Pedro Ruiz Gallo NATIONAL UNIVERSITYSUBJECT: MEDICAL ENGLISH PROFESSOR:
GROUP 8: Burga Cueva Jonatan Cabanillas Ventura JorgeChapoñán Bances Cristhian Torres Tafur KarinaZulueta Santacruz Jaroslav Zúñiga Callacna Gustavo
Is a chronic (long-term) diseasePeople are obsessed with alcohol and cannot control how much they consume. even If it is causing serious problems at home, work and financially
ALCOHOL ABUSE Refers to people who do not display the characteristics of alcoholism but still have a problem with ALCOHOLThese people are not as dependent on alcohol asan alcoholic is.They have not completely lost their controlover its consumption
CAUSES OF the exact cause of alcoholism is unknownALCOHOLISM Research has shown increasing evidence that susceptibility to it may be inherited This medical condition rises significantly in families with relatives who are dependent on alcohol Additional risk factors Schizophrenia, depression, or anxiety disorders. Poverty, social isolation, and shyness may also be risk factors.
Continue to drink even affected are health, work or family. Drinking alonethey try to hide the alcohol consumption
They become violent when they drink. Become hostile when asked about drinking. dont take a part in activities at alcoholMissing work or school or have a decrease in performance due to drinking.
They do not care or are ignorant of how they are dressed or if they are clean.They need drinking more and more Make excuses for drinking.
withdrawal symptoms when you stop drinking. These include upsetstomach, sweating, shakiness, and anxiety.
HEART KIDNEY BRAIN ON has SMALLLIVER INTESTINE causes Affects to HEART
PHYSICAL CONSEQUENCES Nervous system Low attetion Alteration of language and memory. injury to the nerve cells Digestive systemIn LIVER: Cirrhosis, Steatosis or alcoholichepatitis.Alcohol is the main cause of:• acute pancreatitis• chronic pancreatitis.
immune systemLow defenses, so it’s easier to get sick. Reproductive system impotence in men and infertility in women.
During pregnancy ALCOHOL causes the FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME:• Low weight• craniofacial malformations• learning disorders.
PSYCHOLOGICAL PROBLEMS which leads to DEPRESSION SUICIDE PSYCHOSISHALLUCINATIONS DEMENTIA
SOCIAL PROBLEMS which leads toPoor job performance Unemployment Social rejectionTRAFFIC ACCIDENTS (50% of them)
FAMILY PROBLEMSFamily violence Aggressiveness Family Dysfunction
antidipsotropicos drugs or aversive interfere with alcohol metabolism disulfiram inhibit the action of the aldehidodeshidrogensa lead to increased plasma levels of acetaldehyde responsible for the symptomatology of tachycardia, hypotension, f calcium lushing, headache, etc. cyanamide
GABAERGIC DRUGS AND GLUTAMATE ACTION tiapride • Antipsychotic low power hydroxybutyric acid • is a derivative of the amino acid taurine. Relieves withdrawal symptoms conditioned by environmentalAcamprosate stimuli.
OPIOID ANTAGONIST • was the first drug that was given to a specific effect on theNaltrexoma desire to drink and alcohol treatment. Reduces the tendency to relapse after a timely consumption. NALMEFENE
Dopaminergic and serotonergic drugslong-acting dopamine agonist bromocript Ondanset ine ron Buspirone