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Research

  1. 1. Eco-Challenge .2011Fremd High School Eco- Challenge
  2. 2. Location and Temperature • Located on the Atlantic in the southern part of West Africa • Liberia’s capital, Monrovia, is situated • on a peninsula and is the country’s • major port. Other major towns include • Buchanan and Ganta. The country is divided into fifteen administrative counties. Leone, Guinea, and Côte dIvoire. • Liberia is bordered by Sierra  It is comparable in size to Tennessee  Most of the country is a plateau covered by dense tropical forests, which thrive under an annual rainfall of about 160 in. a year.http://www.infoplease.com/atlas/country/liberia.html  Liberia has a tropical climate with average temperatures ranging from 70 degrees Fahrenheit.  The temperature never goes above 100° F.  There is a very small temperature change from day to night.  There are two seasons – the wet from May to October and the dry from November to April  In August 2003, a comprehensive peace agreement ended 14 years of civil war http://blog.conservation.org/wp- content/uploads/2009/06/boy_liberia.jpg
  3. 3. http://www.der.org/films/image s/liberia-americas-stepchild.jpg  Liberia was plunged into civil war when Charles Taylor led a rebellion against Doe’s Government in 1989; Taylor won the presidency, through duress, in 1997. A number of factions became involved in the fighting and the United Nations (UN) estimates that 150 000 Liberians were killed with a further 850 000 fleeing into neighboring Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, Guinea and Ghana  The security situation is still volatile and the process of rebuilding the social and economic structure of this war- torn country remains sluggish. http://www.30-days.net/muslims/wp- content/uploads/p37_d22_liberia.jpg  The president is Ellen Johnson-Sirleafhttp://news.brown.edu/files/article_images/Sirleaf.jpg  The population is: 3,685,076  Natural resources: Iron ore; rubber; timber; diamonds; gold; tin; possible offshore deposits of crude oil.  Liberia is linguistically diverse: there are approximately 30 languages spoken and, as with ethnic groups  two decades of political instability, government corruption and poor economic management have left the Liberian economy destitute; the unemployment rate stood at an estimated 85 per cent in 2003 and external debt  totaled $3.2 billion in 2005.  Many business people fled the country during the violence and foreign investment was significantly reduced. Sources of overseas aid declined during the civil war and its immediate aftermath due to concerns about human rights abuses and bureaucratic corruption
  4. 4.  Approximately 40 per cent of Liberians practice Christianity while 20 per cent are Muslim. The remaining 40 per cent follow traditional indigenous animist beliefs (which may include belief in spirits). Ancestors are sometimes worshipped in Liberian culture as they are believed to influence current events.  Liberia has extremely poor standards of public health.  Liberian literacy rates have risen steadily since 1990. However, while adult male literacy is around 72 per cent, adult female literacy is very low with only 39 per cent of Liberian women being literate.  Schooling in Liberia consists of primary schools providing six years of study and junior and senior high schools that each provide three years of study. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the- http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/assets/images/2009/11/25/091125165555_liberia_westpoint_s world-factbook/graphics/flags/large/li-lgflag.gif hanty466.jpghttp://www.lutheranworld.org/Images/LWF_Photos/Photos_DWS/DWS-Countries_Photos/DWS-Liberia-Refugees-big.jpghttp://farm6.static.flickr.com/5047/5302898617_cb99d9e82b.jpg http://cache.boston.com/resize/bonzai- fba/Globe_Photo/2008/11/26/1227759048_1684/539w.jpg
  5. 5. The Need Shoes can offer protection and comfort to countless people in Liberia who lack these essentialneeds. Also, they are mandatory in some regions for a child to receive a full education. Just bywearing a pair of shoes, a child could be on the path to a healthier and prosperous future.Why do we need shoes? For people in developed nations, shoes are regarded as a customary possession and are not seenas a privilege to own. They mainly serve as a fashion statement and are designed with color and style inmind. This is not the case for many people in the Liberia. For them and most other third world nations,shoes are seen as a gift of survival and opportunities. Proper sanitation cannot be placed under highpriority in a nation that struggles to fight unstable government and economic issues. Having pathwaysand areas near living places that cannot be distinguished between waste and feces infested areas pose aserious threat to most children and adults. This concern is amplified with the fact that the method oftransportation is largely by footand that most natives cannotafford foot protection. It isclearly evident that problemssuch as these are a majorinfluence on the decrease inpopulation between the agegroups of adolescence andadulthood as seen in this graph. http://www.nationmaster.com/country/li-liberia/Age-_distributionThere are many diseases and parasitic infections that can be contracted through the feet. One commondisease that one could receive by walking barefoot is Podoconiosis, or "mossy foot". It is a type of non-filarial Elephantiasis, rampant in many African nations. It is obtained when small particles of silicapenetrate the skin of people walking barefoot across volcanic soil. The particles enter the lymphaticsystem and clog the lymphatic, causing Elephantiasis. This gruesome disease can easily be preventedby wearing some type of foot protection to keep ones feet separated from the soil. Schistosomiasis is adisease caused by parasitic worms. It affects 200 million people worldwide including much of Africa.
  6. 6. Its highest occurrence and severity is in school-aged children.Infection occurs when your skin comes in contact withcontaminated fresh water in which certain types of snails that carryschistosomes are living. The parasite leaves the snail and entersthe water where it can penetrate the skin of persons who is incontact with the contaminated water. Within several weeks, wormsgrow inside the blood vessels of the body and produce eggs. Thebody reacts to the eggs with fever, chills, cough and muscle aches.Excretion of the eggs through urine and feces complete the lifecycle of the worm. Repeated infections can damage the liver,intestines, lung and bladder. Use Once again, simply wearingshoes can minimize the occurrence of this disease. Another majorconcern of the lack of shoes to children are the minimal education opportunities offered to them. Inregions of Africa, a child is required to wear a pair of shoes; otherwise they are denied a propereducation. This offers numerous limits to the individual people but to the countries as well. If a child isnot allowed to get a thorough education, they are most likely not going to be able to prosper andadvance sociably. And with this pattern occurring to millions of children across the nation, the countryas a whole will not have the potential to advance both humanly and regarding technology.
  7. 7.  Shoes 4 Souls collects shoes from people and then gives them to people in need. over 125 countries, including Kenya, Thailand, Nepal and the United States useful only if your shoe size has been donated and old shoes may not last much longer or be good for wearing constantly.  Shoe4Africa gives shoes and education to Africans.  They also help educate about AIDS  Also building a school and a hospital
  8. 8.  Heart and Sole MSU collects shoes to send overseas to needy people  Also accepts donations of money to cover shipping costs  Does not have enough money to ship all shoes off One World Running collects shoes and donates them to those in need of running shoes Some of the shoes are new; many are "near-new," which are the ones sent overseas. The shoes that are beat up and not suit- able for shipment are sent to Nike in Beaverton, Ore., through Boulders Eco-Cycle program, to be ground up and made into running tracks and playgrounds through the Reuse-a-Shoe program.
  9. 9.  The Shoe Bank collects shoes and donates them to those in need around the world In 2006, five thousand children received shoes in India, Sri Lanka, and Thailand, following the tidal waves that hit Southeast Asia. In 2001, seven thousand pairs of children’s shoes were shipped to El Salvador and distributed to earthquake victims. In 2000, four thousand pairs of shoes were delivered to orphans of war in Burundi, Kenya, and Mozambique. In 1999, four thousand pairs of children’s shoes were sent to Albania and given to refugees fleeing Kosovo. When Hurricane Mitch hit Central America in September of 1998, The Shoe Bank provided six thousand pairs of shoes for children inNicaragua, Guatemala, and Honduras. The Shoe Bank has also supported orphanages in Rumania, Turkey, Ecuador, Columbia, Mexico, and Costa Rica. Also Cameroon and Afganistan
  10. 10.  Sole Responsibility collects gently used running shoes and donates them to those in need around the world through the guidance of the United Nations High Commission for Refugees. After consulting with the United Nations to determine the area of greatest need, we have been asked to send our shoes Ethiopia in Africa this year. Since starting in 2005, our collections have gone to Chad, Rwanda, Lesotho, and Cameroon. Only collect running shoes
  11. 11.  TOMS shoes gives a pair of shoes to a children in need for every pair someone buys Children get new shoes that are stylish
  12. 12. Works CitedC.I.A. "CIA - The World Factbook." Welcome to the CIA Web Site — Central Intelligence Agency. 19 Apr. 2010. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/li.html>."Geography and Map of Liberia." Geography Home Page - Geography at About.com. 1 Nov. 2005. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://geography.about.com/library/cia/blcliberia.htm>.“Liberia.” Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, biographies, Dictionary Thesaurus. Free Online Reference, Research & Homework Help. – Infoplease.com. <http://www.infoplease.com/country/profiles/liberia.html> May 2001. Web. 09 Feb. 2011.LBC. "Shoes + Love = TOMS." Hugbacker - People with Really Big Shoulders…. 16 Aug. 2009. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://www.hugbacker.com/tag/toms-shoes>."MSUCOM: Public Relations - Heart and Sole." MSU College of Osteopathic Medicine - Front Page. Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://www.com.msu.edu/pub-rel/heartandsole/>.NationMaster. "NationMaster - Liberian Population Pyramids." NationMaster - World Statistics, Country Comparisons. 17 July 2003. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://www.nationmaster.com/country/li-liberia/Age-_distribution>.Palmer, Philip. "Tropical Medicine Central Resource." Tropical Medicine Central Resource - from USUHS. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://tmcr.usuhs.mil/tmcr/chapter26/clinical19.htm>.Sandrock, Michae. "One World Running ." One World Running. Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://oneworldrunning.blogspot.com/>.
  13. 13. "Shoes4Souls." Soles4Souls | A Shoe Charity Recycling Shoes For People In Need. Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://www.soles4souls.org/>."Sole Responsibility." Sole Responsibility - Home. Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://www.soleresponsibility.org/>."The Shoe Bank." The Shoe Bank. Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://www.shoebank.org/>."TOMS Shoes." Official Store - TOMS Shoes - One for One - A Pair of New Shoes Is Given to a Child in Need With Every Pair Purchased | TOMS.com. Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://www.toms.com/>."Why It Is Extremely Important to Get Shoes To Africa… « Shoes4schools’s Blog." Shoes4schools’s Blog. Web. 10 Feb. 2011. <http://shoes4schools.wordpress.com/2008/12/28/why-it-is-extremely-importan t-to-get-shoes-to-africa/>.Wikipedia. "Liberia." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 8 Feb. 2011. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberia>.

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