Kingdom fungi

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fungi facts and ideas

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Kingdom fungi

  1. 1. Kingdom FungiGroup 4
  2. 2. Characteristics• Characteristics: eukaryotes; heterotrophic; absorb nutrients; do not photosynthesize; cell walls composed of chitin.
  3. 3. Kingdom Fungi• They do not have chlorophyll in their cells.• Fungi nourishes themselves by absorption.• They do these by secreting enzymes that facilitate digestion outside their bodies.• The enzymes break down the decaying matter into absorbable nutrients which fungi can now use.• This is the reason why you often see fungi on tree logs and spoiled food.
  4. 4. • Fungi have threadlike parts called hyphae (singular: hypha)( is a long, branching filamentous structure of a fungus, and also of unrelated Actinobacteria. In most fungi, hyphae are the main mode of vegetative growth, and are collectively called a mycelium; yeasts are unicellular fungi that do not grow as hyphae.)
  5. 5. Hyphae
  6. 6. • Examples of fungi are mushrooms, molds and yeasts. Some mushrooms are edible, such as oyster mushrooms and button mushrooms; while some are poisonous such as Galerina and Amanita.
  7. 7. Pleurotusostreatus Agaricus Bisporus
  8. 8. `• Bread molds, when seen under the microscope, are made up of fuzzy balls of spores called mycelia. The first antibiotic penicillin was extracted by Alexander Fleming from a genus of fungi called Penicillium.
  9. 9. Thank You ForListening!!!

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