TOWARDS CLEANER INDIA:
PROVIDING CLEAN DRINKING
WATER AND PROPER
SANITATION FACILITY TO ALL
MOST CRUCIAL PROBLEM OF THE
CE...
Around 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually
1.5 million children are estimated to die of diar...
POSSIBLE CAUSES AND REASONS
RUN –OFF FROM AGRICULTURAL
FIELDS AND URBAN RUN-OFFS
->Agricultural run-off may contain
compon...
 SEWAGE AND INDUSTRIES
DISCHARGE
-> Insanitation may be caused due to
improper handling of sewages . Sewages are
potentia...
 Lack of awareness among users
-> Lack of personal and food hygiene and
improper disposal of solid and liquid
wastes.
-> ...
water for irrigation
INDIA is a country having 70%
rural population mainly
engaged in agriculture in which
89% of surface ...
SOLUTION
80% of fresh water is used in rural area
for use in agricultural . If we can save
that water then it can be used ...
WATER TREATMENT PLANT
There should be water a treatment plant in panchayat level instead of
district level because it is m...
WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT
The waste water from agriculture and urban run-offs can be stored in a
place and it can be reu...
Steps towards sanitation
Making people aware:
The most common reason for improper sanitation is lack of awareness
among pe...
Funding by the government
schemes Level Funds
(by central
gov.)
Funds
(by state gov.)
1. Drip Irrigation
kit
Gram panchaya...
Appendix:
References
• Arghyam : Safe,sustainable water for all
• 11th Plan Document on Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation...
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5SAVIORS

  1. 1. TOWARDS CLEANER INDIA: PROVIDING CLEAN DRINKING WATER AND PROPER SANITATION FACILITY TO ALL MOST CRUCIAL PROBLEM OF THE CENTURY TEAM DETAILS:MAN BAHADUR, RAJAT KUMAR SONI, MANISH KUMAR,ABHINAV SRIVASTAVA,ASHWINEE KUMAR SINGH (F.G.I.E.T. RAEBARELI)
  2. 2. Around 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually 1.5 million children are estimated to die of diarrhoea 73 million working days are lost due to waterborne disease each year The resulting economic burden is estimated at $600 million a year
  3. 3. POSSIBLE CAUSES AND REASONS RUN –OFF FROM AGRICULTURAL FIELDS AND URBAN RUN-OFFS ->Agricultural run-off may contain components like nitrogen and phosphorus ,pesticides, sediments and pathogens which pollute underground water . ->Water running off from impervious surfaces tends tom pick up gasoline , motor oil ,heavy metals and other pollutant from roadways and parking lots. ->These factors decrease the availability of pure water thus increases the demand of pure water.
  4. 4.  SEWAGE AND INDUSTRIES DISCHARGE -> Insanitation may be caused due to improper handling of sewages . Sewages are potentially powerful contaminators having toxic metals . -> Defecating in open and unimproved toilets. -> Industries are known for two things. 1.Its working . 2.Pollution. The pollution released by industries are directly released into rivers thus is contaminating the river water which was supposed to be used for drinking purpose. This creates a severe shortage of pure water.
  5. 5.  Lack of awareness among users -> Lack of personal and food hygiene and improper disposal of solid and liquid wastes. -> Lack of maintenance of rural water supplies and infrastructure is an area of concern. -> Lack of complete knowledge regarding use of water. -> Lack of information about government policies regarding sanitation.
  6. 6. water for irrigation INDIA is a country having 70% rural population mainly engaged in agriculture in which 89% of surface water and 92% of ground water . 25% of water is evaporated in irrigation and also we only need 10% of water of total water .so there is an huge loss of pure water.
  7. 7. SOLUTION 80% of fresh water is used in rural area for use in agricultural . If we can save that water then it can be used to send to different areas through pipelines. DRIP IRRIGATION is an technique by which we can save water in agricultural. It saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone, through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and emitters. It has 80% efficiency.
  8. 8. WATER TREATMENT PLANT There should be water a treatment plant in panchayat level instead of district level because it is more simpler to implement in small level. There should be a parallel overhead tank with normal Overhead tanks which can store all the water from houses of different houses from rain water. The water can be send up to overhead tank through use of motors. The government should apply a must policy to install rain water collector above every house.
  9. 9. WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT The waste water from agriculture and urban run-offs can be stored in a place and it can be reused in a manner so that pure water increases. The treatment provided at waste water treatment plant can invoke: ->PRELIMINARY TREATMENT: To collect and remove grit and gravel and screening of large solid . ->PRIMARY TREATMENT: To settle large suspended ,generally organic matter. ->SECONDARY TREATMENT: To biologically break down and reduce residual organic matter. ->TERTIARY TREATMENT: To address different pollutants using different treatment processes.
  10. 10. Steps towards sanitation Making people aware: The most common reason for improper sanitation is lack of awareness among peoples. There are many ways to make people aware 1.Use of social media 2.To make an star as promoter (eg. Amitabh bachchan in polio) 3.To make use of e-chaupal 4. Give information to every patient in hospitals and to every employee in government sector through special units. To make some laws: Law that every house must have a toilet should be there. Special team There should be a inspection team that will monitor every house toilets at any time and they must be rewarded for their work. Policies: Government should provide latrine facility in free for BPL people.
  11. 11. Funding by the government schemes Level Funds (by central gov.) Funds (by state gov.) 1. Drip Irrigation kit Gram panchayat level 1 cr. 25 lacs 2. Rain Water treatment plant (small scale) Gram panchayat 50 lacs 20 lacs 3.Waste water treatment plant District level 75 lacs 50 lacs 4. Awareness plan Gram panchayat level 50 lacs 15 lacs
  12. 12. Appendix: References • Arghyam : Safe,sustainable water for all • 11th Plan Document on Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation. • National Rural Drinking Water Programme Guidelines. • World Water Council reports and library. • Wikipedia.org • charitywater.org • Ministry of drinking water & sanitation website. • Technology options for household sanitation. • Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (About NBA). • Total Sanitation Campaign - Sanitation for All : 2012.

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