6 2 ATN C&S - 19 3 40 P-3 2 10 2 ATN C&S - 20 2 22 P-3 2 6 2 ATN C&S -
    • Proposals Water Supply• To establish one or two new tube wells / water points. Sanitation• To built one or two more toilets for each houses for male and female.• Two houses which have katcha toilets should improve to sanitary toilets.• Proper maintenance Drainage• Open drainage pipes should be covered.• One more drainage pipe for discharging the waste water, sewerage.• The outlet of the pipes should be widerManagement and Maintenance• Consciousness of Dwellers and Owners• Co-operative activities
    • Problems in Providing New Facilities Insufficient Space Lack of Community Bonding Impermanent Tenure ship Absence of NGO Intervention Low level of Interest of the Owner Lack of Government Intervention
    • Thank You All.....
    • ReferencesCapacity Building Service Group. (2010). Ensuring Services to Slum Dwellers: Dhaka WASA Organisation for Low Income and Slum Community Water Service Delivery. Dhaka: Water and Sanitation by Urban Poor (WSUP).Hanchett, S., Akhter, S., Khan, M. H., Mezulianik, S., & Blagbrough, V. (2003). Water, sanitation and hygiene in Bangladeshi slums: an evaluation of the WaterAid–Bangladesh urban programme. Environment & Urbanization , 15 (2), 43-56.Kumar, S. (2002). Methods for Community Participation: A Complete Guide for Practitioners. New Delhi: Vistaar Publication.