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  1. 1. STEPPINGSTONE: Enhancing the quality of primary education Team details: 1. Vistrita Tyagi >tyagivistrita@gmailcom 2. Siddhant Kumar singh >siddhant.singh38@gmail.com (Team Co-ordinator) 3. Surabhi Upadhyay >usurabhi@rocketmail.com 4. Ravi Kumar Jha >ravikeshavjha@gmail.com 5. Rohit Dwivedi >rohit.mp@gmail.com Representing: KRISHNA ENGINEERING COLLEGE,GHAZIABAD Team name: Aadarsh Role of government in enhancing the quality of education
  2. 2. System of education in India • Education in India is provided by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control and funding coming from three levels: central, state, and local. • Education in India falls under the control of both the Union Government and the State Governments, with some responsibilities lying with the Union and the states having autonomy for others. The various articles of the Indian Constitution provide for education as a fundamental right. • The Indian government lays emphasis on primary education up to the age of fourteen years, referred to as elementary education in India. Education levels division  Pre primary education : Pre-primary school education in India is not a fundamental right and is divided into two levels – Lower KG ( for children between 3 – 4 years) and Upper KG ( for children between 4 – 5 years).  Primary Education : This serves as the link between primary school and elementary education. However, not much emphasis is laid on this level by the prevailing education system and policies  Elementary Education: The Government has made elementary education compulsory for children between the age group of years 6 and 14.
  3. 3. Schemes to enhance quality of primary education by government of India Schemes Objectives Failure  Sarva siksha Abhiyan Making free education to children aged 6–14 a fundamental right. Corruption , negligence of tribal areas,  Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act (RTE) It requires all private schools to reserve 25% of seats to children. At least one classroom for every teacher; Safe and adequate drinking water facility for all children; Arrangements for securing the school building by boundary wall or fencing; Kitchen shed where mid day meal is cooked in the school; Library providing newspaper, magazines and books on all subjects, including story books; Teaching learning equipment to be provided to every class, as required; Not considering the quality of education, infringing on the rights of private and religious minority. Majority of schools are not filling the mentioned criteria.  Mid Day meal To attract children to schools by providing a good quality food to them in school hour. Worst condition of scheme,corruption,students attending schools just to take meal not study.
  4. 4. 0 20 40 60 80 reading arithmatic english std v std vii % of Students of STD V and STD VII who CAN NOT read STD II books in rural areas SOURCE:ASER CONDITION OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN RURAL INDIA Tools to analyze status of students in rural areas
  5. 5. Lacking Quality Teaching  Low salary  Census duty  Election duty  Unfavorable condition for teaching  Mid-Day meal management Source: ASER In each year’s ASER, from 2009 onwards, in each sampled village, the largest government school with primary sections was visited on the day of the survey. Information about schools is based on these visits. Difference between absence of teacher and student is not much EFFECT CAUSE  Since 2009, ASER findings have shown a decline in both teacher and student attendance. In 2012, in primary schools, the average percentage of students present was 71.3% and the percentage of teachers present stood at 85.2 .
  6. 6. COMPARISON OF EDUCATION SYSTEM OF INDIA WITH FINNISH FINLAND  Holds first position in quality of education.  Master's degree compulsory for teaching.  Compulsory schooling starts at seven .  voluntary play-based kindergarten for younger children.  Pupils transfer to either an academic or a vocational school at the age of 16 after nine years of compulsory schooling. INDIA  Almost bottom position.  A matriculated person is fit for teaching.  No such compulsion.  Not in government institutions.  Entirely depended upon the wish of the student. Why we are not up in the chart? *CHINA has not any procedure of examination up to 3rd level. parameters INDIA FINLAND POPULATION 1.241 billion 5,421,827 GDP $4.735 trillion $250.126 billion AREA 3,287,26 3 km²(7TH) 338,424 km2 (64th) Another comparison
  7. 7. Smart classes in government schools Why smart classes? Because in the traditional way of learning children only focuses on cramming all the things rather than learning. using smart classes and latest technology will help a children to learn more quickly. Because picture speaks more about the thing to be learned. COST There are some service providers who charges Rs 25000/classroom. 1 primary school = 8 classroom No of schools=3 lacs (approx.) Total classrooms= 8x3 lacs= 24 lacs therefore, total estimated cost = 6000 cr. IMPLEMENTATION  Government spends 1.5 lacs cr annually on primary education as whole.  Can be implemented at experiment level at minimum possible cost on negotiation with service providers.
  8. 8. What government should do…!!!!!  CONTROL OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OVER PRIMARY EDUCATION: NEED : The entire primary education system of the nation should be under the center. HYPOTHESIS: the system of primary education varies state to state in quality and policy both aspects. Hence performance differs at national level.  RESTRICTING THE ROLE OF PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS: NEED : The role of the private institutions should be made restricted and so that people don't depend too much on them. HYPOTHESIS: Government should encourage its employees to send their wards to govt. institution , so these institutes will be under the surveillance of govt.  PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN VILLAGES : NEED: The government should take steps to increase the number of primary schools so that people of each village can get education easily. HYPOTHESIS: Increasing the number of schools in rural areas will help the students to get their education in villages and can save much time.  COMFORTABLE LANGUAGE : NEED: The government should emphasize on liberal communication in their comfortable language. HYPOTHESIS : If CHINA and GERMANY can develop in their own language ,why don’t we??? And student can understand the basic concept.
  9. 9. MAJOR CHALLENGES CONTROL OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OVER PRIMARY EDUCATION: Challenge: State government will oppose this proposal. Solution: Political parties should come in front for the betterment of the education. RESTRICTING THE ROLE OF PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS: Challenge: would be unsuccessful in urban areas,possible in rural areas only. Solution: undertaking of schools by the government. PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN VILLAGES : Challenge : low budget, scarcity of teachers. Solution: ministry should increase the budget, filling vacant primary teacher’s seats. SMART CLASSES IN GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS: Challenge: cost, electricity in villages , untrained teachers, not suitable classrooms for smart classes. Solution: reserved electricity for schools,introducing teachers with technical backrounds,improving schools buildings.
  10. 10. REFERENCES Wikipedia Tehelka.com Indiastat.com Multimedia classroom business growth slows down - Business Today - Business News AVES - Smart Class Rooms for Rural India Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan ASER UNESCO Manthan