Sheep and Goat Value Chain Development in Ethiopia


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Presented by Barbara Rischkowsky (ICARDA) at the Workshop on ICARDA-ILRI Training on Tools for Benchmarking Sheep and Goat Value Chains in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 6-9 November 2013

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  • The program will have as its centre three Research Themes.The three Research Themes are:1. Improved technologies to sustainably increase productivity and efficiency of livestock and fishproduction2. Development strategies for pro‐poor, gender‐equitable value chains for livestock and fish products3. Targeting, gender and impact assessment
  • Sheep and Goat Value Chain Development in Ethiopia

    1. 1. Sheep and Goat Value Chain Sheep and Goatin Ethiopia Development Value Chain Development in Ethiopia Barbara Rischkowsky (ICARDA) ICARDA-ILRI Training on Tools for Benchmarking Sheep and Goat Value Chains in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, 6-9 November 2013
    2. 2. Goals of the Livestock and Fish Program: More milk, meat and fish by and for the poor  To sustainably increase the productivity of small-scale livestock and fish systems,  to increase the availability and affordability of animal-source foods for poor consumers, and  to reduce poverty through greater participation by the poor along the whole value chains for animal-source foods.
    3. 3. Delivering the Livestock and Fish Structure: Three integrated research themes #1 Targeting - Foresight, Prioritization, Gender, Impact assessment #2 Technology Development: − Genetics − Feeds − Health #3 value chain development Inputs & Services Production Processing Marketing Consumers Commodity X in Country Y Cross-cutting: M&E, communications, capacity building
    4. 4. The approach: Solution-driven R4D to achieve impact and a long-term engagement to transform selected value chains for selected commodities in selected countries Consumers Value chain development team and research partners
    5. 5. FOCUS: 8 Value Chains in 8 countries SHEEP & GOATS AQUACULTURE PIGS DAIRY
    6. 6. Spatial selection criteria for small ruminant value chains in Ethiopia Representativeness: • agroecological potential (number of growing days, prod systems) Growth and market opportunity: • sheep and goat density, market linkage (distance/time to next market), supply deficit Pro-poor potential: • number or proportion of poor people; number of poor sheep and goat keepers Supply constraints (scope for improvement): • low productivity or surplus-deficit in meat production
    7. 7. Consultative site selection process Step 1: Geographical targeting - identification of eligible regions/districts using GIS Step 2: Stakeholder consultation at national level (ground-truthing of Step 1, defining soft selection criteria and identifying sites) Step 3: Regional stakeholder consultation to refine site selection and prepare site visits Step 4: Site visits applying agreed minimum checklist to validate selected sites
    8. 8. Selected sites for sheep and goat value chains Selected sites Region District Partner project Research Center Abergelle Amhara/ Tigray BecaHub Goat Project Sekota TARI Negelle Borena Oromia Sazba (Amhara) Felegehiwot (Tigray) Dillo (Borana) Goat Value Chains Bore Goat and Sheep Value Chain Shinelle Somali Shinelle Haromaya University Menz Amhara Debre Berhan Horro East Tigray Adillo/Wolaita Oromia Tigray SNNP Molale and Mehal Meda Horro/Shambu Atsbi LIVES Doyogena SARI Funds Sheep Value Chains Bako Mekelle Worabe
    9. 9. Rapid Value chain Assessment (VCA) Consumers • Training of partners on toolkit for Rapid Value Chain Assessment (VCA) and for SFFF assessments – 5-8 November in Addis – 20-23 November in Awassa • Field implementation of rapid VCA end Nov. 2012 to Jan 2013 • Report writing in January/February 2013 • Writeshop to support VCA report writing 25-27 February 2013
    10. 10. Methods used for rapid VCA • Focus Group discussions with farmers using checklists and participatory methods • Key Informant Interviews: Local experts, traders, butchers, livestock researchers, transporters, veterinarians, NGOs,... 11
    11. 11. Purpose of the Value Chain Analysis The results from the rapid VCA are used for • identifying and involving value chain actors at the sites • identifying key constraints and opportunities along the value chain • describing main market channels for better targeting • negotiating and planning a first set of best bet interventions at multi-stakeholder meetings
    12. 12. Intervention planning Key results from the VCA reports were used as input • for three stakeholder meetings involving in total about 70 partners: o 14-15 March in Addis (Highland sheep: Horro, Menz, Doyogana) o 19-20 March in Mekelle (Atsbi, Abergelle, Sekoto) o 2-3 April in Debre Zeit (Shinelle and Borana) • Outputs from the meeting: • first set of best bet interventions to overcome bottlenecks in VC performance and/or address opportunities
    13. 13. Generic Problem Tree THE CAUSES Lack of effective policies and institutions Inadequate input supplies Lack of research and technology transfer Degradation of resource base Insufficient feed resources (climate and land availability) Lack of knowledge and skills in SR management Feed shortage and/or utilization Poorly developed markets Disease pressure High morbidity and mortality Weak linkages between producers and markets Poor performance of sheep and goat value chains THE CORE PROBLEM Low income of VC actors Poverty THE IMPACT High market prices Malnutrition Food insecurity ASF quality and safety Hidden hunger WHOLE VALUE CHAIN INPUTS & SERVICES PRODUCTION PROCESSING MARKETING CONSUMPTION
    14. 14. Key interventions across sites  Need based capacity building on SR management for extension agents and producers (input supply and production)  Animal Health (input supply and production):  Diagnostic and epidemiological studies for key diseases, assessment of economics, capacity building of producers  Delivery services: delivery of quality vaccines, and drugs, organizing delivery of sustainable services  Feeding (input supply and production)  Site specific interventions based on available feed resources (adapted forages or shrubs, efficie utilization of crop residues, improved fattening)  Organization/Institutional Interventions related to marketing:  Strengthening/Establishing producer marketing cooperatives  Multi stakeholders platform to identify the major bottlenecks, find common solutions and create market linkages between producers and other actors including awareness of market demands  Providing market actors, in particular producers, with up-to-date market price information  Processing  Capacity building on transport, slaughtering, safe preparation and handling of ASF
    15. 15. Across-site research topics • Making sheep and goat breeding programs work for smallholder farmers in selected sites (incl. data recording) • Testing mobile technology for data recording • Characterization of goat genetic resources combined with identification of adaptive traits • Testing tools for feed assessment and prioritization of feed interventions • Improving crop residues from grain legumes through selection and utilization • Research on diversifying adaptive forage species for highlands • Optimizing sheep (and goat) fattening systems • Animals health diagnostics • Research on institutions: innovation platforms and marketing strategies and animal heath delivery systems
    16. 16. Thank you!