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Scholarly Information Practices: Implications for Library Collections and Services
 

Scholarly Information Practices: Implications for Library Collections and Services

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Overview of findings from a report (by Carole Palmer and colleagues, commissioned by OCLC Research) on scholarly information practices with some reflections on the implications of this work for ...

Overview of findings from a report (by Carole Palmer and colleagues, commissioned by OCLC Research) on scholarly information practices with some reflections on the implications of this work for library collections and services. From a presentation to the UC Berkeley Libraries' Roundtable Meeting, 12 March 2009.

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Scholarly Information Practices: Implications for Library Collections and Services Scholarly Information Practices: Implications for Library Collections and Services Presentation Transcript

  • Scholarly Information Practices in the Online Environment Implications for Academic Library Collections and Services Constance Malpas Program Officer UC Berkeley Library Roundtable Meeting 12 March 2009
  • First, some context . . .
    • Library Services Framework – DLF, OCLC
    • Generic business requirements, processes, functions
    • Net-workflows - Dempsey
    • Adapting to changed user expectations
    • Virtual Research Environments – JISC (etc)
      • Integrated service environment tailored to research lifecycle
    • Scholarly information practices –UCB, UMinn (etc)
      • An ethnographic approach to modeling library services
  • . . . and some circles
  • Actionable Intelligence … Assisted Thinking?
    • Analysis and synthesis of the available evidence base
    • Improved understanding for library management
  • Aim and Intent
    • Identify current themes in the literature
    • Disciplinary differences in scholarly work; commonalities
    • Reflect on how library services can support current scholarly practices
      • Expectations cultivated in broader online environment
    • Assess ‘specific gravity’ of service requirements
      • Local, group and global solutions; intensity of demand
      • A literature review aimed at library managers
  • Analytic Framework & Methodology
    • Scholarly ‘primitives’ (Unsworth, 2000)
    • “ functions common to scholarly activity across disciplines”
    • Five core activities
    • Searching, Collecting, Reading, Writing, Collaborating
    • Disciplinary patterns, high-intensity activities
    • Different modalities of scholarly work
    • Adaptive services within (and beyond) the library
      • Areas for future research and development
  • Core Findings
    • Opportunities for shared service development are concentrated in a few areas
      • Knowledge organization, discovery, curation
    • Operational & network ‘location’ of services varies
      • Some solutions will be found (and should be sought) outside the library, or between the library and CIT
    • Significant convergence in disciplinary information practices
      • Core service requirements can be modeled generically
  • Patterns of Convergence in Scholarly Practice accessing assessing chaining disseminating networking Interdisciplinary probing translating Humanities Sciences direct searching scanning co-authoring coordinating monitoring data-sharing browsing collecting re-reading assembling consulting note-taking Adapted from C. Palmer, L. Teffau, C. Pirmann (2009)
  • Implications for Library Service Development
    • Shared understanding of ‘core requirements’ for cross-disciplinary research environments
    •  a framework for assessing services
    • Increased specificity for customization
      •  supports modular development model
    • Clarified picture of where local / community investment is most needed (and where it is not)
    •  shared, network-aware service architecture
  •  
  • Support for core scholarly activities Accessing  OpenURL Assessing  tags Chaining  search history Disseminating  forums Networking  groups, calendar . . . plus browsing, collecting, consulting etc
  •  
  • A shared knowledge base and access to disciplinary peers ‘ probing’ and ‘consulting’
  • Social scientific behaviors . . . Direct searching  known-item access Scanning  abstracts, evaluative metadata Monitoring  sort by currency Data sharing  self-archived content Accessing  OpenURL Networking  contact details
  • A model of the research life-cycle Context-specific Support Services Support for scientific information practices co-authoring  wiki coordinating  grant/project mgt monitoring  current awareness . . . in addition to core activities
  •  
  • the function and value of print collections is changing. half-life of scholarly literature economic imperatives How will the university library adapt? mass digitization Copyright regimes academic mission As scholarly information practices move online disciplinary disparities
  • Then . . . “ The Library is a common interest of all the departments. In its prosperity is bound up the scholarly fate of the University . Until we have a great library, properly housed and administered, we cannot have a great university. The promise … that a suitable library building will be provided during the next three years constitutes the strongest encouragement for the future of the institution which any single occurrence of the biennium, if not our entire history, has warranted.” Benjamin I. Wheeler, President of the University of California (1904) “… all of our major competitors had spent or planned to spend literally tens of millions on new buildings or extensions – indeed the sector as a whole in Scotland appeared to have committed some quarter of a billion pounds to library buildings, apparently as an act of faith, rather than with any obvious rationale. It became very quickly clear that, were Strathclyde to spend say fifty million pounds on refurbishing its library, it would be no better off relatively in any league table . Derek Law, Professor Emeritus and former University Librarian, Strathclyde (2009) now . . .
  • And shortly thereafter (by 2014) ... collection development as we now know it will cease to exist as selection of library materials will be entirely patron-initiated. Ownership of materials will be limited to what is actively used. The only collection development activities involving librarians will be competition over special collections and archives. ... libraries will have abandoned the hybrid model to focus exclusively on electronic collections, with limited investments in managing shared print archives . Local unique collections will be funded only by donor contributions. ... library buildings will no longer house collections and will become campus community centers that function as part of the student services sector. Campus business offices will manage license and acquisition of digital content. These changes will lead campus administrators to align libraries with the administrative rather than the academic side of the organization . ... libraries will have abandoned the hybrid model to focus exclusively on electronic collections, with limited investments in managing shared print archives . Local unique collections will be funded only by donor contributions. ... library buildings will no longer house collections and will become campus community centers that function as part of the student services sector. Campus business offices will manage license and acquisition of digital content. These changes will lead campus administrators to align libraries with the administrative rather than the academic side of the organization . TAIGA Forum - Provocative Statements - February 2009 ... collection development as we now know it will cease to exist as selection of library materials will be entirely patron-initiated. Ownership of materials will be limited to what is actively used. The only collection development activities involving librarians will be competition over special collections and archives.
  • In a partnership with So, where do you stand with print?
  • RLG Shared Print Collections
    • Four core projects in FY09
      • Journals preservation project – managing risk
      • MARC 583 for print archiving – core infrastructure
      • Regional collection of record – model agreements
      • De-accessioning print working group – shared strategies
    • Advisory Group
      • Shared Print Coordinating Committee – 11 partners
    • Working Groups
      • Prospective Journals Preservation - 9 partners
      • Regional Collection of Record - 4 partners
      • De-accessioning print back-files - 13 partners
    • Future of Collections Discussion Group - +120 partners
  • Outcomes and Impact: FY09
    • Shared Print policy report
      • Synthesized available evidence base for library mgt
    • Prospective journals preservation
      • Modeling cooperative management of at-risk serials
    • Shared infrastructure for distributed management
      • Immediately deployable infrastructure supports ‘anonymous’ participation
    • De-acccessioning print backfiles
      •  Identified key obstacles to downsizing redundant holdings
  • For Discussion
    • Does distribution of physical inventory at UCB libraries map to current disciplinary requirements?
    • What strategies are in place to address imbalance in digital access to long-tail humanities resources?
    • How can confidence in persistence and accessibility of (diminishing) print and (increasing) digital content be raised?
    • Can a common service architecture serve multiple institutionally distributed populations?
  • Questions, Comments? Constance Malpas [email_address] OCLC Research White Papers www.oclc.org/programs/publications/reports.htm Research Information Management Program www.oclc.org/programs/ourwork/researchinfo Shared Print Collections Program www.oclc.org/programs/ourwork/collectivecoll