GROUP N° 09PROFESSOR : DRA. ROSA GONZALES LLONTOPSTUDENTS: BALLENA RÁZURI, LUIS ANDRÉ. CORONADO VIDARTE, KRISTIAN ALB DÁVILA DÍAZ, JOB JOEL. SALINAS GUTIÉRREZ , CINTHYA. SUYÓN DELGADO, ALEXANDRA. YONG CADENA, HUGO ALBERTO.
• Cutaneous bullous eruptions all over theA body • Itchy skin rashB • Fever • Flu-like symptomsC
SMALLPOX an infectious disease unique to humanscaused by either of two virus variants Variola major Variola minor. Latin names Variola or Variola vera
SMALLPOX Smallpox localizes in small blood vessels skin mouth throatIn the skin it results in a characteristicmaculopapular rash and, later, raised fluid-filledblisters. V. major produces a more serious disease and has an overall mortality rate of 30–35%. V. minor causes a milder form of disease which kills about 1% of its victims.
TransmissionTransmission occurs through inhalation of airborne variola usually droplets expressed from the oral nasal pharyngeal mucosa an infected person
Major smallpox criteria Fever (>101°F) precedes the rash by 2 to 4 days. Malaise, head and body aches. Classic small lesions: deep-seated,firm/hard vesicles or pustules. Lesions in same stage of development on any one part of the body.
Minor smallpox criteria Begins on face which spreads to extremities. First lesions on the oral mucosa, face or forearms. Slow evolution of lesion: macules to papules to pustules. Lesions on the palms and soles. Patient appears toxic or moribund.
CHICKENPOX • Is a highly contagious illness caused by primary infection with varicella zoster 1 virus • Chickenpox is an airborne disease spread easily through coughing or sneezing of ill individuals or through direct contact with 2 secretions from the rash. • A person with chickenpox is infectious one to two days before the rash appears. • They remain contagious until all lesions 3 have crusted over
Fever ItchSigns andsymptoms Sore Throat Body Aches
Decreased AppetiteSigns and headachesymptoms fatigue, and irritability
CLINICIAN DIFFERENTIATEBETWEEN SMALLPOX AND CHICKENPOX
SMALLPOX CHICKENPOX face abdomen chest forearms hand legs feetTypical smallpox rash Typical chickenpox rash distribution distribution
SMALLPOX Lesions present on palms of hands and soles of feet.CHICKENPOX Lesions rarely seen on palms of hands and soles of feet.
THE RASH OF CHICKENPOX AND SMALLPOX ON DIFFERENT DAYSOn day 2, the differentiation On day 3, the rash of each is impossible disease are very similar
THE RASH OF CHICKENPOX AND SMALLPOX ON DIFFERENT DAYS big rashBy day 5, the differentiation is clear.In the chickenpox there are papules, vesicles and pustules present.However, the smallpox lesions are at the same stage of development. small rash
THE RASH OF CHICKENPOX AND SMALLPOX ON DIFFERENT DAYS By day 7, most of the chickenpoxlesions have already formed scabs, in the smallpox not yet formed. On day 10, the chickenpox scabs have fallen off, while the smallpox scabs are just beginning to form.
There is no actual cure Treatment mainly consists of easing the symptoms while the immune system clears the virus from the body The condition resolves by itself with in a couple of weeksIt is important to avoid•To maintain good hygiene secondary•Daily cleaning of skin with warm water bacterial infection Use anti-itching creams and lotions