Central & western africa


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Central & western africa

  1. 1. Central & Western Africa Cultural Geography Chapter 14 Mrs. Stephanie Holland
  2. 2.  All lands below the Sahara are called Sub-Saharan Africa.  The environment and cultures of Saharan Africa and Western and Central Africa differ radically.
  3. 3. Climate  The equator runs through the center of the region.  In the equator region, much like the Amazon River Basin, there is a continual dump of rain.  A few degrees north and south of the equator the winds begin to shift creating a rainy and a dry season.
  4. 4. Life in Africa  The village is the most important concept in understanding African life.  Tribalism – Strong identification with a tribe that speaks the same language or dialect  African villages whose inhabitants have a common ancestor is called a clan.  Polygamy is common in Africa – it is a sign of wealth.
  5. 5.  Initiation rites are ceremonies that many Africans must go through to mark their official transition from childhood to adulthood.  A strong tribal chief unites several villages using headmen as administrators.  The official language of African nations is usually the language of the most recent European ruler.  European colonialism has caused many to have a mixture of traditional ways and modern Western ways. The cities lean toward Western ideas and villagers are more traditional.
  6. 6.  Fear of demonic spirits dominates tribal religions. They follow animism, the worship of the “souls” of animals, rivers, trees, and other objects.  Shamans are called witch doctors. They communicate with spirits, offer healing and use sorcery.  The southern tip of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is poor, even though it is rich in resources. Poor leadership has wasted its wealth.
  7. 7.  The greatest benefit to Africa from its contact with European countries has been the spread of the gospel.  Europeans introduced modern economic and political ideas.  The struggle for independence has left parts of Africa politically unstable.  Autocrats  All rule with an iron fist. French colonies were independent by 1960.
  8. 8. Disease  Causes and complications of disease in Western and Central Africa:      Because of poverty, many people are malnourished and do not receive adequate medical care. The number of medical professionals is low and health care is often only available in cities. Disease-carrying insects are common Ignorance about health risks and the spread of disease. Rampant immorality assist the spread of HIV/AIDS, but many refuse to alter their behavior.
  9. 9.  Dense jungles, wild animals and rough waters plague Africa, but not as harshly as disease.  The tsetse fly is responsible for the spread of the African sleeping sickness. Approximately sixty six million people in Africa have sleeping sickness.
  10. 10.  Aedes fever.  Snails aegypti mosquito carries yellow carry the disease bilharzia.  Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest rate of AIDS in the world. Currently approximately 64% of the people who are infected with the HIV/AIDS virus live there. It is spread via sexual contact and sometimes by drug users who use dirty needles.
  11. 11. People  Pygmies – short people of Africa who have an intimate knowledge of the jungle.  Hausa, Ibo, and Yoruba – three largest ethnic groups.  Bantu - Smallest tribal group in Gabon.  Hausa tribe of Nigeria is predominantly Muslim
  12. 12. Places  Equatorial Guinea – consists of several islands and a small region on the African mainland.  Brazzaville – Largest city in all the countries formerly known as French West Africa  The Congo River has a discharge volume second only to the Amazon River.  It drains all or part of five different countries.
  13. 13.  Benin – 2/3 of its people practice voodoo.  Burkina men” Faso – Upper Volta – “land of upright  Democratic Republic of the Congo – Formerly the Belgian Congo – Lowest per capita calorie intake.  Equatorial language.  Gambia Guinea – Spanish is its official – Smallest country in Africa
  14. 14.  Ghana – Gold Coast  Liberia – Not colonized by Europeans – first black republic in Africa  Nigeria – Most populous (greatest population – provides 1/5 of US oil imports – different because it was an English colony.  Sao Tome and Principe – First inhabitants were the Portuguese.  Sierra Leone – One of the world’s leading producers of diamonds – “lion mountains”
  15. 15.  Monrovia Monroe. – city named after James  Togo – controlled by the United Nations via a trusteeship from the end of WWII to 1960.  The Central African Republic – The only landlocked Central African country.  Kinshasa Africa. – Largest city in sub-Saharan
  16. 16.  Slave Coast – The region of Western Africa along the curving eastern portion of the Gulf of Guinea coast.