The State Of The World


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The State of the world

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The State Of The World

  1. 1. State of the World
  2. 2. Multiple stories <ul><ul><li>There are multiple ways of looking at reality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not stop questioning reality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s see some of the challenges! </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Rich/Poor gap <ul><ul><li>Gap between the world’s rich and poor is widening, both within and among countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>45% of the world’s population live on 2 USD or less </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some 30,000 children die each day of preventable diseases. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Rich/Poor gap <ul><ul><li>The assets of the richest 200 people in the world are greater than the combined income of the poorest 2.5 billion people in the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of the 1.3 billion people living in extreme poverty today, more than two-thirds are girls and women. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Rich/Poor gap <ul><ul><li>As population increases, more and more people must share resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty often drives families to treat their children as an economic asset </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Every minute, approximately 50 babies are born into poverty. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Rich/Poor gap <ul><ul><li>Governments are often ineffective or corrupted, and cannot/will not invest in the social and economic reforms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two billion people receive less than adequate nutrition, often because they cannot afford sufficient or suitable food. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Population <ul><ul><li>Between 1900 and 1999, world population quadrupled. Just between 1960 and 1999 it more than doubled, from three billion to over six billion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are currently growing by more than 80 million people every year. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Population <ul><ul><li>As population and consumption increase, there are fewer resources available per person. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At some point, there are not enough resources to go around, and scarcity occurs. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Population <ul><ul><li>Scarcity may lead to migration as people move around in search of more resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Larger populations use more energy and resources, occupy more land, and create more pollution. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Education <ul><ul><li>There are 140 million children between the ages of 6 and 11 not attending school - 23 percent of primary age children in developing countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The majority of them are girls. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 11 percent of women in developing countries are enrolled in higher educational institutions. Thirty-nine percent are enrolled in secondary education . </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Education <ul><ul><li>&quot;As an empowerment right, education is the primary vehicle by which economically and socially marginalized adults and children can lift themselves out of poverty, and obtain the means to participate fully in their communities.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are an estimated 771 million illiterate adults in the world, about 2/3 of whom are women. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Education <ul><ul><li>Nearly 2/3 of the world's illiterate adults are found in only 9 countries, and 45% of the world's 771 million illiterate adults live in India and China (34% and 11% respectively). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The highest numbers of out-of-school children are in Africa and South Asia – in sub-Saharan Africa, some countries record net enrolment ratios for primary education below 70% or even below 50%, and only a handful of countries have net enrolment ratios above 90%. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Education <ul><ul><li>Less than 75 percent of students reach grade 5 of primary school in one-third of countries providing data. In Chad, for example, only one in three pupils starting school reaches the final grade. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers do not meet even the minimum standards for the profession in many low-income countries. In Togo, for example, only two percent of teachers met the minimum national standard of lower secondary education. In Botswana, only 10 percent of teachers made the grade. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Health <ul><li>Despite decades of progress, however, population growth, globalization, and inappropriate development have made health more tenuous than ever for many of the Earth’s people. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Health <ul><li>Inadequate development has resulted in poverty and insufficient health services in much of the world, while over-consumption by industrialized nations has created severe environmental health impacts. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Health <ul><li>Poverty is a major contributor to ill health. Poor people – especially women and children – often cannot afford adequate nutrition, clean water, or access to medical attention. Ill health, in turn, traps people in or condemns them to poverty. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Health <ul><li>An estimated 34,000 children under five die each day from hunger and preventable diseases - 24 every minute </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia alone, which kills over 3 million children a year, is the biggest single killer of children in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 200 million children a year are affected by inadequate vitamin A intake. D eficiency causes blindness and an estimated up to 3 million deaths </li></ul>
  18. 18. Health – HIV/AIDS <ul><li>Up to 24 million adults have been infected with the HIV virus and at least 4 million have died from it. </li></ul><ul><li>Every day 6,000 new HIV infections occur in the world, one every 15 seconds. </li></ul><ul><li>The cumulative death toll from AIDS was expected to reach 8 million by the year 2000. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Governance <ul><ul><li>Ineffective or corrupt governments can allow or promote resource depletion and environmental destruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They distort and disrupt economies, frighten away investors, and discourage relief agencies. </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Governance <ul><ul><li>Governments must promote sustainable economic development and reduce poverty. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good governance is a critical step in improving quality of life, reducing poverty, easing conflict, and protecting the environment. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Environment <ul><ul><li>Almost 40 percent of the earth's land surface has been converted to cropland or permanent pasture and half the planet's tropical forests have been destroyed or degraded. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Environment <ul><li>In Sub-Saharan Africa, 160 million acres of productive land has turned to desert in the last 50 years </li></ul><ul><li>Every year, 49 million acres of tropical forest are cleared outright or severely degraded </li></ul>
  23. 23. Environment <ul><ul><li>An estimated three unique plant, animal or other species go extinct every hour. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some of the damage is a result of scarcity and poverty that force poor nations and individuals to make environmentally unsound decisions to survive. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Environment <ul><ul><li>Much of the damage to the environment is a result of over-consumption of resources and generation of wastes by wealthy nations and individuals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of these impacts pose a threat to human health, security, and livelihoods. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Conflict <ul><ul><li>Despite the end of the Cold War, there are some 30 &quot;high-intensity&quot; wars raging around the planet – virtually all between factions within states – and dozens of more localized conflicts </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Conflict <ul><ul><li>These conflicts cause millions of casualties, as well as social and economic disruptions that threaten food supplies, health, local environments and political stability in many regions. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Conflict <ul><ul><li>World military spending is nearly $800 billion annually – more than 25 times the cost of providing primary education, basic health care, nutrition, clean water, and sanitation worldwide. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Conflict <ul><ul><li>Preparing for, financing, and fighting wars has destabilized local and regional economies, devastated ecosystems and habitats, and polluted water and soil with radioactive and other toxic materials </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Conflict <ul><ul><li>More than five million civilians have died in conflicts during the past decade, and many times that number have been driven from their homes. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Food & Water <ul><ul><li>Billions of people lack access to adequate nutrition and clean water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population growth and increasing per capita food consumption by wealthier nations and people aggravate both hunger and environmental damage from food production. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Food & Water <ul><ul><li>Some 800 million people are chronically hungry and over two billion lack adequate nutrition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the world's hungry people live in Asia (62 percent). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United Nations estimates we will need to increase food production more than 50 percent by 2025 to feed our growing population. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Food & Water <ul><ul><li>More than 80 countries now face water shortages to some degree. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because of population growth, as many as 3 billion people may face chronic water scarcity by 2025. </li></ul></ul>