Medical EnglishProfesor: Dr. Rosa Gonzáles LlontopTeam: Campos Milian Leidy Jackelin Chavesta Manrique Xinthia Huamán Cueva Zoila Racchumí Nima Anita Luz Ramírez Armas Karina Paola Group N° 6 Velásquez Espinal José Luis
1 INTRODUCTION Proper nutrition, in quantity and quality is key to good physical and intellectual development of children. A child suffering Proper from functioning and Survival malnutrition development of affected their body their Cognitive and intellectual development
2 What is malnutrition? Malnutrition can be defined as the insufficient, excessive or imbalanced consumption of nutrients.
Malnutrition is the gravest single threat to global public health.WHO adds that malnutritionduring childhood usually resultsin worse health and lowereducational achievements duringadulthood.
3 What are the causes of malnutrition? The malnutrition has multiple origins, but in our country are: Poverty Hunger Ignorance causes more importants
Approximately 80% ofFood prices and food malnourished children live indistribution developing nations that actually produce food surpluses. Lack of breastfeeding
Poor diet Digestive disorders and stomach conditions.
4 What are the signs and symptoms? Breathing difficulties, a higher risk of respiratory failure Depression
The immune system is weakened, increasing the Higher risk of infections. susceptibility to feeling coldLonger healing times forwounds Longer recover times frominfections
Reduced muscle massLonger recovery from illnesses Reduced tissue mass Tiredness, fatigue, or apathy Irritability
Skin may becomethin, dry, inelastic, pale If calorie deficiency, and cold continues for long enough, there may be heart, liver and respiratory failure
PERU’S PERCEIVED NEEDAccording to the nationalcensus, 48% of schoolchildren in the country arechronically malnourished.Dietary deficiencies ofvitamin A, iron, iodine andenergy are a major concernthroughout the country
Table Nº 1Chronic malnutrition, infant mortality and extreme poverty by departments
Table Nº 2Chronic malnutrition, infant mortality and extreme poverty by provinces
CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN THE POOPERST DISTRICTS ANDEAN 2000 2007 2010Huancavelica 53,4% 52,2% 44,7% Huanuco 42,8% 41,5% 31,0% Ayacucho 33,6% 36,8% 30,3% Puno 29,7% 29,1% 19,0%
Table Nº 3CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARSWHO IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS DIRESA-PERU ISEMESTER 2011
CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS WHO IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS DIRESA-PERU I SEMESTER 2011Huancavelica 37,2% Cutervo 25,1% Cajamarca 31,3% Ancash 24,1% Chota 30,5% Cusco 22,0%Andahuaylas 30,3% Pasco 20,2% Apurimac 30,1% Puno 18,1% Huánuco 25,7% Moquegua 4,8%
What are the treatment options for5 malnutrition? The care plan: Their treatment will be Typically, treatment will regularly reviewed to include a feeding program make sure their with a specially planned nutritional needs are diet, being met.
NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMS IN PERU THE SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM Is a nutritional program that targets public primary school children.
VASO DE LECHE (VL)Was designed to target childrenunder 6 year old and pregnant orbreastfeeding women
COMEDORES POPULARES Were neighborhoodorganizations originally started by churches parishes and werelocally funded to feed the local population.