Emma Torres


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Emma Torres

  1. 1. Amazon SDSN: A Platform for Knowledge Sharing and Solutions Emma Torres Amazon SDSN March 21 , 2014 1
  2. 2. What Does the SDSN Do? Mission: Promote sustainable development • Mobilizing scientific and technological knowledge • Via information sharing, education, and problem solving • At the local, national, and global level
  3. 3. Organization of SDSN 33 Amazon SDSN
  4. 4. Organization of SDSN 44 1. Macroeconomics, Population Dynamics, and Planetary Boundaries 2. Poverty Reduction and Peace-Building in Fragile Regions 3. Challenges of Social Inclusion: Gender, Inequalities, and Human Rights 4. Early Childhood Development, Education, and Transition to Work 5. Health for All 6. Low-Carbon Energy and Sustainable Industry 7. Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems 8. Forests, Oceans, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services 9. Sustainable Cities: Inclusive, Resilient, and Connected 10. Good Governance of Extractive and Land Resources 11. Global Rules and Mechanisms for Sustainable Development 12. Redefining the Role of Business for Sustainable Development Thematic Groups
  5. 5. Amazonia
  6. 6. Bacia hidrográfica da Amazônia Países 6 Estados Brasileiros 9 Bacia Amazônica Bacia Amazônia
  7. 7. Bioma da Amazônia Países 9 Estados Brasileiros 9 Bioma Amazônia Bacia Amazônica
  8. 8. 14 países 2.456.565 km² Amazônia Legal 5.217.423 Km² Albânia Bósnia Bélgica Suiça República Checa Alemanha Espanha França Itália Países Baixos Portugal Reino Unido Áustria Amazônia Legal - Brasil Amazônia Legal 5.217.423 Km² Amapá Rondônia Acre Maranhão Mato Grosso ParáAmazonas Tocantins Roraima
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Desenvolvimento Econômico X Degradação 10Fontes: PRODES/INPE, IBGE e SEPLAM (2012)
  11. 11. A Amazonia urbana  Manaus: 2 milhões de habitantes Faturamento da Zona Franca de Manaus : + R$ 75 bilhões Crescimento no 1° semestre 2013: 11,7% Número de empregos diretos: 110 mil Fonte: SUFRAMA
  12. 12. Floresta Amazônica uma grande bomba d´água
  13. 13. provedores Serviços ambientais beneficiarios pagamento Paulo Otávio/Creative Commons
  14. 14. Why an Amazon SDSN Amazon Basin largest tropical forest in the world • 40 percent of the South America Continent Half of Planet’s Biodiversity and Crucial Provider of Ecosystem Services • Rainforest most extensive but rivers, lakes , wetlands and savannas • Greatest concentrations plants, animals and microorganisms . Survival depends network of large well connected protected areas • Crucial provider of ecosystem services which underpin water, energy, food for region and beyond Amazon releases 8 trillion water vapor into atmosphere each year maintaining climatic stability global, regional and locally. And Feeding agriculture and hydropower, and water for industry and people : Rio de la Plata Basin depends from evaporation from Amazon for 70 percent of its water. 1414
  15. 15. Amazon Natural Capital Undervalued • Economic value of these services is enormous • Natural Capital Amazon comparative advantage and could energize region’s sustainable development and position region in leadership on new development paradigms • But, the services that the Amazon provide , which include maintenance of the global water cycle, nutrient and carbon cycle, regional climate regulation, preventing soil erosion and others are not captured in figures services • Amazon is undergoing a rapid change • Amazon Basin involves 8 countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia Venezuela Guyana and Suriname • More than 30 million people live in the Amazon including 350 indigenous and ethnic groups ( about 32 no contacted groups in Brazil alone) 1515
  16. 16. Significant and Vulnerable Economic Contribution of the Amazon Huge wealth is generated in Amazon • Oil and Natural Gas • Amazonian Hydropower supplies high percentage of electricity needs. close to 100 damns being planned by 2020 • Amazonian produce feeds region • Amazonian agricultural commodities export at scale (8B only in Brazil 2012 • Amazonian minerals – 21 percent of Amazon is under some form of mining • All the above are depend on Amazonia water and energy security 1616
  17. 17. The Amazon : Abundance under Threat • Major drivers deforestation: infrastructure, cattle ranching, agriculture expansion, unsustainable extractive industries, oil exploration . • All these threats will be multiplied by Climate change exacerbating economic, environmental and social costs. • Maintaining Amazonian ecosystems in balance with sustainable economic growth is fundamental to people and economies across the region • Joint dependence on Amazonia natural resources and joint exposure to regional scale risk call for greater regional cooperation 1717
  18. 18. Innovative Transition to a New Sustainable Development Paradigm • The future of the Amazon is linked to the region’s long term development. • It presents a unique, challenging, and potentially innovative scenario. The region has the potential to developed as a first tropical economy based in diversified natural resources, intensive in nature knowledge based technologies • The Brazilian Academy of Sciences states that “the challenge of benefitting from the Amazon’s natural capital in a sustainable manner is unique. There are no models to be followed.” 1818
  19. 19. Enabling conditions for an Amazon SDSN • Growing political awareness commitment governments , civil society and business • Vast reserves of protected areas • Reduction of deforestation rates esp Brazil • Considerable level of experimentation solutions and research at research institutions, civil society organizations and private sector • (Include examples) • No comprehensive overview of region . Need for an integrated regional polices and solutions • Need to advance operational sustainable development frameworks and solutions to mobilize key actors -national, local governments, civil society, business science and academia- SDSN 1919
  20. 20. Amazon SDSN • Vision Amazon 2030 -Mobilize leading research and academic institutions to share existing knowledge and explore solutions of scale • Foster policy dialogue and develop integrated policies based on scientific evidence • Identify triple win policies and solutions at scale 2020
  21. 21. Amazon SDSN To develop a sustainable development solutions network for the Amazon region – mobilizing a regional network of knowledge centers around three set of activities: • Build the Amazon Solutions Network • Build a web based platform to share knowledge and solutions for Amazon • Foster dialogue and inform policy- makers on evidence based sustainable solutions 2121
  22. 22. Amazon SDSN Vision for Amazon 2030 • SDGs for Amazon: Goals Targets and Indicators Human, Physical, Biodiversity , Forests (Pristine and Sustainable Managed Forests) Valuation of Ecosystem Services Poverty Eradication, Access to Basic Services Population , Cities Center of Nature Innovation • Risks for Amazon Fragmentation Global Change- Climate Change : Mitigation and Adaptation Land use • Systematically Monitor and Track ( Annual report) Land use change, Biodiversity , et al Paths : Policy Making , Problem Solving – Enabling environment for Nature Based Innovation Solid Evidence Based Analysis 2323
  23. 23. AMAZON - SDSN • Consolidate and Enlarge Network – mobilize universities, research , think tanks, indigenous groups, private sector • Solutions, Criteria , Systematic Sharing • Develop Web Platform • Education : e.g.online What is Sustainablde Development in the Amazon • Value and Incorporate Traditional and Indigenous Knowledge • Science and Evidence Public Policy • Promote enabling environment for Sustainable Development Entrepreneurship • Share Private Sector Solutions and Sustainable Practices 2424
  24. 24. More information: Website: www.unsdsn.org Email: info@unsdsn.org 25