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Escalante

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Escalante

  1. 1. Citizens’ Agenda for Science, Technology and Innovation: Universities & Public Appproach to Science Montreal, May 2015 Roberto Escalante, UDUAL
  2. 2. The UDUAL organized the query with the support of its associate universities. The Citizen’s Agenda for Science, Technology and Innovation stemmed from the Mexican Senate’s request made to the National Council of Science and Technology to celebrate a national query on science and technology. A linking strategy was created among government institutions in three areas, public and private universities, nongovernmental organizations, and technology transfer centers, in order to develop the consultation.
  3. 3. On 2011, the Commission of Science and Technology of the Senate, the National Council for Science and Technology (CONACyT), the Mexican Academy of Sciences (AMC), the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and the Union of Universities of Latin America and the Caribbean (UDUAL) designed the rules of a Citizen’s Agenda for Science, Technology, and Innovation. The initiative consisted of ten challenges from which three had to be chosen. The query was held in Mexico from November 7, 2012 to January 30, 2013. Its purpose was to create an exercise of scientific popularization in order to increase the culture of science. In addition, it aimed to review the opinion of people on science and technology subjects. More than 70 entities joined the initiative.
  4. 4. Develop a competitive Mexican aerospace industry with results geared towards society Preserve the environment to improve our quality of life Integrate mental health and addictions to public health Modernize the Education System with a humanistic, scientific and technological approach Ensure the supply of drinking water for the entire population Have a more productive field in order to reach food sovereignty Have a clean, sustainable, efficient and affordable energy system Form a high quality Health System for the entire population Develop the ability to prevent and adapt to the effects of climate change Build an informed society on immigration and diversity sensitized to the rights of migrants
  5. 5. On 2010, a similar public consultation took place in Spain. It was internet based and sponsored by the Ministry of Science and Technology of Spain and the Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology (FECyT). The challenges were, for instance: 1. Overcoming language barriers through technology 2. More comfortable, accessible and ecological cities 3. Personalized medical treatments by genetics 4. Robots that make our lives easier 5. Artificial organs to replace damaged ones This initiative won 107.309 votes between April 16 and May 26, 2010. The main objective of this query was to value science, innovation and creativity as drivers of progress and welfare of society, and to reach new audiences and segments away from public decisions on collective challenges. Background
  6. 6. Publicperception of science in Mexico 18+ year-old population, by age group. We rely too much on faith and very little in science The application of science makes our way of life change too fast Some numbers are lucky Technological development creates an artificial and dehumanized way of living Strongly agree Do not knowAgree Disagree Strongly disagree Source: National Query of Public Perception on Science, INEGI, 2011
  7. 7. Source: National Query of Public Perception on Science, INEGI, 2011 18+ year-old population, by age group. Relies equally on both Total Relies more on science Do not rely on any Relies more on faith or religion Do not know Publicperception of science in Mexico
  8. 8. Why did the universities join this initiative?  The need to establish a new model of Latin American University: More sensitive to challenges of globalization and knowledge society.  More approached to social sector; strengthen extension activities.  Public and private universities must take the global trends to take advantage from them. However , universities should not lose their direction or their autonomy and remain the critical conscience of society.  Universities have the responsibility to provide scientific, professional, humanistic, artistic and technical training at the highest level.  Contribute to economic competitiveness and sustainable human development.
  9. 9.  Reports of Public Perception of Science, Research and Innovation in Spain, Mexico and Latin American countries; people think that budget to R&D&I is wasted in unnecessary expenses.  It is necessary to remind people that science and technology are everywhere, in all objects used daily and improve their living conditions.  R&D&I to improve the quality of life (developed countries): Transport infrastructure, adaptation of society to an ageing population, security of citizens, protection of personal data, education and skills, artificial intelligence, health.  R&D&I to resolve the social debts left by the demise of the welfare state (Mexico and Latin America): immigration, water supply, education, availability of food, social care and Health, reduction of inequalities. Why did the universities join this initiative?
  10. 10. Objectives of Citizen’s Agenda for Science, Technology and Innovation  To face the problems that affect the country with R&D&I and social innovation.  To establish ways of communication and citizen participation on scientific affairs.  To include citizen opinion in drafting the National Agenda on Science, Technology and Innovation.  To be an exercise of science popularization.
  11. 11. As a part of the reflection and analysis of the challenges, ten volumes containing the diagnosis of the current situation were published, along with possible solutions for each challenge. The books and the results were delivered to the main decision makers of country. And most importantly: The books are available to the whole population. The coordination of these books was given by leading experts in each topic.
  12. 12. Preserve the environment to improve our quality of life 33,655 364,803 votes Modernize the Education System with humanistic, scientific and technological approachEnsure the supply of drinking water for the entire population Integrate mental health and addictions to public health Have a more productive field in order to reach food sovereignty Have a clean, sustainable, efficient and affordable energy system Form a high quality Health System for the entire population Develop a competitive Mexican aerospace industry with results geared towards society Develop the ability to prevent and adapt to the effects of climate change Build an informed society on immigration and diversity sensitized to the rights of migrants 19,111 19,175 23,167 36,534 49,410 62,328 56,254 42,599 22,570
  13. 13. First Science and Technology Interuniversity Contest  Vive Conciencia Contest is a call for social innovation.  Considering the ten challenges of the Citizen's Agenda, undergraduate students must design an innovative project to address the challenge.  Students of nationwide universities, both public and private.  Students offer practical solutions to everyday problems to improve their environment and the population as a whole. Students should offer an innovative idea, which consists of a change in behavior or new uses for an existing product or invention of new products.  Bring citizens closer to science, technology and innovation and recognize the contributions that these sectors performed in different areas of daily life.
  14. 14. Nowadays, the complex of emergent economies demands creative and innovative solutions to face the poverty and generate income sources. In this case, we understand social innovation as a continuous transformation sustained in some phases: 1. Identifying social needs uncovered by government. 2. The development of social needs. 3. Evaluating the effectiveness of the innovations. 4. The scale of the innovations or products and their. popularizing to the rest of the society. The US government created the Social Innovation Fund, which recognizes the entrepreneurs and the social sector as subjects for the economical development of the country. About the contest
  15. 15. About the contest  Vive ConCiencia contest was launched on Science and Technology week, on November 2013  The same institutions of Citizens Agenda for ST+i organized the contest.  The deadline to send the projects was March 31, 2014.  A winner from each challenge (Ten challenges) and five Honorable Mentions.  The winners’ projects were presented in Science and Technology Week 2014.  1,342 proposals were received, but only 961 were elegible.
  16. 16. Solutions to daily problems The challenge was to create an innovative product or solution to the selected problem and translate the results into a video of 1 to 3 minutes: 1. Explain the problem and how it impacts the community or the environment where they live. 2. Describe the new product or solution. 3. Indicate a scientific substantiation of the proposal. 4. Present how innovation solves that problem.
  17. 17.  Extension activities: Incubation of business innovation projects with social content.  Bootcamps, New Ventures, AVINA, Ashoka: Catalyzes social innovation in higher education.  RedUNES-UDUAL: Uniting Latin American universities through Social Entrepreneurship. Companies with human sense which seek to be financially sustainable, but generate shared benefits.  Entrepreneurship and social innovation are two aspects of social management, driven from the universities.  Social service is a link between the university and society, which reaffirms the social relevance of the University. It is necessary to strengthen the social service with scholarships. Universities and Social Innovation
  18. 18.  Innovation is an engine of development, but it has always been regarded as scientific or technical.  Innovation not only results in patenting: The social vision of entrepreneurship focuses projects to parliamentary democracy, gender equality, universal social security, free education, generalized literacy and social peace (Ikka Taipale).  Social innovations guarantee equality, but require social participation.  Social innovation does not solely relates to emerging economies: Developed countries stimulate as well because they seek to ensure equality and environmental balance.  The university plays a fundamental role in the design and implementation of social innovations.  Universities perfect innovations that emerge from society. Students retake these needs and take them to laboratories and classrooms, which in turn are redefined with scientific and technological vision. Universities and Social Innovation
  19. 19. roberto.escalante@udual.org

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