Kingdom Fungi

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Kingdom Fungi

  1. 1. THE FUNGUS AMONG US KINGDOM FUNGI
  2. 2. More than just Mushrooms… <ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Club: Typical shape of “mushroom,” with spores on gills </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. More than just Mushrooms… <ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Club </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cup: Spores are in cup instead of gills </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. More than just Mushrooms… <ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Molds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often found on food and decaying plant material. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. More than just Mushrooms… <ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Molds </li></ul><ul><li>Yeasts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unicellular fungi, reproduces by budding </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. More than just Mushrooms… <ul><li>Mushrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Molds </li></ul><ul><li>Yeast </li></ul><ul><li>Lichens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grow on rocks and wood, a combination of a fungus and an algae. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. CAP
  8. 8. CAP SCALES
  9. 9. CAP SCALES GILLS
  10. 10. CAP SCALES RING (ANNULUS) GILLS
  11. 11. CAP SCALES RING (ANNULUS) GILLS STALK (STIPE)
  12. 12. CAP SCALES RING (ANNULUS) GILLS CUP (VOLVA) STALK (STIPE)
  13. 13. CAP SCALES RING (ANNULUS) GILLS CUP (VOLVA) STALK (STIPE) MYCELLIUM (HYPHAE)
  14. 14. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Mycellium Hyphae Spore Stalk or Stipe Gills Covers and protects the gills Cap FUNCTION STRUCTURE
  15. 15. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Mycellium Hyphae Spore Stalk or Stipe Contains hyphae that produce spores Gills Covers and protects the gills Cap FUNCTION STRUCTURE
  16. 16. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Mycellium Hyphae Spore Supports the Cap Stalk or Stipe Contains hyphae that produce spores Gills Covers and protects the gills Cap FUNCTION STRUCTURE
  17. 17. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Mycellium Hyphae Cell that develops into a new organism Spore Supports the Cap Stalk or Stipe Contains hyphae that produce spores Gills Covers and protects the gills Cap FUNCTION STRUCTURE
  18. 18. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Mycellium Threadlike structure built of fungal cells Hyphae Cell that develops into a new organism Spore Supports the Cap Stalk or Stipe Contains hyphae that produce spores Gills Covers and protects the gills Cap FUNCTION STRUCTURE
  19. 19. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION Body of fungus (except spores) made of tangled hyphae Mycellium Threadlike structure built of fungal cells Hyphae Cell that develops into a new organism Spore Supports the Cap Stalk or Stipe Contains hyphae that produce spores Gills Covers and protects the gills Cap FUNCTION STRUCTURE
  20. 20. ROLES OF FUNGI: <ul><li>Decomposition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic material is recycled by bacteria and fungi. It is broken down into its original components like Carbon and Nitrogen. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. ROLES OF FUNGI: <ul><li>Decomposition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Pilobolus fungi decomposes dung of grazing animals. Unique for its ability to “aim” at the light and “shoot” its spore packet so it will land on grass and be eaten by another grazing animal. The entire life cycle is then repeated. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Pilobolus
  23. 23. Pilobolus
  24. 24. ROLES OF FUNGI: <ul><li>Symbiosis </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mycorrhizal Fungi: Symbiotic fungi that live in or around roots of plants. They get food (sugar) from the plant in exchange for water and nutrients. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is estimated that 99.9% of all plants have a fungal partner. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Mycorrhizal Fungi
  26. 26. Benefits of a Fungal Partner
  27. 27. ROLES OF FUNGI: <ul><li>Pathogens </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some fungi are parasitic, causing damage or death to plants, animals, and even other fungi! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can cause severe damage to many crop plants including corn, wheat, potatoes, and fruits. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Harmful Fungi
  29. 29. Harmful Fungi
  30. 30. Harmful Fungi
  31. 31. Harmful Fungi
  32. 32. ROLES OF FUNGI: <ul><ul><ul><li>Medicines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Penicillin: Alexander Fleming discovered that mold could kill bacteria in 1928. During WWII (1940’s) the drug we know today was developed. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. ROLES OF FUNGI: <ul><ul><ul><li>Medicines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New antibiotics are still being derived from fungi by people like Dr. Gary Strobel of Montana State University. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. ROLES OF FUNGI: <ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Several Mushrooms are used in our food…. Pizza anyone?! </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specialty Cheeses like Blue Cheese, Brie, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bread, Beer, and Wine are made with yeast. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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