Kampar Ring Plantations, Indonesia


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Presentation by Tara Rukmantara on building sustainable forest management in Kampar, Sumatra.

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  • Teso Nilo proposed national park
  • Overlapping community claims on government land Forests are cleared as part of slash-and-burn land preparation
  • Kampar Ring Plantations, Indonesia

    1. 1. Kampar Ring Plantations Adding value for conservation, community and economic development Jogya, 7 December 2009 Tara Rukmantara NF Presentation to Gov Riau – Jan 2009
    2. 2. Overview: Kampar Peninsula Plantation Ring Planning Meranti Estate (South Ring) Tasik Belat Estate (North Ring) <ul><li>Total concession area of 56,000 ha </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Plantations : 35,000 ha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation : 15,000 ha </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Community : 6,000 ha </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Results of SBMS Project – Degradation in Kampar Core Hydrology Still intact forested Core area, not impacted by hydrology degradation Based on 300 sample points 0-50 cm > 50 cm (>100 tCO2/ha/yr)
    4. 4. Facts: Forest Trends Under Business as Usual
    5. 5. Forest Encroachment-Kampar
    6. 6. Forest Encroachment-Kampar
    7. 7. Forest Encroachment
    8. 8. Forest Fires & Haze
    9. 9. Illegal Logging <ul><li>APRIL is opposed to all forms of illegal logging </li></ul><ul><li>Preventive action against illegal loggers in Tesso Nilo together with multi-stakeholder task force </li></ul><ul><li>Reactions from logging gangs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Road blockades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>9 logging trucks burnt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forest rangers murdered </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Since 2002 APRIL is the only company in Indonesia to have a 3 rd party audited Wood Tracking System to ensure legality of its wood supply </li></ul>
    10. 10. Avoided CO 2 Emission from Kampar Ring Peatland through Eco-Hydrology based Sustainable Plantation Forest Management <ul><li>Degraded Kampar Ring forests </li></ul><ul><li>Illegal logging </li></ul><ul><li>Encroachment </li></ul><ul><li>Uncontrolled drainag </li></ul><ul><li>Forest tree die-back </li></ul><ul><li>Forest & Land Fire </li></ul><ul><li>= 60 ton/ha/year CO 2 emission </li></ul><ul><li>Managed Eco-hydrology based Plantation Forest </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul><ul><li>No forest & land fire </li></ul><ul><li>Productive acacia plantation </li></ul><ul><li>Managed water level </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrologic buffers </li></ul><ul><li>Protected Conservation Areas </li></ul><ul><li>= 45-55% avoided emissions </li></ul>Berdasarkan data: APRIL, Delft/SBMSP 2009; Swedish Env. Research Institute (IVL) Oct 2009 Building Sustainable Forest Management in Kampar
    11. 11. Sustainable Plantation Forest Management <ul><li>Full compliance of existing laws and regulations . </li></ul><ul><li>Science Based Forest Management : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaf Carbon Ltd (Australia): assistance in making a master plan for carbon emission and financial model. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delft Hydraulics (Renowned Dutch company): Water management and drainage system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Helsinki (Finland): assistance on monitoring carbon emission. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ProForest (UK institution promoting sustainable natural resource management): technical assistance on High Conservation Value assessment and management, and conservation planning for the Kampar landscape. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Bogor Agricultural Institute (IPB), Tropenbos International Indonesia and WWF Indonesia : ecological survey and HCV assessment in Kampar. </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Science Based Peat Management Project APRIL in partnership with NGO and Academic stakeholders <ul><li>Monitor water & gas stock & flux in large acacia & jungle areas </li></ul><ul><li>Derive an annual water & Carbon balance </li></ul><ul><li>Construct a hydrology process model </li></ul><ul><li>Predict seasonal water surplus & deficits </li></ul><ul><li>Preemptive control adjustments to keep the system at optimal water level </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the subsidence & Carbon release process </li></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Al Hooijer (Delft Hydraulics, Holland), </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Susan Page (Leicester University, UK), </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Ruth Nussbaum (ProForest, UK). </li></ul><ul><li>Expert Team on Peatland Management (Science Based Management Support) supporting APRIL/RAPP in undertaking responsible peatland management through Kampar SBMS Project - “Sustainable Peatland Management”. </li></ul><ul><li>Forests and carbon sinks in peatland can only be sustainably managed if the hydrological system is protected or rehabilitated. Aside from being of critical importance for conservation, this is also vital for long-term economic production on peatland </li></ul><ul><li>Degraded land presently contains low Conservation Value and is of marginal potential for agricultural cultivation, but holds huge carbon deposit. </li></ul><ul><li>Such land need to be properly managed to minimize forest and land fire and carbon emission . </li></ul><ul><li>Consequently, a new approach must be developed through the establishment of buffer zones (to balance water requirements and investments on water control infrastructure development) </li></ul>Statement: Sustainable Peatland Management Peatland Science Based Management Support Project June 2008 CONSERVATION PRODUCTION
    14. 14. Eco-Hydro Ring Management Carbon Protection and Peat Conservation
    15. 15. Mosaic Plantation Forest: Solution to Production Forest Loss High Conservation Value Production Forest Unproductive Production Forest Secondary Production Forest Protected by Mosaic Plantation Managed and Developed Managed and Developed Acacia Plantation Conservation Area Vigorous plantation forest and mosaic landscape protect biodiversity, provide ecosystem services, and uplift community well-being Acacia Plantation
    16. 16. Mosaic Plantation Forest Harmonizes Environmental, Social and Production Objectives Conservation Area Acacia Plantation Acacia Plantation Tesso West
    17. 17. Sustainable Peatland Management Eco-Hydro Management for Sustainability Water Gates to Control Peatland Water Level
    18. 18. Plantation Ring Plan – Meranti Estate (Kampar Ring South) Indigenous trees (also functions as hydro buffer to river conservation areas) Livelihood zone (for community agriculture) Production (with hydro management in canals) Livelihood zone (for community agriculture) Hydro buffer (controlled and raised water levels) Conservation (upstream deep peat) Hydro buffer (for minimal impact on adjacent natural forests)
    19. 19. Community Involvement Active in social development and poverty alleviation in order to raise the standards and quality of living through the promotion of the following community empowerment programs: <ul><ul><li>Integrated Farming System (80 villages; 3,000 families) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Micro Small & Medium Business Program (development of 1,200 people) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community Fiber Farming 30,000 Ha (9,800 people in 32 villages) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social & Infrastructure Program (education, free health services for 20,000 people every year, building of mosques, schools, sports and cultural facilities) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocational Training Program (689 trained persons) and Teacher Quality Enhancement Training in several schools. </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. <ul><li>Generate employment opportunities and SME development towards alleviating poverty and upgrading community well-being. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on results of 2006 University of Indonesia Faculty of Economics LPEM study : </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting local development through infrastructures (roads, bridges, ports) reaching remote areas. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the biggest export earners in Indonesia – up to US$ 1.5 billion/year, and capital intensive within APRIL Indonesia with total assets of USD 5 billion . </li></ul>Economic Growth Contribution *) Output: Market value of goods and services resulting from production activities to supply intermediate and end demands. Figures in table represent economic output/revenue resulting from the presence of Riaupulp in Riau Province **) Gross Domestic Product - Regional Economic Impact Indicator – Riaupulp Actitivites, 1999 dan 2005   Riau Pelalawan Indi c ator 1999 20 05 1999   2005 Value (%) Value (%) Value (%) Value (%) Output (Rp billion)*) 6,347 (4.53) 17,400 (7.43) 2,773 (76.04) 9,315 (54.22) Gross Domestic Product - Regional (Rp billion**) 2,405 (2.89) 6,593 (4.74) 1,052 (72.29) 3,533 (51.54) Family Income (Rp billion) 622 (4.25) 1.705 (6.97) 263 (69.03) 883 (49.22) Employment Opportunities (people) 137,780 (8.00) 249,241 (9.39) 18,571 (13.48) 36,125 (14.49)
    21. 21. Investment in Forest Protection and Fire Prevention
    22. 22. Certifications/Awards/Memberships <ul><li>Quality Management System (QMS) Certification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulp Production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper Production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ISO Certification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper Permanence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EMS Certification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated Paper Production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Environmental Management System (EMS) Certification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Riaupulp Fiber Estates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OHSAS Certification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Riaupulp Fiber Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>APRIL Mill Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Runner-Up, Environmental Excellence Award – </li></ul><ul><li>HTI & HTR Development – Conservation and Community Aspects </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN Rating PROPER 2005-2006; 2006-2007; 2008-2009 by the </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry for Environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Program for Rating Environmental Management Performance </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1 st Place – Best Practice, Social Programs Overall </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Place – Best Practice Social Program (Social Category) </li></ul><ul><li>Audit Certification, Occupational Health and Safety Management System </li></ul><ul><li>Verification Statement, Acacia Chain of Custody </li></ul><ul><li>Certification, Sustainable </li></ul><ul><li>Plantation Forest Management </li></ul><ul><li>System (LEI) </li></ul><ul><li>Eco-label Certification </li></ul><ul><li>for Paper Products </li></ul>
    23. 23. Certification to FSC Standard of Controlled Wood and “Chain of Custody” (Forest Stewardship Council) Audited by Rainforest Alliance/Smartwood Program: FSC Controlled Wood and Chain of Custody (CoC) for Riaupulp, Plantations of PT RAPP (APRIL) and some of the supply partners. International recognition for Indonesia’s forestry sector. December 30 th 2008-2013
    24. 24. <ul><ul><li>Sustainable Forest Management in Kampar Ring is essential for protecting the Kampar Peninsula landscape including core peatland, while reducing carbon emissions by 50% (compared to present condition) and achieving balanced social, environmental and economic benefits in a Sustainable Development context </li></ul></ul>SUMMARY *Based on data: APRIL, Delft/SBMSP 2009; Swedish Env. Research Institute (IVL) Oct 2009
    25. 25. Thank you SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT Balancing Social, Environmental and Economic Imperatives for Sustainable Development in Indonesia