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Affects Of War


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Affects Of War

  1. 1. Wartime Effects and Trends AP U.S. History
  2. 2. Women <ul><li>Large numbers of white women were hired by factories and other jobs never before open to them. </li></ul><ul><li>Resented and ridiculed by male workers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After war almost all returned to traditional “women's jobs” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Continued to campaign for women's suffrage. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Racial Minorities <ul><li>Labor shortage opened jobs to Mexican-Americans and Blacks. </li></ul><ul><li>W.E.B. DuBois supported war effort in the hope that a war to make the world safe for democracy would bring a better life for blacks in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>½ million Southern blacks migrated to cities. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Prohibition <ul><li>Stressed need for military personnel to be sober </li></ul><ul><li>Need to conserve grain </li></ul><ul><li>Depicted Germans as disgusting beer drinkers </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional Amendment passed to ban alcohol. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cigarette consumption increases. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Peacemaking <ul><li>Fourteen Points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open peace treaties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of the seas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arms reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair adjustment of colonial claims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many U.S. citizens opposed a peace plan that risked American involvement in another war. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>“ Big Four” </li></ul><ul><li>Provisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany held responsible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New nations created </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>German colonies broken up </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Senates response <ul><li>Irreconcilables-thought that the U.S. should not be a member of the League under any circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>Reservationists-accept the treaty with some changes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Cabot Lodge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wilson went on public speaking tour </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. did NOT join the League. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Consequences of War <ul><li>U.S. enters as economic and political leader of the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Bitterness and economic turmoil lead to WWII. </li></ul><ul><li>18 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>19 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>Strikes for higher wages </li></ul>