The most “advanced” and modern among the animal kingdom
 
<ul><li>Mammalia - The young are nourished for a time by milk, or an analogous fluid, secreted by the mammary glands of th...
<ul><li>Domain -  Eukarya </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom  -  Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum –  Chordata  </li></ul><ul><li>C...
<ul><li>Class – Reptilia (Reptiles) </li></ul><ul><li>Class – Aves (Birds) </li></ul><ul><li>Class – Amphibia  </li></ul>
<ul><li>Humans are primates – one of the orders of the class </li></ul><ul><li>The earliest mammal is Eozostrodon – a rode...
<ul><li>Fur  – keeps the body warm – helps for maintaining homeostasis </li></ul><ul><li>Mammary Glands -these organism fe...
Protection and survival <ul><li>Immune system  - system of biological structures and processes within an organism that pro...
<ul><li>Armaments made of Keratin  - horns, spines, and quills </li></ul><ul><li>Camouflage  - use their natural coloring ...
Why move? <ul><li>Skeleton  – structural support and movement support </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles  – strong myofibrils, atta...
<ul><li>Predators  – need to be faster and stronger to be able to kill </li></ul><ul><li>“ Victims”  – need to be faster a...
I think therefore I exist <ul><li>Mammals have the most complex nervous system on the planet, with humans being the most a...
<ul><li>Peripheral nervous system (PNS)-   made up of only connecting nerves </li></ul><ul><li>Somatic nervous system- con...
<ul><li>Dolphins are some of Earth‘s most famous mammals </li></ul><ul><li>They inhabit oceans worldwide </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Locomotion: Do lph ins normally swim at  23-25 mph </li></ul><ul><li>They swim fast and are able to swim on their ...
<ul><li>Cheetahs mostly inhabit the savannas of Southern and Western Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Their diet consists of calve...
<ul><li>Cheetahs have special paw pads and retractable claws </li></ul><ul><li>Their large nostrils allow them to breathe ...
<ul><li>Brown bears reside in the mountains and forests of North America, South America, Europe, and Asia </li></ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>Life cycle: Birth, cub, adult </li></ul><ul><li>Bears possess a sense of smell seven times as powerful as that of ...
Badger Mouse Red Panda
<ul><li>&quot;Bottlenose Dolphin Picture 2.&quot;  A Little Dolphin Energy . Web. 4 Nov 2009.  <http://michellechant.files...
<ul><li>4. &quot;Canadian Biodiversity: Species: Mammals.&quot;  Canadian Biodiversity . Museums Assistance Program of  He...
<ul><li>8.  About a Mammal's Nervous System.  21 March 2010 <http://www.ehow.com/about_4565581_mammals-nervous-system.html...
<ul><li>11.Jonkel, Charles Joseph. &quot;Brown Bear.&quot; Microsoft® Student 2009 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporati...
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Mammals 10 1 toshko duc mitev

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Mammals 10 1 toshko duc mitev

  1. 1. The most “advanced” and modern among the animal kingdom
  2. 3. <ul><li>Mammalia - The young are nourished for a time by milk, or an analogous fluid, secreted by the mammary glands of the mother. </li></ul><ul><li>According to scientist at first milk was just used to moist eggs </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>Domain - Eukarya </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom - Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum – Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class – Mammalia </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>Class – Reptilia (Reptiles) </li></ul><ul><li>Class – Aves (Birds) </li></ul><ul><li>Class – Amphibia </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Humans are primates – one of the orders of the class </li></ul><ul><li>The earliest mammal is Eozostrodon – a rodent quite big over a meter long(2) </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Fur – keeps the body warm – helps for maintaining homeostasis </li></ul><ul><li>Mammary Glands -these organism feed their offspring with milk – all the nutrients needed by the baby </li></ul><ul><li>Three middle ear bones- transform sound vibrations into neural impulses(10) </li></ul>
  7. 8. Protection and survival <ul><li>Immune system - system of biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease by identifying and killing the intruders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>White blood cells -  cells of the immune system defending the body against both infectious disease and foreign materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical adaptations - such as good insulation , and by special forms of behavior such as hibernation and migration – cause of evolution(9) </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Armaments made of Keratin - horns, spines, and quills </li></ul><ul><li>Camouflage - use their natural coloring to blend in with their surroundings </li></ul><ul><li>Some mammals feed in groups in order to avoid predators </li></ul><ul><li>Alarm signals - some mammals use different signals in order to inform one another of upcoming danger(3) </li></ul>
  9. 10. Why move? <ul><li>Skeleton – structural support and movement support </li></ul><ul><li>Muscles – strong myofibrils, attached to the bone to move it </li></ul><ul><li>Land mammals have 4 legs (or 2 legs and 2 arms) </li></ul><ul><li>Water mammals - sleek, streamlined bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Mammals need to move to acquire food – plants or other animals–(4) </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Predators – need to be faster and stronger to be able to kill </li></ul><ul><li>“ Victims” – need to be faster and smaller to be able to escape </li></ul><ul><li>Unique – some have skin formed between their legs or fingers – used for flying(7) </li></ul>
  11. 12. I think therefore I exist <ul><li>Mammals have the most complex nervous system on the planet, with humans being the most advanced </li></ul><ul><li>Central nervous system (CNS)- the part of the nervous system that coordinates the activity of all parts of the bodies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain - largest part of the central nervous system . It regulates many different functions of the body of a mammal. The brain processes all incoming external stimuli , and tells the body what to do in response . In most mammals, these responses are automatic and unconscious . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spinal Cord - linking the brain to the rest of the body(8) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Peripheral nervous system (PNS)-  made up of only connecting nerves </li></ul><ul><li>Somatic nervous system- controls both the muscles and the information that is processed by the skin and other receptors </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomic nervous system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sympathetic nervous system - responsible for initiating the flight or fight response , which prepares the body to handle dangerous situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parasympathetic nervous system - works to regain homeostasis after the body has undergone a flight or fight response(8) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Dolphins are some of Earth‘s most famous mammals </li></ul><ul><li>They inhabit oceans worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Their natural habitats include </li></ul><ul><li>bays, lagoons, rivers, </li></ul><ul><li>and coastal waters </li></ul><ul><li>Their diet consists mostly </li></ul><ul><li>of smaller fish (12) </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Locomotion: Do lph ins normally swim at 23-25 mph </li></ul><ul><li>They swim fast and are able to swim on their bellies, backs, and sides; they can also jump quite high </li></ul><ul><li>Life cycle: Birth, calf, adult </li></ul><ul><li>Bottlenose dolphins can detect sound at extremely high frequencies unnoticeable by human ears(12) </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>Cheetahs mostly inhabit the savannas of Southern and Western Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Their diet consists of calves, impalas, gazelles, antelope, and hares </li></ul><ul><li>The fastest land animal – can run at up to 113 kmph in short </li></ul><ul><li>bursts due to its light </li></ul><ul><li>build, large heart, </li></ul><ul><li>and small amount of </li></ul><ul><li>stored fat(6) </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>Cheetahs have special paw pads and retractable claws </li></ul><ul><li>Their large nostrils allow them to breathe in a bigger amount of oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>The small amount of fat they can store means they have little energy at hand </li></ul><ul><li>Life cycle: Birth, cub, adult </li></ul><ul><li>Often hunted down </li></ul><ul><li>because of their </li></ul><ul><li>beautiful fur(6) </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Brown bears reside in the mountains and forests of North America, South America, Europe, and Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Their diet consists of plants, fruits, nuts, insects, fish, birds, and mammals </li></ul><ul><li>Bears move with their metatarsals flat on the ground(11) </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>Life cycle: Birth, cub, adult </li></ul><ul><li>Bears possess a sense of smell seven times as powerful as that of dogs </li></ul><ul><li>Bears’ powerful memory helps them relocate old food stashes </li></ul><ul><li>Bears are popular among children and are often mascots for various projects, like Smokey Bear(11) </li></ul>
  19. 20. Badger Mouse Red Panda
  20. 21. <ul><li>&quot;Bottlenose Dolphin Picture 2.&quot; A Little Dolphin Energy . Web. 4 Nov 2009. <http://michellechant.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/bottlenose-dolphin-picture-2-480.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Brown Bear.&quot; Animals in the World . Web. 29 Mar 2010. <http://www.animalsintheworld.com/animal_articles/bears/images/brown_bear.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Cheetah2.&quot; Cheetah Lyfe Cycle . Web. 17 Dec 2008. <http://karook.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/cheetah2.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Cheetah Close-up.&quot; Nature's Crusaders . Web. 20 Feb 2009. <http://naturescrusaders.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/cheetah-closeup2.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Mammal_024.&quot; dkonline.mammal . Web. 2009. </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.mammal.dke-guides.com/clipart/mammal/image/exp_mammal024.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ New mammal.&quot; National Geographic News . Web. 29 Mar 2010. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2006/10/images/061013-new-mammal_big.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Red-panda.&quot; The Himalayan Beacon . Web. 31 Aug 2009. <http://beacononline.files.wordpress.com/2009/08/red-panda.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;SmokeySixtyLogo.&quot; West Virginia Division of Forestry . Web. 29 Mar 2010. <http://www.wvforestry.com/images/SmokeySixtyLogo_Color.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Subpage Dolphin.&quot; Bridget & Dave's Excellent Dolphin Adventure . Web. 15 Feb 2004. <http://www.savebay.info/projects/dolphins/SubPageDolphin.jpg>. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>4. &quot;Canadian Biodiversity: Species: Mammals.&quot; Canadian Biodiversity . Museums Assistance Program of Heritage Canada, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2010. <http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca/english/ species/mammals/index.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>5. &quot;The Evolution of Mammals.&quot; Enchanted Learning . N.p., 2010. Web. 29 Mar. 2010. <http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/mammals/Evolution.shtml>. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Leaping Bobcat. N.d. Wallpapers . www.blogspot.com, n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2010. <http://www.webinfoathome.com/wallpapers/Animals/Leaping_Bobcat.jpg>. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Ringtailed Lemurs. N.d. lemurs Animals Similar to the Monkey . N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Mar. 2010. <http://top-animals.blogspot.com/2009/05/lemurs-animals-similar-to-monkey.html>. </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>8. About a Mammal's Nervous System. 21 March 2010 <http://www.ehow.com/about_4565581_mammals-nervous-system.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>9. J.Smith. Immune System. 21 March 2010 <http://uhaweb.hartford.edu/BUGL/immune.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>10. Klappenbach, Laura. Nine Characteristics of Mammals. 29 March 2010 <http://animals.about.com/od/mammals/tp/mammal_characteristics.htm>. </li></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>11.Jonkel, Charles Joseph. &quot;Brown Bear.&quot; Microsoft® Student 2009 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2009. © 1993-2008 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. </li></ul><ul><li>12.Odell, Daniel K. &quot;Dolphin (aquatic mammal).&quot; Microsoft® Student 2009 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2008. </li></ul>
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