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Protected areas for the 21st century: Lessons from UNDP /GEF’s Portfolio


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(undp presentations at Nagoya CBD COP - 21 october)

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Protected areas for the 21st century: Lessons from UNDP /GEF’s Portfolio

  1. 1. Protected Areas for the 21st Century: Lessons from UNDP/GEF’s Portfolio- side event – Nagoya CBD COP, 21st October 2010<br />Nik Sekhran, Principal Technical Adviser for Biodiversity<br />Yannick Glemarec, UNDP/GEF Executive Coordinator <br />Adriana Dinu, Regional Environment and Energy Practice Leader<br />Kure National Park, Turkey<br />
  2. 2. Overview of the Side Event<br />Welcome statement<br />Organizational Perspectives<br />Perspectives from the Government Agencies<br />Questions and Answers<br />Closing<br />Nalichevo Park, Kamchatka<br />
  3. 3. Emerging drivers of change influencing protected area policy and funding<br />Climate change<br />Millennium Development Goals<br />Recognition of Earth’s finite resources<br />Recognition of the value of ecosystems<br />Global financial crisis<br />
  4. 4. As a results, society’s views toward protected areas are changing<br />FROM<br />TO<br />Planned by governments<br />Planned by many sectors<br />Financed by taxes and government allocations<br />Financed by many mechanisms including ecosystem services <br />Managed primarily for recreation and biodiversity<br />Managed primarily for resilience, ecosystem services<br />Managed as islands, separate from landscape<br />Managed as part of landscape-level land-use plan<br />Viewed as global life-support systems<br />Viewed as refuge for biodiversity<br />Puffin Island, Comandorskyzapovednik, Russia<br />
  5. 5. 8 Key Themes and 28 best practices <br />Enabling policy environment<br />Management planning, research, monitoring<br />Protected Areas threats and threat assessment<br />Protected Areas Governance <br />Protected Area Capacity<br />Sustainable finance<br />Networks and ecological gap assessments<br />Connectivity Corridors and transboundary PAs<br />Comandorskyzapovednik, Russia<br />
  6. 6. 4 Possible Scenarios<br />
  7. 7. UNDP’S WORK IN PROTECTED AREAS<br />Putoransky reserve, Russia<br />
  8. 8. UNDP’s Biodiversity Programme<br />Objective:<br />Governments, communities and other stakeholders maintain and enhance the beneficial services provided by ecosystems and natural resources, in order to secure livelihoods, food, water and health, reduce vulnerability to climate change, store carbon and avoid emissions from land use change<br />Unleash the economic potential of Protected Area systems so they are effectively managed, sustainably financed and contribute towards sustainable development<br />Mainstream biodiversity conservation objectives into economic sector activities, to ensure production processes maintain biodiversity and ecosystem services that sustain human welfare<br />Ecosystem based adaptation and mitigation<br />
  9. 9. UNDP/GEF has supported<br />$366 million from the GEF<br />In 778 protected areas <br />In 55 countries<br />In just the past 6 years<br />Covering nearly every goal, target and action of the CBD Programme of Work on Protected Areas<br />Chobe National Park, Botswana<br />
  10. 10. 100 million ha of protected areas2004 - 2010<br />128 New Protected Areas Established:<br />11.1 million ha<br />197 Protected Areas Being Established:<br />4.2 million ha<br />453 Existing Protected Areas Strengthened:<br />85.2 million ha<br />Krono,tskyBiosphere Reserve, Russia<br />
  11. 11. Protected areas are vitally important <br />For drinking water <br />For poverty alleviation and subsistence<br />For agriculture<br />For carbon sequestration<br />For disaster mitigation<br />For biodiversity conservation<br />
  12. 12. Water Yield<br />Example: Tanzania: Water yield<br />Overlap between protected areas and water yield <br />clearly shows the value of protected areas compared with other lands<br />
  13. 13. Carbon Storage in Forests<br />Water Yield<br />Example from Tanzania: carbon storage<br />The carbon storage in protected areas is up to 155 tons per hectare, compared to 80 tons per hectare for unprotected land, and 35 percent of the carbon is stored within protected areas.<br />
  14. 14. Komi Republic, Russia:Carbon storage<br />1.63 mln ha of virgin boreal carbon pools unprotected <br />In natural state: they build up 2.8 mln tC/y<br />Without protection: they lose 135,000 tC/y to fires and logging<br />
  15. 15. Combining and sequencing sources of funding to achieve multiple benefits<br />Long-term solution:<br />Conservation of the biodiversity of Komi’s boreal forests and peatlands through strengthening protected area system<br />PA network covers unrepresented ecosystems, is effectively managed and financially sustainable. <br />PA network covers key carbon pools, contributes to avoiding emissions from forest fires and is adapted to climate change <br />Komi Republic<br />Academia<br />Private sector<br />Russian Federation<br />LUKOIL<br />Ministry of Natural Resources<br />Forest Committee<br />Local Authorities<br />Institute of Biology<br />Ministry of Natural Resources<br />Sever<br />gasprom<br />
  16. 16. CONCLUSIONS<br />Krka National Park, Croatia<br />
  17. 17. Protected areas should do more socially<br />Sustain local livelihoods <br />Help reduce poverty<br />Contribute to human development <br />
  18. 18. Protected areas should do more ecologically <br />Improve landscape resilience to climate change impacts<br />Enable human and natural communities to adapt to climate change impacts<br />Help mitigate climate change by sequestering carbon<br />Ergaki Park, Russia<br />
  19. 19. Protected areas should do more economically<br />Maintain key ecosystems services and contribute to local and national economies<br />Water<br />Agriculture<br />Tourism<br />Disaster mitigation <br />Kruger National Park, South Africa<br />
  20. 20. Synergies and Tradeoffs<br />In managing for multiple benefits, there will be many synergies and trade-offs to consider:<br />Managing for biodiversity conservation<br />Managing for sustainable livelihoods<br />Managing for ecosystem services<br />Managing for climate adaptation and mitigation <br />
  21. 21. Some guiding principles in assessing synergies and trade-offs<br />Apply the precautionary principle<br />Be explicit and transparent about trade-offs and synergies<br />Develop resilience-based thresholds <br />Develop management triggers and safeguards<br />Focus on areas with the greatest synergies and least trade-offs <br />Ergaki Park, Altai Sayan Russia<br />
  22. 22. Next steps <br />Increased financial commitment, strong leadership and political will<br />Integrate sectoral planning with protected areas, and focus on landscape-scale resilience <br />Understand and communicate the true value of protected areas<br />Kure National Park, Turkey<br />
  23. 23. This new book provides guidance to countries on how to design, manage and finance protected areas to meet the coming challenges. <br />
  24. 24. THANK YOU!!!<br />Planned Tugai Biosphere reserve, Uzbekistan<br />