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EAGLES
 
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    EAGLES EAGLES Presentation Transcript

    • Manthan Topic STEPPING STONES ENHANCING THE QUALITY OF PRIMARY EDUCATION PRIMARY EDUCATION TEAM DETAIL TEAM COORDINATOR TEAM MEMBER AKSHAY SHARMA AVDHESH PORWAL RAMAVTAR BASER RAHUL BHATIA RAGHAVENDRA UPADHYAY
    • Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state, and local. India's education system is divided into different levels such as pre-primary level, primary level, elementary education A. WOMENS EDUCATION:-  Women have a much lower literacy rate than men.  the Indian government has launched Saakshar Bharat Mission for Female Literacy
    •  This mission aims to bring down female illiteracy by half of its present level. B. Rural education:  some segments, or specific target populations such as small and marginal farmers, artisans, women and in general people below the poverty line.  In each of these areas of development there are several programs, schemes and activities C. Vocational education:-  The government of India is taking many positive steps to turn the education vocational and job oriented  Recently the duration of Graduation in Delhi University has been turned of 4 years from 3 years.  Moreover government is taking lots of steps to promote small vocational institutes which provides job oriented courses like aviation related or travel & tourism related courses D. Techanical education :  The number of graduates coming out of technical colleges increased to over 700,000 in 2011 from 550,000 in FY 2010.  From the first Five Year Plan onwards India's emphasis was to develop a pool of scientifically inclined manpower E. Legislative frame work:  Article 45, of the Constitution of India originally stated: “The State shall endeavour to provide, within a period of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years”  Following initiatives by the Supreme Court of India during the 1990s the Ninety-third amendment bill suggested three separate amendments to the Indian constitution
    •  The constitution of India was amended to include a new article, 21A, which read: “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in a such manner as the State may, by law, determine.”
    •  Article 45 was proposed to be substituted by the article which read: “Provision for early childhood care and education to children below the age of six years: The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of sixteen years.”  Another article, 51A, was to additionally have the clause “...a parent or guardian [shall] provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, [a] ward between the age of six to fourteen years.”
    •  The Indian Education system is in great trouble. These are some of the faults I find in the current education system  Several children do not even get a basic elementary education.  The rich and upper middle class in cities find decent quality private schools to send their children to. Even in these schools, getting a pass in the exams is the priority, not learning. Even these schools fail in teaching various arts, and in particular common sense to children.  Both the private and government schools in smaller towns and villages are uniformly pathetic.  Even if a student graduates from a higher secondary school, there are not enough colleges. The only hope left to most high school graduates is correspondence education. It is not clear to me whether one can be motivated enough to study through the correspondence course material sitting at home.  Even if one graduates from college, the graduates are mostly unemployable, because of poor quality course material and teaching in the colleges. I have myself seen a number of such people while interviewing them for various posts in my organization
    •  SOME REGRADS FOR IMPROVING PRIMARY EDUCATION  We should provide our children skill- based education a kind of Vocational education which motivates their parents to send them to school with the hope that after completion or while completing the education their ward gets better employement or self employment.  recently there are a number of parties emerging newly in each corner of the country. there should be some educational techniques or stragites should emergy to solve the problems of our childrens who are facing a lot of problems now . there should be a change in the present education systems include various subjects that really help the students useful in their future life. Communicative based syllabus should be introduce as our students are lack in the communication in english. As English is common man's language now like the mobile phones became the toys of the common man in the todays world. consider this in the mind let us bring out some solutions to those problems ............
    •  All education above higher secondary school level should be primarily dealt with by private entities.  If some state governments wish, they can run colleges, but it should be unnecessary. Students should be offered lenient education loans at very low interest rates.These loans are liable to be paid only after the students finish their education and find a job of their own.  That is, free education until higher secondary; but paid-for education after that. Those who can't afford to pay for this higher education get low- cost and lenient loans. This kind of comfortable educational loans are made available to students in USA.  SUGGESTION FOR IMPROVE EDUCATION  Compulsory free education should be made available till Class XII  The state and central governments should completely absorb the cost of providing free education till 12th standard to every child, irrespective of caste, religion and economic status.  Govt. schools should be run by private entities/entrepreneurs  All education above higher secondary school level should be primarily dealt with by private entities.  Alternate education must be promoted  College education through correspondence system to be increased  Impediments in the way of setting up for-profit private colleges to be removed  I do not claim that these suggestions, if implemented, will remove all problems we have in our education sector. However I am hopeful that they can alleviate the problem considerably.
    •  Education as a Human Right Education has been regarded in all societies and throughout human history both as an end in itself and as a means for the individual and society to grow. Its recognition as a human right is derived from the indispensability of education to the preservation and enhancement of the inherent dignity of the human person.
    •  Measuring a state’s performance in the implementation of the right to education is an onerous task in the absence of generally accepted criteria.  Article 32 in The Constitution Of India 1949 in section (4) The right guaranteed by this article shall not be suspended except as otherwise provided for by this Constitution . so remove democracy in it…..  Articles 13 and 14 of the ICESCR set out detailed formulations of the right to education.  Articles 28 and 29 of the CRC deal with the right of the child to education.  Article 10 of CEDAW also contains provisions dealing with the right to education.
    •  Regional instruments  he right to education is recognized and guaranteed under several regional human rights instruments. These include the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (article 17) and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child;2 the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man (article 12) and the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (Protocol of San Salvador)3 (article 13); the European Convention on the Legal Status of Migrant Workers4 (articles 14 and 15); and the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities5 (articles 13 and14).
    •  REFERENCES:-  Kevin Watkins, Education Now: Break the Cycle of Poverty (Oxford: Oxfam International, 1999), 1-7.  MODULE 16 , THE RIGHT TO EDUCATION.  American Institute For Research, http://www.air.org/.