TOWARDS CLEANER INDIA:
PROVIDING CLEAN DRINKING
WATER AND PROPER
SANITATION FACILITY TO ALL
MOST CRUCIAL PROBLEM OF THE
TEAM DETAILS:MAN BAHADUR, RAJAT KUMAR SONI,
MANISH KUMAR,ABHINAV SRIVASTAVA,ASHWINEE KUMAR
SINGH (F.G.I.E.T. RAEBARELI)
Around 37.7 million Indians are affected by waterborne diseases annually
1.5 million children are estimated to die of diarrhoea
73 million working days are lost due to waterborne disease each year
The resulting economic burden is estimated at $600 million a year
POSSIBLE CAUSES AND REASONS
RUN –OFF FROM AGRICULTURAL
FIELDS AND URBAN RUN-OFFS
->Agricultural run-off may contain
components like nitrogen and phosphorus
,pesticides, sediments and pathogens
which pollute underground water .
->Water running off from impervious
surfaces tends tom pick up gasoline ,
motor oil ,heavy metals and other
pollutant from roadways and parking lots.
->These factors decrease the availability of
pure water thus increases the demand of
SEWAGE AND INDUSTRIES
-> Insanitation may be caused due to
improper handling of sewages . Sewages are
potentially powerful contaminators having
toxic metals .
-> Defecating in open and unimproved toilets.
-> Industries are known for two things.
1.Its working .
The pollution released by industries are
directly released into rivers thus is
contaminating the river water which was
supposed to be used for drinking purpose. This
creates a severe shortage of pure water.
Lack of awareness among users
-> Lack of personal and food hygiene and
improper disposal of solid and liquid
-> Lack of maintenance of rural water
supplies and infrastructure is an area of
-> Lack of complete knowledge regarding
use of water.
-> Lack of information about government
policies regarding sanitation.
water for irrigation
INDIA is a country having 70%
rural population mainly
engaged in agriculture in which
89% of surface water and 92%
of ground water .
25% of water is evaporated in
irrigation and also we only need
10% of water of total water .so
there is an huge loss of pure
80% of fresh water is used in rural area
for use in agricultural . If we can save
that water then it can be used to send
to different areas through pipelines.
DRIP IRRIGATION is an technique by
which we can save water in
It saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to
drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto
the soil surface or directly onto the root zone,
through a network of valves, pipes, tubing, and
emitters. It has 80% efficiency.
WATER TREATMENT PLANT
There should be water a treatment plant in panchayat level instead of
district level because it is more simpler to implement in small level.
There should be a parallel overhead tank with normal Overhead tanks
which can store all the water from houses of different houses from rain
water. The water can be send up to overhead tank through use of motors.
The government should apply a must policy to install rain water collector
above every house.
WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT
The waste water from agriculture and urban run-offs can be stored in a
place and it can be reused in a manner so that pure water increases.
The treatment provided at waste water treatment plant can invoke:
->PRELIMINARY TREATMENT: To collect and remove grit and gravel and
screening of large solid .
->PRIMARY TREATMENT: To settle large suspended ,generally organic matter.
->SECONDARY TREATMENT: To biologically break down and reduce residual
->TERTIARY TREATMENT: To address different pollutants using different
Steps towards sanitation
Making people aware:
The most common reason for improper sanitation is lack of awareness
There are many ways to make people aware
1.Use of social media
2.To make an star as promoter (eg. Amitabh bachchan in polio)
3.To make use of e-chaupal
4. Give information to every patient in hospitals and to every employee in
government sector through special units.
To make some laws:
Law that every house must have a toilet should be there.
There should be a inspection team that will monitor every house toilets
at any time and they must be rewarded for their work.
Government should provide latrine facility in free for BPL people.
Funding by the government
schemes Level Funds
(by state gov.)
1. Drip Irrigation
1 cr. 25 lacs
2. Rain Water
Gram panchayat 50 lacs 20 lacs
treatment plant District level 75 lacs 50 lacs
4. Awareness plan Gram panchayat
level 50 lacs 15 lacs
• Arghyam : Safe,sustainable water for all
• 11th Plan Document on Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation.
• National Rural Drinking Water Programme Guidelines.
• World Water Council reports and library.
• Ministry of drinking water & sanitation website.
• Technology options for household sanitation.
• Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (About NBA).
• Total Sanitation Campaign - Sanitation for All : 2012.