Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Torino, 2 – 4 February 2010
Gi4DM 2010 Conference
Geomatics for Crisis Management
GIS and Geomatics for disaster
managemen...
AGENDA
• Disasters
• Geomatics
• Remote sensing
• From the space
• On the ground
• Palm vs tablet
• Hyogo Declaration
• Po...
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
TECHNOLOGICAL
HAZMAT
HAZARDSCLIMATOLOGICAL
METEROLOGICAL
HYDROGEOLOGICAL
GEOPHISICAL
BIOLOGICAL
...
CLIMATOLOGICAL
METEROLOGICAL
HYDROGEOLOGICAL
GEOPHISICAL
BIOLOGICAL
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
TECHNOLOGICAL
HAZMAT
TERRORI...
CLIMATOLOGICAL
METEROLOGICAL
HYDROGEOLOGICAL
GEOPHISICAL
BIOLOGICAL
ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION
TECHNOLOGICAL
HAZMAT
TERRORI...
DISASTERS
natural
SLOW ONSETSLOW ONSET FAST ONSETFAST ONSET
cyclones
landslides
floods
earthquakes
volcanoes
…
famine
drou...
1. CLIMATE RELATED DISASTERS
2. LANDSLIDES
3. EARTHQUAKES SEISMIC MICROZONATION
DAMAGE ASSESSMENT
HURRICANE
FLOODS
GEOMATI...
REMOTE SENSING
multispectral sensors and photos
DIRECT MAPPING ON THE GROUND
entity and attributes
going digital
WHAT WE D...
FROM THE SPACEFROM THE SPACE
THE POLOCHIC VALLEYTHE POLOCHIC VALLEY
GUATEMALAGUATEMALAafter the hurricane Mitch - 1998
multitemporal analysis of satell...
THE POLOCHIC VALLEYTHE POLOCHIC VALLEY
GUATEMALAGUATEMALAafter the hurricane Mitch - 1998
multitemporal analysis of satell...
MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGESMORPHOLOGICAL CHANGESchannel adjustment and landslide
Landsat 5 TM
15/04/1998
(before Mitch)
false co...
MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGESMORPHOLOGICAL CHANGESchannel adjustment and landslide
channel narrowing
meander cutoffdebris flow
flo...
FLOODS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIESFLOODS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
appling remote sensing
ITHACA AND GEOSITLAB
COOPERATION
GEOGR...
2007 ZAMBESI FLOOD2007 ZAMBESI FLOODenhancing remote sensing
hydraulic evaluation of
flood extent
MozambiqueMozambique
cha...
inputs and outputs of a regional inventory of landslide
AOSTA VALLEY IFFIAOSTA VALLEY IFFI
Italian Landslide Inventory
(IF...
TO THE GROUNDTO THE GROUND
FIRST STEP WAS SRG2
acronym from italian Supporto al Rilevamento Geologico e Geomorfologico
(Support to Geological and Geo...
ARCPAD EXTENSIONARCPAD EXTENSION
• 16 layers (shape file format)
and associated databases
• toolbar
• selectable attribute...
2. HISTORICAL DATA
1. REMOTE SENSING
3. GEOLOGICAL MAPPING
DATA CONTROL
THROUGH BUFFER
ANALYSIS
NON-CORRELABLE DATA
DISTIN...
hazard mapping
LANDSLIDE GENERAL STATISTICSLANDSLIDE GENERAL STATISTICS
N.D. 844
Falls 973
Slides 632
Flows (slow) 49
Flow...
SEISMIC MICROZONATIONSEISMIC MICROZONATIONSRG2 improvement
FEATURE IMPROVEMENT OF SRG2 WITH GEOLOCICAL AND
GEOMORPHOLOGICA...
DRONERO TEST SITEDRONERO TEST SITESRG2 on the ground Northern Italy
Quaternary deposits
1 eluvial-colluvial deposits
2 rec...
PALM VS TABLETPALM VS TABLETour philosophy
+ really light and easy to carry on
+ GPS
+ long life batteries
+ easy interfac...
EMERGENCY RELIEFEMERGENCY RELIEFtempo
Human Security approach focalised relief
effort on a people-centred recovery activit...
POST SEISMIC AREA SURVEYgeomorphological effects of earthquakes
The post seismic geomorphological mapping was aimed to the...
BUILDING DAMAGE INVENTORYBUILDING DAMAGE INVENTORYEarthquake Damage and Inhabitable Assessment Form
The Italian National S...
EDIAF IN HAITIEDIAF IN HAITI ongoing activity
Poor concrete frame house
Hut
Haitian tipical buildings
Masonry church
BEFOR...
EDIAF IN HAITIEDIAF IN HAITIon site test
earthquakes
landslides
floods
hurricanes
famine
winter storms
cyclonesdrought
thunderstorms
pandemic
volcanoes
wild fires
...
THANX FOR YOUR
ATTENTION!
ANY THOUGHTS OR
QUESTIONS?
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Gi4DM2010 GIS and geomatics for disaster relief

305

Published on

Geo-information and remote sensing are proper tools to enhance functional strategies for increasing awareness on natural hazard prevention and for supporting research and operational activities devoted to disaster reduction.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
305
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Gi4DM2010 GIS and geomatics for disaster relief"

  1. 1. Torino, 2 – 4 February 2010 Gi4DM 2010 Conference Geomatics for Crisis Management GIS and Geomatics for disaster management and emergency relief: a proactive response to natural hazards M. Giardino, L. Perotti, M. Lanfranco, G. Perrone GeoSITLab, University of Torino Doctoral School in Strategic Sciences, University of Torino Department of Earth Sciences, University of Torino
  2. 2. AGENDA • Disasters • Geomatics • Remote sensing • From the space • On the ground • Palm vs tablet • Hyogo Declaration • Post earthquakes • Haiti
  3. 3. ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION TECHNOLOGICAL HAZMAT HAZARDSCLIMATOLOGICAL METEROLOGICAL HYDROGEOLOGICAL GEOPHISICAL BIOLOGICAL TERRORISM WMD (CBRN-E) CYBER-ATTACK ECONOMIC CRACK
  4. 4. CLIMATOLOGICAL METEROLOGICAL HYDROGEOLOGICAL GEOPHISICAL BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION TECHNOLOGICAL HAZMAT TERRORISM WMD (CBRN-E) CYBER-ATTACK ECONOMIC CRACK HAZARDS
  5. 5. CLIMATOLOGICAL METEROLOGICAL HYDROGEOLOGICAL GEOPHISICAL BIOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION TECHNOLOGICAL HAZMAT TERRORISM WMD (CBRN-E) CYBER-ATTACK ECONOMIC CRACK HAZARDS
  6. 6. DISASTERS natural SLOW ONSETSLOW ONSET FAST ONSETFAST ONSET cyclones landslides floods earthquakes volcanoes … famine drought pandemic climate change … FAST DISASTERS NEED FAST RELIEFFAST DISASTERS NEED FAST RELIEF
  7. 7. 1. CLIMATE RELATED DISASTERS 2. LANDSLIDES 3. EARTHQUAKES SEISMIC MICROZONATION DAMAGE ASSESSMENT HURRICANE FLOODS GEOMATICS PROVIDE BOOST TO GEOLOGICAL AND GEOMORPHOLOGICAL MAPPING IN PREEMPTIVE RESEARCHES WHERE WE WORKspeed up GEOMATICS SHOULD SPEED UP RELIEF OPERATIONS
  8. 8. REMOTE SENSING multispectral sensors and photos DIRECT MAPPING ON THE GROUND entity and attributes going digital WHAT WE DO GEODATABASE / SDI consistency – geoposition and shape NO ANALOGIC / DIGITAL PASSAGE less errors
  9. 9. FROM THE SPACEFROM THE SPACE
  10. 10. THE POLOCHIC VALLEYTHE POLOCHIC VALLEY GUATEMALAGUATEMALAafter the hurricane Mitch - 1998 multitemporal analysis of satellite images acquired before and after the catastrophic flooding related to Hurricane Mitch
  11. 11. THE POLOCHIC VALLEYTHE POLOCHIC VALLEY GUATEMALAGUATEMALAafter the hurricane Mitch - 1998 multitemporal analysis of satellite images acquired before and after the catastrophic flooding related to Hurricane Mitch
  12. 12. MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGESMORPHOLOGICAL CHANGESchannel adjustment and landslide Landsat 5 TM 15/04/1998 (before Mitch) false color RGB 754 image Examples of environment modification induced by hurricane Mitch
  13. 13. MORPHOLOGICAL CHANGESMORPHOLOGICAL CHANGESchannel adjustment and landslide channel narrowing meander cutoffdebris flow flooded areaLandsat 7 ETM+ 23/01/2000 (after Mitch) false color RGB 754 image Examples of environment modification induced by hurricane Mitch
  14. 14. FLOODS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIESFLOODS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES appling remote sensing ITHACA AND GEOSITLAB COOPERATION GEOGRAPHIC DATABASE (SDI) pluviometric regimes flood scenario FLOODS EARLY WARNING SYSTEM rainfall values FLOODS EARLY IMPACT ANALISYS data acquired during and after the event FLOODPLAIN MODELING hydrologic and hydraulic modelling geomorphological aspects will be considered to identify the potentially floodable areas Risk Management forecasting early impact analisys post emergency SDI scenario flood early waring flooded areas disaster area safe areas 3 days 7 days FLOOD mod. from ITHACA, 2007
  15. 15. 2007 ZAMBESI FLOOD2007 ZAMBESI FLOODenhancing remote sensing hydraulic evaluation of flood extent MozambiqueMozambique channel and flood-plain morphology GEOMORPHOLOGICAL CONSTRAIN TO HYDRAULIC EVALUATION
  16. 16. inputs and outputs of a regional inventory of landslide AOSTA VALLEY IFFIAOSTA VALLEY IFFI Italian Landslide Inventory (IFFI Project): • aimed at identifying and mapping landslides over the whole Italian territory • based on standardized criteria • started in 1997 • results published in 2007 • last update may 2009 Mountain region Total area (km2) N landslides 2659 Landslide total area (km2) 3262 579,98 Landslide Density (N landslides/Region area) Susceptibility index (Landslides area/Region area) 1,60 0,18
  17. 17. TO THE GROUNDTO THE GROUND
  18. 18. FIRST STEP WAS SRG2 acronym from italian Supporto al Rilevamento Geologico e Geomorfologico (Support to Geological and Geomorphological Mapping) • POSITIONING • INSTRUMENTS • DATA GPS vector format with dedicated forms Pocket PC + ArcPad .SHP.SHP.SHP
  19. 19. ARCPAD EXTENSIONARCPAD EXTENSION • 16 layers (shape file format) and associated databases • toolbar • selectable attributes to shapefile visual basic
  20. 20. 2. HISTORICAL DATA 1. REMOTE SENSING 3. GEOLOGICAL MAPPING DATA CONTROL THROUGH BUFFER ANALYSIS NON-CORRELABLE DATA DISTINCT RECORDS MANTEAINED CORRELABLE DATA RECORDS BEING FUSED FINAL DATABASEFINAL DATABASE AOSTA VALLEY LANDSLIDE INVENTORYworkplan for activities 2002-2006 and 2008-2012
  21. 21. hazard mapping LANDSLIDE GENERAL STATISTICSLANDSLIDE GENERAL STATISTICS N.D. 844 Falls 973 Slides 632 Flows (slow) 49 Flows (rapid) 345 Sinkholes 4 Complexes 443 DsGSDs 263 Falls-prone areas 224 Flows-prone areas 60
  22. 22. SEISMIC MICROZONATIONSEISMIC MICROZONATIONSRG2 improvement FEATURE IMPROVEMENT OF SRG2 WITH GEOLOCICAL AND GEOMORPHOLOGICAL SEISMIC TOPICS activity of faults activation or reactivation of landslides amplification phenomena liquefaction phenomena
  23. 23. DRONERO TEST SITEDRONERO TEST SITESRG2 on the ground Northern Italy Quaternary deposits 1 eluvial-colluvial deposits 2 recent and current fluvial deposits 3 landslide deposits 4 debris and slope-deposits 5 stream and alluvial fan deposits 6 ancient fluvial deposits Pre-Quaternary substratum 7 dolomitic marble and dolomites 8 micascists and metabasites Structural elements 9 fault Hydrography-related elements 10 fluvial terrace < 10 metres 11 fluvial terrace > 10 metres 2 deeply incised valley 13 buried river bed Slope elements 14 scarp < 10 metres Other symbols 15 borehole 16 village boundary 17 geophysical investigation 18 trace of the geological section geomorphological map for seismic microzonation
  24. 24. PALM VS TABLETPALM VS TABLETour philosophy + really light and easy to carry on + GPS + long life batteries + easy interface + a lot of scripts, applets e plugins + developing in Visual, Visual Basic and Java - low graphic functionality - low raster and ASCII data management - slow processor - little screen LOW NEED OF GIS/IT KNOWLEDGE + full hardware + full GIS projecting + full raster / ASCII / vector data management - heavy for continous work - short life batteries HIGH NEED OF GIS/IT KNOWLEDGE
  25. 25. EMERGENCY RELIEFEMERGENCY RELIEFtempo Human Security approach focalised relief effort on a people-centred recovery activity that should guarantee not only the lives of affected people but also their social ties and economic capacities (UN/OCHA, 2009) The Hyogo Declaration stressed that relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction are windows of opportunity for the rebuilding of livelihoods and socio-economic structures to increase individual and community resilience (UN/ISDR, 2005) In complex emergencies, the knowledge management increase exponentially the success of the emergency relief 1. Search and Rescue teams 2. First aid and health care facilities 3. Food and drinking water supply chain 4. Refugee camps organization 5. First rebuilding WLAN SATCOM
  26. 26. POST SEISMIC AREA SURVEYgeomorphological effects of earthquakes The post seismic geomorphological mapping was aimed to the survey of the different landforms characterizing the affected area B.Hazard elements 3.Earthquake effects fault and fracture landslide (fall, slump, slide) trench and notch closed hollow ground failure river modification new spring or pond 4.Instability bend elements steep scarp concave slope rock block (on cliff or slope) isolated ridge and peak deep gorge and canyon A.Geological/geomorphological context 1.Landforms topography (plain, slope, ridge, incision) slope angle (0-10°, 10-30°, >30°) land cover (CORINE) water (spring, in sink, pond, torrent, no-water) 2.Outcropping material material type (rock, soil, debris) rock type (i.e. Bieniawsky) soil type (granulometry and condictions)
  27. 27. BUILDING DAMAGE INVENTORYBUILDING DAMAGE INVENTORYEarthquake Damage and Inhabitable Assessment Form The Italian National Seismic Survey (SSN) developed in 2000 a first level damage form (AeDES) utilized with minor revision until the recent “l’Aquila” earthquake GeoSITLab translate the form in English and modified some issues to adapt it to Developing Countries building structures building position building damage building risk
  28. 28. EDIAF IN HAITIEDIAF IN HAITI ongoing activity Poor concrete frame house Hut Haitian tipical buildings Masonry church BEFOREHAITIEARTHQUAKE AFTERHAITIEARTHQUAKE
  29. 29. EDIAF IN HAITIEDIAF IN HAITIon site test
  30. 30. earthquakes landslides floods hurricanes famine winter storms cyclonesdrought thunderstorms pandemic volcanoes wild fires THE WAY AHEADTHE WAY AHEAD
  31. 31. THANX FOR YOUR ATTENTION! ANY THOUGHTS OR QUESTIONS?

×