Welcome to The Presentation

Technical and Financial Proposal :
Consultancy Services for the Preparation of Bakerganj Upaz...
Objectives
 To identify the development issues and potential of the upazilla and
make a long term development vision for ...
Comments on ToR
Points which should be considered :
 Lack of Detail and Specific Description

 Stakeholder Analysis
 Sa...
Consultants General Understanding Brief Socio-Economic Profile
Bakerganj Upazilla
 District : Barisal
 Area : 417.21 sq....
Consultants General Understanding –
Constraints and Potentials of the Area
 Constraints
 Salinity of water
 Shortage of...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Relationship among the plans as specified in the ToR
Sl.No.

Type of Plan

Coverag...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Relationship among the plans as specified in the ToR
Structure Plan
- Overall Stra...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Steps in Plan Preparation
Assessment of Planning Parameter

Identification of Goal...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Steps in Plan Preparation
Assessment of Planning Parameter
- Basic data on popula...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Steps in Plan Preparation
Identification of Goals and Objectives
- Broad scale st...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Steps in Plan Preparation
Review of Current Development Initiatives
-Sectoral pro...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Steps in Plan Preparation
Consultation
- People's Participatory Planning Approach...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Steps in Plan Preparation
Plan Preparation
- Finalizing preparation of the plans ...
Technical Proposal – Planning Approach
Formulation of Bankable Projects
 Prioritization of Project


Compatibility with...
Technical Proposal – Technical Approach and Methodology
Mobilization of Resources, Reconnaissance Survey, Project Design
...
Technical Proposal - Work Schedule

(16)
Technical Proposal – Network Diagram of Principal Activities

(17)
Technical Proposal – Staffing Schedule

(18)
Technical Proposal – Organogram
Team Leader

Deputy Team Leader

Urban Planner-1

Transport
Planning Expert

Civil Enginee...
Mobilization, Reconnaissance Survey, Project Design, Submission of
Inception Report

P

P

P

S

S

P

P

P

P

P

S

S

S...
Financial Proposal - Staff Remuneration
Sl. No.

Position

Monthly Salary (BDT)

Working
Month

Total (BDT)

Staff
A. Prof...
Financial Proposal – Reimbursable Cost
Sl.
No.

Description

Unit

Unit
Quantity
Cost
in BDT
30,000
17

Total in
BDT

1.

...
Financial Proposal – Reimbursable Cost
Description

Sl.
No.
10.

11.

Cost of Survey
i) Physical and Environmental Feature...
Financial Proposal – Per Month Cost Schedule
Cost Schedule Per Month
SI. No.

Item
Jan

A.
1
2
3
4
5
6

Reimbursable Cost
...
Financial Proposal – Per Month Cost Schedule
Monthly Total Cost
14000000

12000000

Total cost in tk

10000000

8000000

6...
Financial Proposal – Summary of Costs
Cost Component
Reimbursable Expenses
Staff Remuneration

Cost in BDT
5,67,77,250
87,...
Financial Proposal – Breakdown of Taxes
Sl.
No.

Description

Unit

1.

Value Added Tax
(VAT)

Percent

2.

Advance Income...
Thanks for your patience….

Q/A

(28)
References
Banglapedia. (2006). Bakerganj Upazilla. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from
Banglapedia: http://www.banglapedia.o...
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Technical and Financial Proposal-Consultancy Services for the Preparation of Bakerganj Upazilla Master Plan

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The cities and towns of Bangladesh are growing largely in an unplanned manner. Planned spatial and socio-economic development is essential for living and environmental quality of spaces. To ensure such quality of space for better living environment planned growth of Bakerganj region can hardly be over emphasized. The project titled 'Preparation of Bakerganj Upazilla Master Plan' comprises a small area in the south east region of the country. The approach & methodology, and work task to be performed to accomplish the stated objectives and activities stated in the Terms of Reference (ToR) are presented in this section.

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Technical and Financial Proposal-Consultancy Services for the Preparation of Bakerganj Upazilla Master Plan

  1. 1. Welcome to The Presentation Technical and Financial Proposal : Consultancy Services for the Preparation of Bakerganj Upazilla Master Plan Presented by: Group-06 Afia Sultana Shanta (0615002) Nabila Nur Kuhu (0615009) Tazrina Habib Ananya (0615019) Shahadat Hossain Shakil (0615020) Khalid Bin Abdul Quader (0615030) (1)
  2. 2. Objectives  To identify the development issues and potential of the upazilla and make a long term development vision for the upazilla and to prepare a Master Plan in accordance with the vision for the development.  To ensure and promote growth of the upazilla in line with the guiding principles of the Master Plan and control any unplanned growth by any private and public organization. (2)
  3. 3. Comments on ToR Points which should be considered :  Lack of Detail and Specific Description  Stakeholder Analysis  Sample Size  Sample Population  Population Projection (3)
  4. 4. Consultants General Understanding Brief Socio-Economic Profile Bakerganj Upazilla  District : Barisal  Area : 417.21 sq. km.  Union : 14  Mouzas: 156  Population : 3,36,706  Main Occupation : Agriculture Fig. : Map of Bakerganj Upazilla (Banglapedia, 2006) (4)
  5. 5. Consultants General Understanding – Constraints and Potentials of the Area  Constraints  Salinity of water  Shortage of essential services  Unplanned and haphazard development  Potentials  Extensive river network  Fertile land  Production of Coconut & Battle Nut (5)
  6. 6. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Relationship among the plans as specified in the ToR Sl.No. Type of Plan Coverage Time Frame Purpose 1. Structure Plan Whole study area 20 years 2. Master Plan/ Urban Area Whole study area Plan 20 years (i) Land Use Plan 20 years (ii) To determine overall strategy of urban development in the area To provide development guidance for area where most of the urban development activities will take place. Development control, land reservation for infrastructure and essential purposes. To provide guidance about the future land use of the area and suggest best possible zoning system considering all the factors. To provide suggestion and enforcement measures for transportation management. Guidelines and controls to protect unplanned physical development in urban environment. Transportation and Traffic Whole study area 20 years Management Plan Drainage and Whole study area 20 years Environmental Management Plan Local Action Plan Individual area of the Short Term Guidance for development where action is upazilla where priority (possibly 5 expected in the short term. action is needed. Years) (iii) 3. Whole study area (6)
  7. 7. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Relationship among the plans as specified in the ToR Structure Plan - Overall Strategies - Policy Framework Master Plan/Urban Area Plan - Details of Structure Plan’s Goals and Objects Land Use Plan - Output of Master Plan/Urban Area Plan’s Goals and Objectives Transportation and Traffic Management Plan - Output of Master Plan/Urban Area Plan’s Goals and Objectives Drainage and Environmental Management Plan - Output of Master Plan/Urban Area Plan’s Goals and Objectives Local Action Plan - Specific Programs, Schemes in the Light of Master Plan /Urban Area Plan’s Goals and Objectives (7)
  8. 8. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Steps in Plan Preparation Assessment of Planning Parameter Identification of Goals and Objectives Review of Current Development Initiatives Identification of Problem/Constraints, Opportunities/Potentials Resource and Need Assessment People’s Consultation Plan Formulation Project/Schemes Identification, Feasibility and Prioritization Development of Alternative Options Plan Finalization Source: SCPL-DPM, 2008 (Modified Version Adopted) (8)
  9. 9. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Steps in Plan Preparation Assessment of Planning Parameter - Basic data on population, employment, land use, infrastructure, environmental conditions etc. for plan preparation - Information from existing studies, plans and programs, government publications, public authorities, statistical previous year book, the records of upazilla and other development agencies working in the concerned upazilla area Population Projection - 2030 (plans lifetime) following the Age Cohort wise projection system - Age cohort structure and growth rate of BBS will be used - Base population year : 1991, 2001 and 2011 (9)
  10. 10. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Steps in Plan Preparation Identification of Goals and Objectives - Broad scale strategy of the Plan - Specific issue to cover Identification of Problem/Constraints & Opportunities/Potentials - Rapid scanning survey of problems affecting different groups and having different impacts through discussions with different interest groups - Exact nature and quantification of the problems: data from secondary sources - Potentials of the issue in the plan area - Opportunities during plan preparation process (10)
  11. 11. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Steps in Plan Preparation Review of Current Development Initiatives -Sectoral projects in the study area by different organizations will be identified - As required in the ToR, projects will be mapped using thematic overlays - Review of current urban and sectoral policies and programs, design standards etc. Resource and Need Assessment - Availability of technical and physical resources - Availability of funds in the short term - Physical and Economic need of the plan area - Long term and short term need (11)
  12. 12. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Steps in Plan Preparation Consultation - People's Participatory Planning Approach will be applied - Parties to be consulted with (i) The Government/Public Agencies (ii) Local Communities/Beneficiaries (iii) Private Sectors (iv) Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) - Stages of Consultation (i) First Consultation - Draft Structure Plan (ii) Second Consultation – Draft Master Plan (12)
  13. 13. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Steps in Plan Preparation Plan Preparation - Finalizing preparation of the plans is the last stage of the planning process - Plans will be supported by i. review of the database and information ii. assessment of the existing functional structure iii. problems in developing process iv. formulation of conceptual plan v. formulation of planning principles vi. analysis of alternative plans vii. integration of optimum plans viii. priority phasing ix. development control, zoning x. financial-economic, social, environmental impact assessment, legal support, etc. (13)
  14. 14. Technical Proposal – Planning Approach Formulation of Bankable Projects  Prioritization of Project  Compatibility with other projects  Acceptability to all parties concerned  Equity consideration  Sustainability  Whether self financing or not  Environmental impacts Issues Considered  Low Cost Housing  Telephone  New Construction  Gas  Upgrading of Old ones  Private Electricity Generation  Employment Generation Projects  Services  Utility Services Projects  Market and Shops  Water Supply and Sanitation  Education  Flood Control Embankment  Religious  Drainage Infrastructure  Recreation (14)
  15. 15. Technical Proposal – Technical Approach and Methodology Mobilization of Resources, Reconnaissance Survey, Project Design - Inception Report (After 30 working Days) Collection and Review of Database, Information, Maps, Reports Preparation and Compilation of Base Map, Demarcation of Project Area - Study Area Report with Map (After 90 working Days) Physical and Environmental Feature Survey; Topographic Survey Methodology of Base Map Preparation Land Use Survey Methodology of Physical  Collection of RS and CS Mouza Maps Feature Survey Methodology of Environmental  Physical Feature and Physical Socio-Economic Survey Infrastructure – Maps Methodology of Scanning of Mouza Feature Survey Methodology of Socio-Economic Survey Mauza/Base Map Methodology of Selection of Ground of Land Pointsurvey Topographic Survey Methodology Control Use Questionnaire Survey Transportation Survey Existing Infrastructure – physical  (GCP)  Location and dimension of physicalSurvey  An inventory offeature survey the GCP  Based on Mouza Map  Land Level/SpotSize - 384 at circulation system (roads and  Sample 95% confidence level and 5% - Survey Report (After 150 working Days) infrastructures-Total Station (TS) waterways) Digitization of Mouza Level at confidence interval Environmental Hazard – Maps 50m interval according to ToR Total Station/DGPS Draft Structure features- Data Logger ProXR of Maps Stationseries of Volume andDays)  Location of point Plan Preparation - Interim Report (After 210 working O-D survey A Checking/Editing Total  20% additional sample for piloting and error questionnaire survey and secondary DGPS Master Plan and Local Action  Joining and Printing of Mouza Maps- Draft Count Draft(Differential Global Positioning System)Plan PreparationPedestrian Report (After 300 working Days) source minimizing  Later on Data will be transferred to GIS Transportation Survey Final Structure Plan and Master Plan Preparation - Final Report (After 360 working Days) Database (15)
  16. 16. Technical Proposal - Work Schedule (16)
  17. 17. Technical Proposal – Network Diagram of Principal Activities (17)
  18. 18. Technical Proposal – Staffing Schedule (18)
  19. 19. Technical Proposal – Organogram Team Leader Deputy Team Leader Urban Planner-1 Transport Planning Expert Civil Engineer Urban Planner-2 Demographer /Statistician Environmental Analyst GIS Specialist Architect Urban Developmet Economist Office Manager Municipal Engineer Hydrologist Peon (19)
  20. 20. Mobilization, Reconnaissance Survey, Project Design, Submission of Inception Report P P P S S P P P P P S S S P P P S S P P P S S Socio-Economic Survey S S S P Transportation Survey S S P P All Survey Report Compilation and Submission of Survey Report S S P P Draft Structure Plan Preparation and Interim Report P P P P Draft Master Plan and Local Action Plan Preparation; Draft Report P P P Final Structure Plan and Master Plan preparation; Final Report P P P Peon P Land Use Survey Office Manager P Physical and Environmental Feature Survey; Topographic Survey Urban Development Economist P Preparation and Compilation of Base Map, Demarcation of Project Area, Study Area Report with Map Municipal Engineer P Collection and Review of Database, Information, Maps, Reports Hydrologist Demographer /Statistician Environmental Analyst Civil Engineer Transport Planning Expert GIS Specialist Architect Urban Planner-2 Urban Planner-1 Activity Deputy Team Leader Team Leader Technical Proposal – Responsibility Linkage P P P S S S S S S S S S S S S S P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P P S Office and Account Management P Office Maintenance P N. B. - “P” for Primary Activity and “S” for Secondary Activity (20)
  21. 21. Financial Proposal - Staff Remuneration Sl. No. Position Monthly Salary (BDT) Working Month Total (BDT) Staff A. Professional Staff 1. Team Leader 2. Deputy Team Leader 3. Urban Planner-1 4. Urban Planner-2 5. Architect 6. GIS Specialist 7. Transport Planning Expert 8. Civil Engineer 9. Demographer/Statistician 10. Environmental Analyst 11. Hydrologist 12. Municipal Engineer 13. Urban Development Economist 70,000 60,000 50,000 45,000 45,000 45,000 40,000 35,000 30,000 30,000 30,000 30,000 30,000 17 17 17 17 10 17 15 15 14 15 9 9 14 Sub Total A 11,90,000 10,20,000 8,50,000 7,65,000 4,50,000 7,65,000 6,00,000 5,25,000 4,20,000 4,50,000 2,70,000 2,70,000 4,20,000 79,95,000 B. Supporting Staff 14. Office Manger 15. Peon 30,000 12,000 17 17 Sub Total B 5,10,000 2,04,000 7,14,000 87,09,000 Grand Total of Project Staff Remuneration (21)
  22. 22. Financial Proposal – Reimbursable Cost Sl. No. Description Unit Unit Quantity Cost in BDT 30,000 17 Total in BDT 1. Rental Cost of Office (Including Utility Bill) Month 5,10,000 2. Rental Cost of Office Setup Month 50,000 17 8,50,000 3. Cost of Office Stationary Month 5,000 17 85,000 4. Communication Costs Between "Base Office" and "Field Office" Month 5,000 17 85,000 5. Rental Vehicle Cost for Transport (1 no.) Month 30,000 17 5,10,000 6. Cost of Procurement of Mauza Maps Number 300 780 2,34,000 7. Secondary Data Collection Cost Number of Organization 1,000 50 50,000 8. Cost of Construction and Installation of Benchmark/Ground Control Point Number 3,000 156 18,72,000 9. Cost of GIS Database Preparation on the Basis of Subcontract - Scanning, Digitizing of Maps and Reproduction Number 500 780 3,90,000 (22)
  23. 23. Financial Proposal – Reimbursable Cost Description Sl. No. 10. 11. Cost of Survey i) Physical and Environmental Feature Survey; Topographic Survey ii) Land Use Survey iii) Socio-Economic Survey iv) Transportation Survey Cost of Map Printing i. Base/Mouza Map ii. Survey Maps iii. Structure Plan 12. Unit Acre Unit Cost in BDT Quantity Total in BDT 350 103097 3,60,83,950 Acre Per HH Package 150 150 100,000 103097 460 1 1,54,64,550 69,000 1,00,000 Number 500 30 15,000 Number Number 500 500 180 30 90,000 15,000 Cost of Reports for the Service (Including Printing, Binding and Photocopy Cost) i. Inception Report Number 500 25 12,500 ii. Study Area Report Number 750 25 18,750 ii. Survey Report Number 2,000 25 50,000 iii. Interim Report iv) Draft Final Report Number Number 2,000 3,000 25 25 50,000 75,000 v) Final Report Number 3,500 25 87,500 Grand Total of Projects Reimbursable Cost 5,67,77,250 (23)
  24. 24. Financial Proposal – Per Month Cost Schedule Cost Schedule Per Month SI. No. Item Jan A. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Reimbursable Cost Office Rent Setup Rent Office Stationary Communication Cost Vehicle Cost Mouza Map Procurement Cost 7 8 9 10 Secondary Data Cost Cost of BM, GCP GIS Database Cost Cost of Surveys i) Physical& Environmental Feature; Topographic Survey ii) Land Use Survey iii) Socio-Economic Survey iv) Transportation Survey 11 Cost of Map Printing i. Base/Mouza Map ii. Survey Maps iii. Structure Plan iv) Master Plan 12 Cost of Reports i. Inception Report ii. Study Area Report ii. Survey Report iii. Interim Report iv) Draft Report v) Final Report B. Staff Remuneration 1. Team Leader 2. Deputy Team Leader 3. Urban Planner-1 4. Urban Planner-2 5. Architect 6. GIS Specialist 7. Transport Planning Expert 8. Civil Engineer 9. Demographer/Statistician 10. Environmental Analyst 11. Hydrologist 12. Municipal Engineer 13. Urban Development Economist 14. Office Manager 15. Peon C. Miscellaneous Cost Monthly Total Cost (without VAT) Monthly Total Cost (with VAT) Grand Total (Project Life Time Cost) Feb Mar Apr May Year-2012 Jun 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 10,000 10,000 18,72,000 1,30,000 10,000 10,000 1,30,000 72,16,790 72,16,790 72,16,790 72,16,790 30,92,910 17,250 20,000 30,92,910 17,250 20,000 30,92,910 20,,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 5,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 Year-2013 Mar 5,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 Feb 30,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 Apr 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 May 30,92,910 20,,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 Jan 72,16,790 30,92,910 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 Nov 1,30,000 17,250 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 Oct 10,000 17,250 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 Aug Dec 30,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 Sep 5,000 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 2,34,000 Jul 30,000 50,000 5,000 5,000 30,000 20,000 15,000 90,000 12,500 18,750 50,000 50,000 75,000 87,500 (Including 10% Income Tax) 73,535 73,535 63,030 63,030 52,525 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 47,273 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 10,62,712 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 28,43,212 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 47,273 42,020 36,768 47,273 42,020 36,768 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 1,14,78,715 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 1,14,97,465 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 1,12,68,435 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 1,12,58,435 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 1,14,13,435 1,19,11,657 1,19,11,657 1,19,11,657 11,10,534 29,71,157 1,19,11,657 1,19,11,657 (Including VAT, Income Tax, Msc. Cost) 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 9,64,038 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 10,27,068 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 10,77,068 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 10,22,068 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 10,22,068 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 10,52,068 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 11,27,068 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 10,22,068 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 10,22,068 73,535 63,030 52,525 47,273 47,273 47,273 42,020 36,768 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 31,515 12,606 2,90,675 11,09,568 10,07,420 10,73,286 11,25,536 10,68,061 10,68,061 10,99,411 11,77,786 10,68,061 10,68,061 11,59,499 7,40,56,599 (24)
  25. 25. Financial Proposal – Per Month Cost Schedule Monthly Total Cost 14000000 12000000 Total cost in tk 10000000 8000000 6000000 4000000 2000000 0 Jan-12 Feb-12 Mar-12 Apr-12 May-12 Jun-12 Jul-12 Aug-12 Sep-12 Oct-12 Nov-12 Dec-12 Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Months (25)
  26. 26. Financial Proposal – Summary of Costs Cost Component Reimbursable Expenses Staff Remuneration Cost in BDT 5,67,77,250 87,09,000 Sub-Total Miscellaneous Cost (7.5%) Total Cost Local Taxes 6,54,86,250 49,11,469 7,03,97,719 39,99,607 Grand-Total 7,43,97,326 (26)
  27. 27. Financial Proposal – Breakdown of Taxes Sl. No. Description Unit 1. Value Added Tax (VAT) Percent 2. Advance Income Tax (AIT) Percent Total Taxes Cost in Taka Unit Cost Quantity in Taka 4.50 7,03,97,719 10.00 83,17,095 Total in Taka Remarks 31,67,897 (Reimbursable Cost + Staff Remuneration + Msc. Cost) * 4.5 % 8,31,710 (Taxable Staff Remuneration) * 10.00% 39,99,607 (Local Tax) (27)
  28. 28. Thanks for your patience…. Q/A (28)
  29. 29. References Banglapedia. (2006). Bakerganj Upazilla. Retrieved December 5, 2011, from Banglapedia: http://www.banglapedia.org/httpdocs/HT/B_0064.HTM BBS. (2007). Zilla Profile; Zilla: Barishal, Upazilla: Bakerganj. Retrieved 11 15, 2011, from Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics: http://www.bbs.gov.bd/RptZillaProfile.aspx DPM, S. (2008). Technical Proposal: Consultancy Services for The Preparation of Master Plan for the Pourashavas. Dhaka: Sheltech Consultacy Private Limited & Design Planning Management Consultants. Kashem, M. S., Shabnam, F., Jahan, I., & Zaman, S. (2005). Consultancy Services for The Preparation of DAP for DMDP Area. Dhaka: BURP, BUET. (29)

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