Work produced by Abigail B, a year 11 student at Philips High School, Whitefield
Also, why the       There are 6                        peace movement grew:main reasons why                        there w...
58,000 American soldiers were killed throughout the war. Overall, for the amount of soldiers who died there was an average...
Many Americans found it difficult to believe/ understand why America was defending itself in and against a country, which ...
There were huge amounts of media coverage  throughout all of the war, from newspapers, to radio  and television broadcasts...
Events during the war, such as the My Lai  massacre, caused huge uproar and debate; this also  undermined the moral of the...
The cost of the war was proving to be a huge  burden on America. It also meant that president  Johnson has to cancel his „...
Famous figures, such as Martin Luther King and  Muhammad Ail thoroughly opposed the war.  Martin Luther King attempted to ...
Between 1960 and 1973 many U.S troops began to desert the war. They had become fed-up with the constant undermining or mor...
The first protests began in October of 1965 because the draft was  increased from 3,000 to 33,000. A common protest was te...
In which numerous shockingphotos of the war in Vietnamwere presented.
Many protest badges andbanners held the slogans: "HowMany More?," "Im a Viet NamDropout" and "Ship the GIsHome Now!"
An anti-war protest, which tookplace in 1967 at the Pentagon.
Peace movement in america
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Peace movement in america

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An amazing piece of work on the growth of the peace movement in USA at the time of the Vietnam War. This was produced by Abigayle B, an outstanding student at Philips High School, Whitefield.

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Peace movement in america

  1. 1. Work produced by Abigail B, a year 11 student at Philips High School, Whitefield
  2. 2. Also, why the There are 6 peace movement grew:main reasons why there was huge amountsthe peace movement of media coverage; eventsgrew in such as the My LaiAmerica, there are: massacre provokedthe amount of conflict; the actual cost ofAmerican soldiers the war war affecting thethat were getting entire country.killed; many peoplecouldn‟t understandhow America wasdefending itselffrom acountry, whichwas8,000 milesaway. Finally, power ful figures, like Martin Luther King, were also against the war in Vietnam.
  3. 3. 58,000 American soldiers were killed throughout the war. Overall, for the amount of soldiers who died there was an average age of just 19. The war had been presented as an easy victory for the U.S; therefore it thoroughly angered the Americans when too many young soldiers were being reported dead in a supposedly easy war. For example in just one week 562 troops were killed. Especially since the troops were supporting a corrupt government. Many people became frustrated and confused at how 18, 19 and 20 year olds could fight and die however, couldn‟t drink
  4. 4. Many Americans found it difficult to believe/ understand why America was defending itself in and against a country, which was over 8,000 miles away.
  5. 5. There were huge amounts of media coverage throughout all of the war, from newspapers, to radio and television broadcasts. This brought all the horror of the war into the homes of all American civilians. People finally could see what really occurred during war. All the media from radio, newspapers and T.V were constantly reporting back to Europe and the U.S with images and videos of the horror of the war. This caused many Americans to begin protests and peace marches. Life magazine did a series of issues, which contain shocking images from the war. Strangely, the government made no attempt to census the media. What makes it worse is that the people of America would watch the war unfold, every night, on the news – in colour! Furthermore, journalists had the right and freedom to question the war all they liked and they would dig as deep as they could on every angle. Some viewed much of the media to be bias against the war, causing support of the war to lack, undermining moral
  6. 6. Events during the war, such as the My Lai massacre, caused huge uproar and debate; this also undermined the moral of the government, putting them in a position for a disadvantage in the war. The My Lai massacre had been attempted to be covered up, however was discovered when photographs were retrieved. This highlighted the reality of the war and deeply shocked the American public causing them to, again, protest for peace. It was often seen that the government were sanctioning the deaths of America‟s young men and the children of North and South Vietnam. In one case a protest yelled to President Johnson: “Hey! Hey! How many kids did you kill today?” It was said that the American troops were running the environment, for the Vietnamese villagers, by using chemical weapons. The use of chemical weapons overall sparked a new riot. The Tet
  7. 7. The cost of the war was proving to be a huge burden on America. It also meant that president Johnson has to cancel his „Great Society‟ programme of reform. The cost of the war also took away funds from American towns for education, housing, welfare and necessary renovation. This obviously angered many American civilians. By 1968 the war was costing America just under $66 million per day! Because of this, taxes were increased, meaning there was now even more reason for the American civilians to become annoyed. If men were going to fight, they would be poorer men because the people who could afford to go to college go avoid the draft. Many saw this as unfair and this is another reason why they protested. This was one
  8. 8. Famous figures, such as Martin Luther King and Muhammad Ail thoroughly opposed the war. Martin Luther King attempted to join the civil rights movement and anti war movement in order to protest against the war. This earned him the anger of President Johnson, however gained him a lot of support from American civilians. Muhammad Ali was most famously seen burning his draft papers to join the war. Moreover, the majority of the black community in America was against the war because they were less likely to be able to avoid war and twice as more likely to die in the war compared to the average „wealthy white man‟. Jane Fonda also visited North
  9. 9. Between 1960 and 1973 many U.S troops began to desert the war. They had become fed-up with the constant undermining or moral and thorough lack of support back home in America Overall 503,926 soldiers deserted their troops. One soldier, name Keith Franklin, wrote a letter which was opened on his death in 1970. It said “If you are reading this letter, you will never see me again, the reason being that if you are reading this I have died. The question is whether or. not my death has been in vain. The answer is yes. The war that has taken my life and many thousands before me is immoral, unlawful and an atrocity... I had no choice as to my fate. It was predetermined by the war-mongering hypocrites in Washington. As I lie dead, please grant my last request. Help me
  10. 10. The first protests began in October of 1965 because the draft was increased from 3,000 to 33,000. A common protest was tearing or burning draft papers. The Chicago Seven are an infamous group of seven protesters who attempted to begin an anti- Vietnam war riot outside Chicago‟s Democratic National Convention hall in 1968. Out of the 7, only 5 men were convicted. In March 1966 there was evidence that the peace movement was growing, when a protest rally in New York has 50,000 protesters. A similar occurrence took place a year later, when 100,000 protesters participated in a march through Washington D.C. The first march to the capital, Washington D.C was in 196, when 25,000 people took part. As protests grew more violent, the police often had to stop the marches. Many protesters often brought doves to fly during protests. In November of 1965 Norman Morrison, a Quaker, publically set fire to himself as a protest to the war. In 1967, Vietnam Veterans against the War was formed. A group of former soldiers from
  11. 11. In which numerous shockingphotos of the war in Vietnamwere presented.
  12. 12. Many protest badges andbanners held the slogans: "HowMany More?," "Im a Viet NamDropout" and "Ship the GIsHome Now!"
  13. 13. An anti-war protest, which tookplace in 1967 at the Pentagon.

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