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Livestock in the new CGIAR Consortium


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Presentation by Steve Staal to the Inter-Agency Donor Group Meeting, Rome, 4-6 May 2010

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Livestock in the new CGIAR Consortium

  1. 1. Steve Staal, ILRI Inter-Agency Donor Group Meeting and 2010 Livestock Week IFAD, 4-6 May 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>Consortium Board and CEO to oversee all CGIAR center research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First meeting in Nairobi, March 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CEO to be recruited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consortium HQ either Addis Ababa, Delhi, Montpellier, Nairobi or Rome </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategic Results Framework to set priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Megaprograms for delivery </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently 7, may expand to 15 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial CN’s being submitted this week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To be reviewed externally and by Consortium Board end May </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those agreed go to full Proposal development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multi-donor fund managed by a Fund Council </li></ul><ul><li>Performance contracts </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>MP1: Integrated agriculture systems for the poor and vulnerable ( potential fast tracked) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated agriculture for dryland systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated agriculture for tropical humid systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated coastal/aquatic systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  MP2: Policies, institutions, and markets for enabling agricultural incomes for the poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>  </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>MP3: Sustainable staple food productivity increase for global food security (probably multiple MPs, some potential fast tracked) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster: Pulses and legumes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster: Roots and tubers, bananas and plantains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster: Sorghum, millet and barley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cluster: Livestock and fish </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>MP4: Agriculture, nutrition and health </li></ul><ul><li>MP5: Water scarcity and land degradation </li></ul><ul><li>MP6: Forests and Trees </li></ul><ul><li>MP7: Climate Change (potential fast tracked) </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Systems with the deepest endemic poverty and with the most vulnerable people </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>≤ 200 mm rainfall- Saharan and part of Sahelian zones in Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Systems with the greatest potential to impact on poor in the short to medium term </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>300 to 600 mm, Sahelian countries in West Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Systems most vulnerable/at risk to degradation and climate variability </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>500 to 900 mm - North Soudanian, Sub Sahelian climate (West Africa) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Types of intervention testing and research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information (weather, prices) and tools (eg index based livestock insurance) to manage weather and other risks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory approaches to land use planning and conflict management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Payment for environmental services schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ag, livestock and NRM technologies and practices validated, adapted and assessed in system context </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional innovations around increasing market access </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Intensification strategies, crops, feeds, nutrient cycling, environmental management (an important component here relates to trade offs in biomass use) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feeding strategies in value chain context </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combining feed and breed with risk mitigating animal health and insurance options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Optimising crop and livestock husbandry, crop residue use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Balanced feed options with positive environmental impacts (including number of animals) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Manure management options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Longer term institutional and environmental sustainability including issues related to policies to provide enabling environment, incentives and regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Land policy/regulations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives/regulations relating to environmental issues </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Policies and investments that enable poverty-reducing agricultural growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>modeling for strategic foresight and future scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>international trade, macro and non-agricultural policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>production, natural resources and technology policies, and policy process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Value chains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>input and output markets, incentives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>testing interventions and capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chain analysis methods, analysis of demand drivers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enabling institutions and governance for the poor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>governance in input/service supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>collective action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Livestock research elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Livestock-specific features of modeling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(asset accumulation, natural resource interactions, non-market products and cost items) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal health issues in market, policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop-livestock interaction and resource use pressures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand-led development interventions in the value chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data and sampling issues specific to livestock </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Targeting and outcome assessment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping of priority livestock and fish , targeting strategies for specific technology, strategy and policy interventions based on system analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs and constraints assessment and prioritization for the Program, including gender analyses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of child nutrition impacts in livestock/fish production systems, and strategies to increase availability of these high nutrient products to rural children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outcome and communications strategies across Program activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact assessments of to guide research (re) design </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Characterization, conservation, and selective breeding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better understanding of the genetic attributes of various livestock breeds and the systems under which they can be are raised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping of genotypes for conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop bio-banking protocols and systems, including phenotypic descriptions of biobanked material from indigenous livestock and fish populations. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improved delivery of genetics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt enhanced reproductive technologies and strategies to multiply and deliver appropriate livestock genotypes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exploring applications from new science </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of new tools to allow integration of sequence data with rich phenotypic data including systems analysis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reproductive tools to discover and to exploit discoveries in functional genomics to improve livestock productivity under various production systems </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Producing more and better quality forage and feed resources: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Including crop residue fodder traits (quantity and quality) in multidimensional crop improvement to exploit genetic variation and by further targeted genetic enhancement towards dual-purpose traits using conventional and marker assisted crop breeding. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved dual purpose varieties of food – feed crops, and improved pastures and forage options </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Making better use of available feeds: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harnessing spin-off technologies from 2nd generation bio fuel technologies to improved basal diets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic/smart supplementation strategies, byproduct based rations with under-exploited local ingredients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving provision of forages and feeds through markets, and sustainable forage and fodder crop seed/germplasm systems </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>V accines and diagnostics for orphan viral, bacterial and protozoan diseases for which there are few or no other providers (with focus on endemic diseases threatening productivity, survival and market access) </li></ul><ul><li>Thermostabilization of current vaccines </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of vaccine antigens and proof-of-concept vaccine trials for priority diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Development of molecular fingerprinting tools for pathogen detection and surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Disease risk assessment and disease modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies for delivery of improved health interventions to producers </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Development strategies for pro-poor value chains for livestock and fish products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems for sustainable production and delivery of appropriate livestock and fish genetics with private & public partners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems for improved disease surveillance and control, both within production systems and along product supply chains, focused on endemic diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategies for technology integration and innovation- feeds, health and genetics for sustained productivity increases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing adapted organisational mechanims (hubs, innovation platforms, SME’s, PPPs) to facilitate the access to knowledge, information and technology, and increase value , including post-harvest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livestock and fish product and post harvest process development, including food safety and certification systems </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Agriculture for improved food security, diet quality, and nutrition. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop, test, approaches to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>maximize the impact of agriculture on improving the availability, access to consumption of nutritious and diverse foods – focus on women and young children; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to increase global awareness and knowledge of the importance of nutritious foods and high-quality diets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biofortication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Managing the multiple burdens of agriculture- associated disease (mostly zoonotics) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measure the human health burden (DALYs), and other burdens of AADs including equity; economic cost of lost human and animal productivity; trade; market access; ecosystem services; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop and scientifically evaluate better ways of managing priority AADs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated ways of studying and tackling zoonotic and other diseases, based on Ecohealth and One World, One Health approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scenario and other futures analysis to understand disease trajectories, risk analysis for better managing food and water borne disease and occupational hazards; ,and identify mitigation options </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value chain analysis to upgrade the ability of value chains to deliver safe products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence for the development of more effective surveillance and response systems </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Delivering greater water and land productivity in rainfed and irrigated systems </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing and safeguarding land and water access for the poor especially women </li></ul><ul><li>Improving land and soil health and water quality to reverse widespread soil nutrient depletion and degradation of ecosystem services </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing ecosystem services and building resilience to maintain vital ecosystems </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock research elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved land and water management to support pastoral   livestock systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved water use efficiency of livestock production in crop-livestock systems </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Adaptation to Decadal Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation Pathways for Current Climate Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty Alleviation through Mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis and Vulnerability Assessment for Making Strategic Choices </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock research elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved management of C-L systems to enhance adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding role of livestock in CC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In situ conservation of livestock genetics needed for adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased productivity of livestock for mitigation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Bulk of livestock research likely to be contained within MP3 Livestock and Fish </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunities for new synergy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Productivity plus tools for uptake and impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better focus? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MP4 Ag for Health & Nutrition however contains significant animal health and food safety research, growing area of demand </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock research component within Systems, Policy/Markets, Water/Soil and Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li>New levels of interaction are apparent already </li></ul>