Affects Of War
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  • 1. Wartime Effects and Trends AP U.S. History
  • 2. Women
    • Large numbers of white women were hired by factories and other jobs never before open to them.
    • Resented and ridiculed by male workers.
      • After war almost all returned to traditional “women's jobs”
    • Continued to campaign for women's suffrage.
  • 3. Racial Minorities
    • Labor shortage opened jobs to Mexican-Americans and Blacks.
    • W.E.B. DuBois supported war effort in the hope that a war to make the world safe for democracy would bring a better life for blacks in the U.S.
    • ½ million Southern blacks migrated to cities.
  • 4. Prohibition
    • Stressed need for military personnel to be sober
    • Need to conserve grain
    • Depicted Germans as disgusting beer drinkers
    • Constitutional Amendment passed to ban alcohol.
      • Cigarette consumption increases.
  • 5. Peacemaking
    • Fourteen Points
      • Open peace treaties
      • Freedom of the seas
      • Free trade
      • Arms reduction
      • Fair adjustment of colonial claims
      • Create a League of Nations
    • Many U.S. citizens opposed a peace plan that risked American involvement in another war.
  • 6. Treaty of Versailles
    • “ Big Four”
    • Provisions
      • League of Nations
      • Germany held responsible
      • New nations created
      • German colonies broken up
  • 7. The Senates response
    • Irreconcilables-thought that the U.S. should not be a member of the League under any circumstances.
    • Reservationists-accept the treaty with some changes.
      • Henry Cabot Lodge
    • Wilson went on public speaking tour
    • U.S. did NOT join the League.
  • 8. Consequences of War
    • U.S. enters as economic and political leader of the world.
    • Bitterness and economic turmoil lead to WWII.
    • 18 th Amendment
    • 19 th Amendment
    • Strikes for higher wages