NEWS IN ACTIVITIES AGAINST
YELLOW RUST ON WHEAT IN
UZBEKISTAN
Amanov Amir Amanovich
Director of Uzbekistan Scientific Rese...
PRIORITIES OF THE WHEAT BREEDING
IMPROVEMENT
• Productivity
• Resistance to disease:
• Yellow rust
• Leaf rust
• Drought a...
MAIN WHEAT DISEASES
Yellow rust -
Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici
Leaf rust - Puccinia triticinia
YELLOW RUST EPIDEMIC IN UZBEKISTAN
• 1999: Yellow rust + Leaf rust
• 2001: Yellow rust
• 2005: Yellow rust + Leaf rust
• 2...
I. Uzbek Scientific Research Institute of
Plant Industry
 All work carried out on artificially
infected background
 Sele...
AGROECOLOGICAL TEST AND PRIMARY SEED PRODUCTION OF NEW
WHEAT VARIETIES IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF UZBEKISTAN
Gallaral
Термез
...
 Collection, multiplication and storing of
biomaterials
 Determination of biotypes and races of
yellow rust pathogen
 D...
RESISTANCE OF THE REGIONALIZED VARIETIES TO YELLOW
RUST (UzSRIPI 2013)
Wheat variety Originator Affection
Krasnodar 99 KSR...
Wheat variety Originator Affecting
Bunedkor KSRIBSPCC 20MR
Yaksart KSRIBSPCC 30MS
Khazrati Bashir KSRIBSPCC 20MS
Gozgon KS...
NURSEREY TRAILS (2014 year)
• 17 IWWYT-IR 24
• 16 IWWYT-SA 36
• 21 FAWWON-IR 170
• 20 FAWWON-SA 108
• 13 YT-CAC-IR 36
Nurs...
STRATEGY OF SELECTION FOR RESISTANCE TO
YELLOW RUST
• Monitoring the spread of yellow rust in different
regions of Republi...
• Determination of resistance to yellow rust in the
flag leaf stage
• Determination of resistance to yellow rust of
geneti...
Primary seed production of the new
wheat varieties created together with
Turkey-CIMMYT-ICARDA:
Dustlik,Yaksart, Jayhun, T...
Region
Total area
(thousand hа)
Including seed
multiplication
(thousand hа)
Andijan 5 1,0
Fergana 7,8 2,2
Namngan 3,2 -
Ta...
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attention!
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Amir amanov 29 apr 2014

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Amir amanov 29 apr 2014

  1. 1. NEWS IN ACTIVITIES AGAINST YELLOW RUST ON WHEAT IN UZBEKISTAN Amanov Amir Amanovich Director of Uzbekistan Scientific Research Institute of Plant Industry 2ND INTERNATIONAL WHEAT STRIPE RUST SYMPOSIUM IZMIR, TURKEY APRIL 28-MAY 01, 2014
  2. 2. PRIORITIES OF THE WHEAT BREEDING IMPROVEMENT • Productivity • Resistance to disease: • Yellow rust • Leaf rust • Drought and heat tolerance • Grain quality • Salt tolerance • Resistance to pests • Winter and cold tolerance
  3. 3. MAIN WHEAT DISEASES Yellow rust - Puccinia striiformis f.sp. tritici Leaf rust - Puccinia triticinia
  4. 4. YELLOW RUST EPIDEMIC IN UZBEKISTAN • 1999: Yellow rust + Leaf rust • 2001: Yellow rust • 2005: Yellow rust + Leaf rust • 2009: Yellow rust • 2010: Yellow rust • 2013: Yellow rust + Leaf rust • 2014: Yellow rust
  5. 5. I. Uzbek Scientific Research Institute of Plant Industry  All work carried out on artificially infected background  Selection of parental forms by resistance to yellow rust  Hybridization  Evaluation of collection samples, hybrid material (F2-F6), lines and varieties for resistance to yellow rust.  Primary seed production of the new varieties BREEDING WORK ON THE CREATION OF THE YELLOW RUST RESISTANT WHEAT VARIETIES CONDUCTED AS FOLLOWS: II. Kashkadarya Scientific Research Institute of Breeding and Seed Production of Cereal Crops  Selection of the parent forms and hybridization for creation rust resistant, drought, heat and low temperature tolerant varieties  Evaluation of hybrid material (F2- F6),  Control and competitive variety testing  Primary seed production of the new varieties III. Scientific Research Institute in Galla-aral, Karakalpakstan Institute of Agriculture, Khorezm, Surhandarya and Fergana branches of Grain Institute.  Ecological test of the new varieties in different regions of Republic 
  6. 6. AGROECOLOGICAL TEST AND PRIMARY SEED PRODUCTION OF NEW WHEAT VARIETIES IN DIFFERENT REGIONS OF UZBEKISTAN Gallaral Термез North South Central Part Fergana value
  7. 7.  Collection, multiplication and storing of biomaterials  Determination of biotypes and races of yellow rust pathogen  Determination of effective genes of resistance to the yellow rust in germination stage
  8. 8. RESISTANCE OF THE REGIONALIZED VARIETIES TO YELLOW RUST (UzSRIPI 2013) Wheat variety Originator Affection Krasnodar 99 KSRIA 80S Kroshka KSRIA 100S Mosckvich KSRIA 100S Tanya KSRIA 80S Chillaki AIGGLIL 100S Bobur AIGGLIL 100S Andijon 2 AIGGLIL 100S Dustlik SRGGLIL Galla-aral 40MR-MS Esaul KSRIBSPCC 100S Nota KSRIBSPCC 40MS-S Starshina KSRIBSPCC 40MS-S Jayhun SRIGGLIL Galla-aral 40MS-S KSRIA Krasnodar Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture AIGGLIL Andijan Institute of Grain and Grain legumes on Irrigated lands SRIGGLIL Galla-aral Gallya-aral branch of Scientific Research Institute of Grain and Grain legumes on Irrigated lands KSRIBSPCC SRIA Serbia Kashkadarya Scientific Research Institute of Breeding and Seed Production of Cereal Crops Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture Serbia
  9. 9. Wheat variety Originator Affecting Bunedkor KSRIBSPCC 20MR Yaksart KSRIBSPCC 30MS Khazrati Bashir KSRIBSPCC 20MS Gozgon KSRIBSPCC 20MR Hisorak KSRIBSPCC 5R Ustoz AIGGLIL 100S Kras-An KSRIA, AIGGLIL 100S Sayhun AIGGLIL 100S Start KSRIA 100S Sanam 2012 AIGGLIL 100S Pervica KSRIA 80S Rapsodiya SRIA Serbia 100S Graciya SRIA Serbia 80S Humo СЕГДУ ИТИ 100S Kelajal СЕГДУ ИТИ 100S Simonida SRIA Serbia 100S Bunedkor Hisorak Gozgon RESISTANCE TO YELLOW RUST OF THE NEW PERSPECTIVE WHEAT VARIETIES (UZSRIPI - 2013)
  10. 10. NURSEREY TRAILS (2014 year) • 17 IWWYT-IR 24 • 16 IWWYT-SA 36 • 21 FAWWON-IR 170 • 20 FAWWON-SA 108 • 13 YT-CAC-IR 36 Nursery name Number of samples
  11. 11. STRATEGY OF SELECTION FOR RESISTANCE TO YELLOW RUST • Monitoring the spread of yellow rust in different regions of Republic • Collection, multiplication and storing the yellow rust spores. • Determination of the effective resistant genes • Determination of the intermediate host of yellow rust pathogen • Determination of resistance to yellow rust in the germination phase
  12. 12. • Determination of resistance to yellow rust in the flag leaf stage • Determination of resistance to yellow rust of genetic resources, the hybrid material (F2-F6), lines and new varieties • Ecological testing of varieties and lines on productivity, drought, heat and winter tolerance • Testing of new varieties in the State Commission of Uzbekistan for Variety Testing • Primary the varieties and lines seed production after the test in the first year of the State Commission
  13. 13. Primary seed production of the new wheat varieties created together with Turkey-CIMMYT-ICARDA: Dustlik,Yaksart, Jayhun, Turkistan, Hazrat Bashir Gozgon and Elomon. The area under these varieties is 129 000 ha., 2014 From this area there are 55 000 ha. super elite and elite. NEW WHEAT VARIETES SEED PRODUCTION IN 2014
  14. 14. Region Total area (thousand hа) Including seed multiplication (thousand hа) Andijan 5 1,0 Fergana 7,8 2,2 Namngan 3,2 - Tashkent 8,7 1,8 Sirdarya 6,3 1,0 Jizzak 5,6 - Samarkand 9,2 5,7 Surhandarya 1,8 - Kashkadarya 79,4 43,3 Karakalpakistan 1,6 - Khorezm 0,4 - Total: 129,0 55,0 THE AREA UNDER THE NEW WHEAT VARIETIES WERE CREATED TOGETHER WITH TURKEY-CIMMYT-ICARDA, 2014
  15. 15. Thank you for your attention!
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