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Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia

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Presented by Aynalem Haile at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU Project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, October 29, …

Presented by Aynalem Haile at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU Project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, October 29, 2010.

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  • 1. Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia Presented by Aynalem Haile at the ICARDA-ILRI-BOKU project workshop on Designing community-based breeding strategies for indigenous sheep breeds of smallholders in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, October 29, 2010.
  • 2. Community based breeding
    • Centralized within-breed selection and crossbreeding programs have failed
    • New thinking – involving local communities and institutions in the design, implementation and ownership of breeding strategies
    • Community-based breeding
  • 3. Goals Improved productivity and income of sheep owners by providing access to improved animals that respond to improved feeding and management, targeting specific market opportunities
  • 4. The project sites
  • 5. The sheep breeds
  • 6. How did we start?
    • Planning workshop
    • Criteria for community selection
    • Project team structure
    • Official launching and announcement of the project at district level
  • 7. Description of the production system Assessing market access Impact assessment Process in designing community-based breeding strategy Designing community-based breeding Assessing traditional institutions and policies Definition of breeding goals Developing breeding strategy Implementing breeding strategy Evaluation of results Developing guidelines
  • 8. Description of production systems Survey/ measurements/observation
  • 9. Study on constraints to market
  • 10. Definition of breeding goals A. Own-flock ranking based on farmer’s choice
  • 11. B. Ranking of groups of live animals
  • 12. Brown Black C. Hypothetical choice experiment
  • 13. Workshop to study community breeding practices
    • Current animal management practices
    • Envisaged animal management practices
    • Social network analysis
  • 14. Modeling alternative breeding plans
    • ZPLAN (18 alternatives produced)
    • Four alternatives were presented
      • Varied based on the proportion of rams selected (10 and 15%) and length of use of rams (2 and 3 years)
    • Color and tail type were preferred and considered
    • Three traits for each breed were identified
  • 15. Trait preferences Milk pdn Growth LS Growth Twining rate LS Growth Twining rate Lamb survival Fleece weight Growth Lamb survival Traits 10% intensty 3 years RU 10% intensty 2 years RU 10% intensity 2 years RU 10% intensity 2 years ram use Option Afar Bonga Horro Menz
  • 16. Workshop with community to choose among the alternatives
    • Present the alternatives
    • Decide on selection approaches
    • Discuss ram exchange schemes
  • 17.
    • Implementation of the preferred option
    • Animal identification
    • Development of data recording format
    • Data collection- enumerator supported by community
    • Selection of breeding rams- three months and year
    • Value addition- not selected rams
    • Animal show and award
    • Purchase of selected ram lambs by way of availing revolving fund- Revert negative selection
  • 18. Selection of breeding rams
  • 19. Animal Show and Award
  • 20. Outputs/impacts
    • Functional breeding programs
    • Awareness creation
    • Health and feed interventions
    • Market linkages
    • Publications
    • Graduate students
    • Capacity building at different levels
  • 21. General conclusions
    • Community involvement is crucial for success
    • At critical stage- need for support
    • Researcher’s should act as catalysts and facilitators providing options to farmers to make decisions based on scientific evidence
    • For implementation it is essential to have all stakeholders involved right from the start: this increases commitment and therefore efficiency and sustainability
    • Genetic improvement need to be supported by other interventions
  • 22. Thank you!!!