Medical EnglishProfesor: Dr. Rosa Gonzáles LlontopTeam:  Campos Milian Leidy Jackelin  Chavesta Manrique Xinthia  Huamán C...
Malnutrition in Peru´s Highland
1               INTRODUCTION               Proper nutrition, in quantity and               quality is key to good physical...
2   What is malnutrition?       Malnutrition can be defined as the       insufficient,     excessive     or       imbalanc...
Malnutrition is the gravest single    threat to global public health.WHO adds that malnutritionduring childhood usually re...
3     What are the causes of         malnutrition?         The malnutrition has multiple         origins, but in our count...
Approximately        80%      ofFood prices and food     malnourished children live indistribution             developing ...
Poor diet            Digestive disorders and            stomach conditions.
Let’s check other information!           Other causes
4        What are the signs and              symptoms?    Breathing difficulties, a    higher risk of    respiratory failu...
The immune system is  weakened, increasing the       Higher     risk of infections.     susceptibility to                 ...
Reduced muscle massLonger recovery from illnesses                                  Reduced tissue mass     Tiredness, fati...
Skin may becomethin, dry, inelastic, pale   If calorie deficiency, and cold                   continues for long          ...
PERU’S PERCEIVED NEEDAccording to the nationalcensus, 48% of schoolchildren in the country arechronically malnourished.Die...
6   What is the reality in        numbers?
Table Nº 1Chronic malnutrition, infant mortality and    extreme poverty by departments
Table Nº 2Chronic malnutrition, infant mortality and     extreme poverty by provinces
CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN THE POOPERST DISTRICTS ANDEAN                  2000           2007           2010Huancavelica     ...
Table Nº 3CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARSWHO IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS DIRESA-PERU ISEMESTER 2011
CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS WHO IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS DIRESA-PERU I SEMESTER 2011Huancavelica    ...
What are the treatment options for5             malnutrition?    The care plan:              Their treatment will be    Ty...
NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMS IN PERU THE SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM      Is a nutritional program that      targets public primary s...
VASO DE LECHE (VL)Was designed to target childrenunder 6 year old and pregnant orbreastfeeding women
COMEDORES POPULARES       Were neighborhoodorganizations originally started by churches parishes and werelocally funded to...
6   highland peruvian malnutrition
6   highland peruvian malnutrition
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6 highland peruvian malnutrition

  1. 1. Medical EnglishProfesor: Dr. Rosa Gonzáles LlontopTeam: Campos Milian Leidy Jackelin Chavesta Manrique Xinthia Huamán Cueva Zoila Racchumí Nima Anita Luz Ramírez Armas Karina Paola Group N° 6 Velásquez Espinal José Luis
  2. 2. Malnutrition in Peru´s Highland
  3. 3. 1 INTRODUCTION Proper nutrition, in quantity and quality is key to good physical and intellectual development of children. A child suffering Proper from functioning and Survival malnutrition development of affected their body their Cognitive and intellectual development
  4. 4. 2 What is malnutrition? Malnutrition can be defined as the insufficient, excessive or imbalanced consumption of nutrients.
  5. 5. Malnutrition is the gravest single threat to global public health.WHO adds that malnutritionduring childhood usually resultsin worse health and lowereducational achievements duringadulthood.
  6. 6. 3 What are the causes of malnutrition? The malnutrition has multiple origins, but in our country are: Poverty Hunger Ignorance causes more importants
  7. 7. Approximately 80% ofFood prices and food malnourished children live indistribution developing nations that actually produce food surpluses. Lack of breastfeeding
  8. 8. Poor diet Digestive disorders and stomach conditions.
  9. 9. Let’s check other information! Other causes
  10. 10. 4 What are the signs and symptoms? Breathing difficulties, a higher risk of respiratory failure Depression
  11. 11. The immune system is weakened, increasing the Higher risk of infections. susceptibility to feeling coldLonger healing times forwounds Longer recover times frominfections
  12. 12. Reduced muscle massLonger recovery from illnesses Reduced tissue mass Tiredness, fatigue, or apathy Irritability
  13. 13. Skin may becomethin, dry, inelastic, pale If calorie deficiency, and cold continues for long enough, there may be heart, liver and respiratory failure
  14. 14. PERU’S PERCEIVED NEEDAccording to the nationalcensus, 48% of schoolchildren in the country arechronically malnourished.Dietary deficiencies ofvitamin A, iron, iodine andenergy are a major concernthroughout the country
  15. 15. 6 What is the reality in numbers?
  16. 16. Table Nº 1Chronic malnutrition, infant mortality and extreme poverty by departments
  17. 17. Table Nº 2Chronic malnutrition, infant mortality and extreme poverty by provinces
  18. 18. CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN THE POOPERST DISTRICTS ANDEAN 2000 2007 2010Huancavelica 53,4% 52,2% 44,7% Huanuco 42,8% 41,5% 31,0% Ayacucho 33,6% 36,8% 30,3% Puno 29,7% 29,1% 19,0%
  19. 19. Table Nº 3CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARSWHO IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS DIRESA-PERU ISEMESTER 2011
  20. 20. CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS WHO IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES AS DIRESA-PERU I SEMESTER 2011Huancavelica 37,2% Cutervo 25,1% Cajamarca 31,3% Ancash 24,1% Chota 30,5% Cusco 22,0%Andahuaylas 30,3% Pasco 20,2% Apurimac 30,1% Puno 18,1% Huánuco 25,7% Moquegua 4,8%
  21. 21. What are the treatment options for5 malnutrition? The care plan: Their treatment will be Typically, treatment will regularly reviewed to include a feeding program make sure their with a specially planned nutritional needs are diet, being met.
  22. 22. NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMS IN PERU THE SCHOOL BREAKFAST PROGRAM Is a nutritional program that targets public primary school children.
  23. 23. VASO DE LECHE (VL)Was designed to target childrenunder 6 year old and pregnant orbreastfeeding women
  24. 24. COMEDORES POPULARES Were neighborhoodorganizations originally started by churches parishes and werelocally funded to feed the local population.

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