The renaissance in the north
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The renaissance in the north

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The renaissance in the north The renaissance in the north Presentation Transcript

  • THE RENAISSANCE IN THE NORTHCh. 13, sec. 2
  • THE PRINTING REVOLUTION Johann Gutenberg  Invented the printing press  Printed the first complete edition of the Christian Bible Books became cheaper Easier to produce What was the impact of the printing press?
  • FLANDERS  Birthplace of the northern Renaissance  Center of trade- spread of ideas  Flemish Painters  Jan Van Eyck  Pieter Bruegel- scenes of peasants  Peter Paul Rubens
  • VAN EYCK-PORTRAIT OFGIOVANNIARNOLFINI ANDHIS WIFE
  • BRUEGEL- WINTER LANDSCAPE WITH SKATERSAND A BIRD TRAP
  • RUBENS- THE MASSACRE OF THE INNOCENTS
  • ALBRECHT DURER German painter “Leonardo of the North” Travelled to Italy to study art Also mastered the art of engraving Often portrayed religious upheaval
  • NORTHERN HUMANISTS AND WRITERS Focused on education Wanted religious ad moral reform Many began writing in everyday language of the common people, instead of Latin Appealed to the middle class
  • ERASMUS  Priest and humanist  Wanted the Bible to be translated into the common vernacular  Two core beliefs:  Be open minded  Show good will toward others  Hated the corruption in the Catholic church
  • SIR THOMAS MORE Humanist writer Wrote Utopia  ideal society  peace and harmony  all are educated  everyone works Many believe achieve a Utopian society is impossible.
  • RABELAIS  French humanist  Monk, physician, scholar, author  Wrote Gargantua and Pantagruel  Surface level- Story of two gentle giants  Deeper meaning- metaphor for religious and educational reform
  • SHAKESPEARE Poet and playwright Wrote 37 plays- still performed today Universal themes- love, tragedy, comedy “not for an age, but for all time”