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9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1
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9th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1

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For Student Use Only

For Student Use Only

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  • 1. 9 th Grade Chapter 5 Lesson 1 Pgs. 110-119 For Student Use Only
  • 2. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Chemistry: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study of materials and their function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry has been around for a long time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1800s foundations for modern chemistry were made </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry today is highly advanced </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Matter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matter= anything that occupies space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two pieces of matter cannot occupy the same space at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matter has inertia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inertia- resistance to changes in motion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Newton’s 1 st Law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matter has mass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amount of matter an object contains </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 4. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Matter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matter CANNOT be created or destroyed under normal circumstances it only changes form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matter has three basic shapes: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solid= definite size and shape </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid= definite volume, no definite shape </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gas= no definite shape or volume </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VOLUME= amount of space matter takes up </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 5. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Matter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4 th state of Matter: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plasma= hot gas where atoms begin to break down (not found on Earth)= stars are made of plasma </li></ul></ul></ul>http://www.grc.nasa.gov/WWW/K-12/airplane/Images/state.gif
  • 6. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Composition of Matter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Dalton proposed the atomic theory of matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All matter is made of atoms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elements are made up of one kind of atom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compounds are made up of more than one kind of atom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Molecules are made up of groups of atoms joined together </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 7. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Matter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elements are the “building blocks” of the universe. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As of 1995 there are 109 elements: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>88 occur naturally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>21 have been made in the lab </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 8. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Matter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic Symbols: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standardized set of symbols for elements </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical symbol stands for element and is based on common or Latin name </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Na= Sodium </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>C= Carbon </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pb= Lead </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>H= hydrogen </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He= Helium </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 9. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Matter in Motion: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kinetic Energy: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brownian Motion= molecules under microscope move </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kinetic Theory of Matter= molecules of matter are in constant motion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More energy= faster motion </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brownian Motion occurs because large objects will be collided on one side more than the other </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 10. Chemistry and Matter <ul><li>Matter: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffusion= </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occurs from higher concentration to a lower concentration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Osmosis: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Concentration from higher to lower through a semi-permeable membrane </li></ul></ul></ul>

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