Wartime Effects and Trends AP U.S. History
- Large numbers of white women were hired by factories and other jobs never before open to them.
- Resented and ridiculed by male workers.
- After war almost all returned to traditional “women's jobs”
- Continued to campaign for women's suffrage.
- Labor shortage opened jobs to Mexican-Americans and Blacks.
- W.E.B. DuBois supported war effort in the hope that a war to make the world safe for democracy would bring a better life for blacks in the U.S.
- ½ million Southern blacks migrated to cities.
- Stressed need for military personnel to be sober
- Depicted Germans as disgusting beer drinkers
- Constitutional Amendment passed to ban alcohol.
- Cigarette consumption increases.
- Fair adjustment of colonial claims
- Create a League of Nations
- Many U.S. citizens opposed a peace plan that risked American involvement in another war.
Treaty of Versailles
- German colonies broken up
The Senates response
- Irreconcilables-thought that the U.S. should not be a member of the League under any circumstances.
- Reservationists-accept the treaty with some changes.
- Wilson went on public speaking tour
- U.S. did NOT join the League.
Consequences of War
- U.S. enters as economic and political leader of the world.
- Bitterness and economic turmoil lead to WWII.