2   psychiatric research
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2   psychiatric research 2 psychiatric research Presentation Transcript

  • MEDICAL ENGLISH TEAM N° 02 LATEST RESEARCHES ON PSIQUIATRY INTEGRANTS : CARRIÓN ARCELA FIORELLA CHIQUINTA SALINAS CRISTIAN CUSTODIO BALLENA SPENCER FERNANDEZ MEZA MERCY FERNANDEZ PEÑA DAYTON REYES CARRASCO WILLIAM
  • potential advances in the treatment prematur of e death is one of the leading causes disabilit yAVAILABLE Effective ----- DRUGS have substantial limitations
  • Recent new antidepressant advances treatment strategiesmelatonin-receptor agonist EFFECTS
  • gastrointesti treated with nal not side effects sexua l metabolicimproves the quality of sleep reduced waking after sleep on set
  • Chromatin modifications, especially histone-tail acetylation, have been implicated in memory formation inhibitors of histone deacetylases (HDACis)Increased histone-tail acetylation facilitates learning and memory
  • for harnessing the therapeutic potential of HDACis requiresknowledge of to cognitive the specific linked enhancementHDAC family member(s)
  • in increased synapse number memory facilitationsynapse number learning impairment of HDAC2- overexpressing mice
  • NEUROIMAGING ANDNEUROPSYCHOLOGY OFOBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER: RECENT ADVANCES
  • Neuroimaging and Neuropsychology of obsessive- compulsive disorder: RECENT ADVANCES This has contributed significantly to our understanding of the neural basis of this disorder
  • RESULTS Structural Functional imaging studies Imaging studies hyperactivity of cortico-striatal circuit-Volumetric abnormalities thalamic in the striatum nucleus specific and other structures orbitofrontal cortex and caudate nucleus
  • New paradigms of neuroactivation METABOLICABNORMALITIES IN OCD Dysfunctional origin striate nucleus to other cortical that regions to "take his "forcing" place"
  • The most recent neuropsychological studies using more refined designs provided new dates can integrate the above results therefore Cognitive deficits in OCD are secondary to system malfunctions EXECUTIVE
  • Disorder by attention deficit and hyperactivity The lack of treatmentproblems of school performance reduced quality of life in the short, medium and long term increasesthe possibility of using drugs having a personality disorder
  • Disorder by attention deficit and hyperactivity neurodevelopmental disorder CAUSED BY brain maturationcausality genetic alteration in the neurotransmissionpsychopathologicalexpression dopaminergic and noradrenergic system not dependent onthe environment,
  • Disorder by attention deficit and hyperactivityThe hyperactive need to move moremaintain the required level of alertness whileperforming tasks that challenge their working memoryChildren who suffer from DADH more likely than other childrento commit crimes when they grow up.
  • DADH share genetic risk with cigarette smokingEarly DADH treatment can prevent consume of drug DADH share genetic risk with asma
  • that SSRIs are no more effective in the treatment of depression than other kinds of older drugs,such as tricyclic antidepressants PLACEBO initial treatment patients with mild or moderate depression
  • OTHERSThe cutaneous pathology may mask a psychiatricdisorderdiagnosis of autism using tomography