Sierra Leone

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A look at the poorest country in the world.

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Sierra Leone

  1. 1. Poverty in Sierra Leone<br />Why are the farmers in this country starving when it is a major diamond supplier?<br />By Sam Railey<br />
  2. 2. Sierra Leone<br />According to the Human Development Index, Sierra Leone is the poorest country in the world<br />75% of the population lives below the poverty line<br />Life expectancy is only 55 years, one of the lowest in the world<br />35% of the population is literate<br />The richest 20% of the country controls 63.4% of the national profit<br />
  3. 3. Diamonds<br />More than $125 million in diamonds is made from exports every year<br />Now, in 2010, exports are up 25%<br />Diamond mines are major sources of employment and diamonds are one of the country’s most important products<br />So….<br />
  4. 4. Why is the country so poor?<br />Farmers and mine workers represent the group suffering the worst conditions, even the farmers with land can barely support their family, much less have any surplus to make money<br />Many people are displaced and have no place that they can call home<br />Less than half of the children of the whole country are educated, and many of these children are from the cities: the rural children have much less of a chance at an education<br />
  5. 5. The Civil War<br />Took place between 1991 and 2002<br />The Revolutionary United Front attacked villages and many innocents suffered <br />Their brutal attempts to take over the government and gain diamonds resulted in refugees in the millions and tens of thousands of deaths<br />The RUF even cut off limbs of the villagers they terrorized<br />
  6. 6. After the War<br />Now, democratic reforms are being made and the RUF has been put down<br />Economic gaps still exist and many people live in unsanitary and dangerous conditions<br />Ernest Bai Koroma is the president<br />
  7. 7. Relief Efforts<br />The United Nations and World Bank have donated money and have tried to provide relief<br />Doctors Without Borders has provided medical care to the residents<br />Societies such as Sierra Leone Poverty Relief raise money for many purposes, such as funding children’s education efforts <br />
  8. 8. What We Can Do<br />Financial donations are one of the best ways to help the people of Sierra Leone, especially when used in funding a specific purpose<br />Education, especially for girls, is hard to come by and you can sponsor a child<br />Many children are orphans: adoption can make a huge difference for a child’s future<br />Fundraisers and awareness are very important: as Americans we take our education and safety for granted. But when we see problems such as these, something must be done<br />
  9. 9. Works Cited<br />"Sierra Leone." CIA-The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency, 10 May 2010. Web. 23 May 2010. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sl.html>. <br />"Sierra Leone." Infoplease. N.p., 2009. Web. 24 May 2010. <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107959.html>.<br />"Sierra Leone." EarthTrends. N.p., 2007. Web. 24 May 2010. <http://earthtrends.wri.org/povlinks/country/sierra-leone.php>.<br />"Sierra Leone Relief." Sierra Leone Poverty Relief. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2010. <http://www.sierraleonepovertyrelief.com/>. <br />

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